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【移动开发】Android中WIFI开发总结(二)

简介:
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  搞了好几天终于有点眉目了j_0063.gif,这里接着总结一下Android中WiFi的使用,在前面(http://smallwoniu.blog.51cto.com/3911954/1334951)我们已经简单了解了Wifi实际操作中所用到的几个主要类,今天就剖析一个WIFI搜索、创建、关闭、连接及一些简单的动画的综合案例。


首先,我们还是看一下我们项目的框架

214001313.jpg

MainActivity类:(处理wifi消息,加载UI)

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/**
 * 主界面
 * @author ZHF
 *
 */
public class MainActivity extends Activity implements EventHandler{
    //消息事件
    public static final int m_nWifiSearchTimeOut = 0;// 搜索超时
    public static final int m_nWTScanResult = 1;// 搜索到wifi返回结果
    public static final int m_nWTConnectResult = 2;// 连接上wifi热点
    public static final int m_nCreateAPResult = 3;// 创建热点结果
    public static final int m_nUserResult = 4;// 用户上线人数更新命令(待定)
    public static final int m_nWTConnected = 5;// 点击连接后断开wifi,3.5秒后刷新adapter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    //一些常量
    public static final String PACKAGE_NAME = "com.zhf.wifidemo.wifi";  //应用包名
    public static final String FIRST_OPEN_KEY = "version";  //版本号信息
    public static final String WIFI_AP_HEADER = "zhf_";
    public static final String WIFI_AP_PASSWORD ="zhf12345";
    //wifi操作事件(枚举)-->方便弹出对话框处理事件
    private int wFOperateEnum = WFOperateEnum.NOTHING;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    //三个重要的类
    public WFSearchProcess m_wtSearchProcess; //WiFi搜索进度条线程
    public WifiAdmin m_wiFiAdmin; //Wifi管理类
    public CreateAPProcess m_createAPProcess; //创建Wifi热点线程
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    //相关控件
    private WFSearchAnimationFrameLayout m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation;  //自定义雷达动画布局
    private GifView m_gifRadar;  //wifi信号动画布局
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    private LinearLayout m_linearLCreateAP; //创建热点View
    private ProgressBar m_progBarCreatingAP; //创建热点进度条
    private TextView m_textVPromptAP; //创建热点进度条文字
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    private Button m_btnBack; //左上角返回按钮
    private Button m_btnSearchWF; //右上角wifi搜索按钮
    private Button m_btnCreateWF; //创建wifi热点
    private ListView m_listVWT; //显示信息
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    private LinearLayout m_LinearLDialog; //提醒对话框
    private TextView m_textVContentDialog;  //对话框文本内容
    private Button m_btnConfirmDialog, m_btnCancelDialog; //提醒对话框上的按钮
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    private TextView m_textVWTPrompt; //中间文字提示
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    private boolean m_isFirstOpen = true;  //标记是否是第一次打开
    ArrayList<ScanResult> m_listWifi = new ArrayList();//检测到热点信息列表
    private WTAdapter m_wTAdapter; //网络列表适配器
    public Handler mHandler = new Handler() {
        public void handleMessage(android.os.Message msg) {
            switch (msg.what) {
            case m_nWifiSearchTimeOut: // 搜索超时
                m_wtSearchProcess.stop();
                m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation.stopAnimation();
                m_listWifi.clear();  //网络列表
                //设置控件
                m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                m_textVWTPrompt.setText("需要重新搜索,点右上角重新搜索或创建新的热点...");
                break;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
            case m_nWTScanResult:  //扫描到结果
                m_listWifi.clear();
                if(m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.getScanResults() != null) {
                    for (int i = 0; i < m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.getScanResults().size(); i++) {
                        ScanResult scanResult = m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.getScanResults().get(i);
                        //和指定连接热点比较,将其他的过滤掉!
                        if(scanResult.SSID.startsWith(WIFI_AP_HEADER)) {
                            m_listWifi.add(scanResult);
                        }
                    }
                    if(m_listWifi.size() > 0) {
                        m_wtSearchProcess.stop();
                        m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation.stopAnimation();
                        m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                        //更新列表,显示出搜索到的热点
                        m_wTAdapter.setData(m_listWifi);
                        m_wTAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
                    }
                }
                break;
            case m_nWTConnectResult:  //连接结果
                m_wTAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged(); //刷新适配器数据
                break;
            case m_nCreateAPResult:  //创建wifi热点结果
                m_createAPProcess.stop();
                m_progBarCreatingAP.setVisibility(View.GONE); //旋转进度条
                if((m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 3 || m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 13) && (m_wiFiAdmin.getApSSID().startsWith(WIFI_AP_HEADER))) {
                    //设置控件
                    m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                    m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_btnCreateWF.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_gifRadar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_btnCreateWF.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.x_ap_close);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                    m_textVPromptAP.setText("热点创建成功!""\n热点名:"+ m_wiFiAdmin.getApSSID()+ "\n连接密码:zhf12345");
                else {
                    m_btnCreateWF.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_btnCreateWF.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.x_wt_create);
                    m_textVPromptAP.setText("热点创建失败,您可以重新创建或者搜索其它热点");
                }
                break;
            case m_nUserResult :
                //更新用户上线人数
                break;
            case m_nWTConnected:  //点击连接后断开wifi,3.5s后刷新
                m_wTAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
                break;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
            }
        };
    };
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.wt_main);
        //搜索Wifi
        m_wtSearchProcess = new WFSearchProcess(this);
        //创建Wifi热点
        m_createAPProcess = new CreateAPProcess(this);
        //wifi管理类
        m_wiFiAdmin  = WifiAdmin.getInstance(this);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
        //初始化View
        initView();
    }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    /**初始化View**/
    private void initView() {
        // 监听广播
        WIFIBroadcast.ehList.add(this);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
        /******************************实例化布局**************************************/
        m_linearLCreateAP = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.create_ap_llayout_wt_main);  //创建热点View
        m_progBarCreatingAP = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.creating_progressBar_wt_main);  //创建热点进度条
        m_textVPromptAP = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.prompt_ap_text_wt_main); //创建热点进度条文字
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
        m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation = ((WFSearchAnimationFrameLayout) findViewById(R.id.search_animation_wt_main));// 搜索时的动画
        m_listVWT = ((ListView) findViewById(R.id.wt_list_wt_main));// 搜索到的热点listView
        //注意此处
        m_wTAdapter = new WTAdapter(this, m_listWifi);
        m_listVWT.setAdapter(m_wTAdapter);
        m_textVWTPrompt = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.wt_prompt_wt_main); //中间提醒文字
        m_gifRadar = (GifView) findViewById(R.id.radar_gif_wt_main); //gif动画
        //提醒对话框布局
        m_LinearLDialog = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.dialog_layout_wt_main);
        m_textVContentDialog = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.content_text_wtdialog);
        m_btnConfirmDialog = (Button) findViewById(R.id.confirm_btn_wtdialog);
        m_btnCancelDialog = (Button) findViewById(R.id.cancel_btn_wtdialog);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
        //左上角返回键
        m_btnBack = (Button) findViewById(R.id.back_btn_wt_main);
        m_btnBack.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                onBackPressed(); //相当于调用系统返回键,结束当前Activity
            }
        });
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
        //右上角搜索热点按钮
        m_btnSearchWF = (Button) findViewById(R.id.search_btn_wt_main);
        m_btnSearchWF.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(!m_wtSearchProcess.running) { //搜索线程没有开启
                    //1.当前热点或wifi连接着    WIFI_STATE_ENABLED 3 //WIFI_AP_STATE_ENABLED  13
                    if(m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 3 || m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 13) {
                        wFOperateEnum = WFOperateEnum.SEARCH; //搜索wifi事件
                        m_LinearLDialog.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); ///wifi提示对话框显示
                        m_textVContentDialog.setText("是否关闭当前热点去搜索其他热点?");
                        return;  //跳出此方法,交由对话框来处理事件
                    }
                    //2.当前没有热点或wifi连接着
                    if(!m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.isWifiEnabled()) { //如果wifi没打开
                        m_wiFiAdmin.OpenWifi();
                    }
                    m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); //中间提示文字
                    m_textVWTPrompt.setText("正在搜索附近的热点...");
                    m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.GONE); //创建wifi热点布局消失
                    m_gifRadar.setVisibility(View.GONE); //热点连接动画消失
                    m_btnCreateWF.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.x_wt_create); //更改按钮文字“创建”
                    //开始搜索wifi
                    m_wiFiAdmin.startScan();
                    m_wtSearchProcess.start(); //开启搜索线程
                    m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation.startAnimation(); //开启波纹动画
                }else {//搜索线程开启着,再次点击按钮
                    //重新启动
                    m_wtSearchProcess.stop();
                    m_wiFiAdmin.startScan();    //开始搜索wifi
                    m_wtSearchProcess.start();
                }
            }
        });
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
        //中间创建wifi热点按钮
        m_btnCreateWF = (Button) findViewById(R.id.create_btn_wt_main);
        m_btnCreateWF.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 4) { // WIFI_STATE_UNKNOWN
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"您的设备不支持热点创建!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                    return;
                }
                if(m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.isWifiEnabled()) { //目前连着wifi
                    wFOperateEnum = WFOperateEnum.CREATE;  //wifi热点创建事件
                    m_LinearLDialog.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); //对话框可用
                    m_textVContentDialog.setText("创建热点会关闭当前的WiFi,确认继续?");
                    return;
                }
                if((m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 3 || m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 13)
                        && (!m_wiFiAdmin.getApSSID().startsWith(WIFI_AP_HEADER))) {//目前连接着其他热点名
                    wFOperateEnum = WFOperateEnum.CREATE;  //wifi热点创建事件
                    m_LinearLDialog.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_textVContentDialog.setText("系统热点被占用,点确定开启热点以传输文件!");
                    return;
                }
                if (((m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 3) || (m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 13))
                        && (m_wiFiAdmin.getApSSID().startsWith(WIFI_AP_HEADER))) {//目前连接着自己指定的Wifi热点
                    wFOperateEnum = WFOperateEnum.CLOSE;  //wifi热点关闭事件
                    m_LinearLDialog.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_textVContentDialog.setText("关闭热点会中断当前传输,您确定这么做?");
                    return;
                }
                if(m_wtSearchProcess.running) {
                    m_wtSearchProcess.stop(); //停止线程
                    m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation.stopAnimation(); //停止动画
                }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                /******************点击创建热点时没有连接wifi或热点的情况*****************************/
                //关闭Wifi
                m_wiFiAdmin.closeWifi();
                //创建热点(名字,密码,加密类型,wifi/ap类型)
                m_wiFiAdmin.createWifiAP(m_wiFiAdmin.createWifiInfo(WIFI_AP_HEADER + getLocalHostName(), WIFI_AP_PASSWORD, 3"ap"), true);
                m_createAPProcess.start(); //开启创建热点线程
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                //将wifi信息列表设置到listview中
                m_listWifi.clear();
                m_wTAdapter.setData(m_listWifi);
                m_wTAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
                //设置布局
                m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); //热点布局可用
                m_progBarCreatingAP.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                m_textVPromptAP.setText("正在创建热点"); //进度条文字
                m_btnCreateWF.setVisibility(View.GONE); //点击一次不可再点
                m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            }
        });
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
        //对话框确认按钮
        m_btnConfirmDialog.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                m_LinearLDialog.setVisibility(View.GONE); //让对话框布局消失
                switch (wFOperateEnum) { //根据wifi操作事件
                case WFOperateEnum.CLOSE:  //关闭wifi热点
                    //设置布局
                    m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_textVWTPrompt.setText("热点已关闭!可以进行其他操作了!"); //中间提醒文字
                    m_btnCreateWF.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.x_wt_create); //按钮文字改回“创建”
                    m_gifRadar.setVisibility(View.GONE); //热点动画停止
                    m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.GONE); //下部创建热点布局不可用
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                    //关闭热点
                    m_wiFiAdmin.createWifiAP(m_wiFiAdmin.createWifiInfo(m_wiFiAdmin.getApSSID(), "zhf123456"3"ap"), false);
                    break;
                case WFOperateEnum.CREATE:  //创建wifi热点
                    if(m_wtSearchProcess.running) {
                        m_wtSearchProcess.stop();  //搜索wifi线程停止
                        m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation.stopAnimation(); //搜索wifi动画停止
                    }
                    //关闭wifi
                    m_wiFiAdmin.closeWifi();
                    //创建WiFi热点
                    m_wiFiAdmin.createWifiAP(m_wiFiAdmin.createWifiInfo(WIFI_AP_HEADER + getLocalHostName(), WIFI_AP_PASSWORD, 3"ap"),true);
                    m_createAPProcess.start();
                    //刷新listView布局
                    m_listWifi.clear();
                    m_wTAdapter.setData(m_listWifi);
                    m_wTAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
                    //设置布局
                    m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_progBarCreatingAP.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); //旋转进度条
                    m_btnCreateWF.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                    m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                    m_textVPromptAP.setText("正在创建热点..."); //进度条文字
                    break;
                case WFOperateEnum.SEARCH:  //搜索可用热点
                    //设置布局
                    m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_textVWTPrompt.setText("正在搜索附近的热点...");
                    m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.GONE); //创建热点布局不可用
                    m_btnCreateWF.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_btnCreateWF.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.x_wt_create); //按钮文字改回“创建”
                    m_gifRadar.setVisibility(View.GONE); //热点动画停止
                    m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.GONE); //下部创建热点布局不可用
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                    //搜索热点线程关闭
                    if (m_createAPProcess.running)
                        m_createAPProcess.stop();
                    //关闭热点
                    m_wiFiAdmin.createWifiAP(m_wiFiAdmin.createWifiInfo(m_wiFiAdmin.getApSSID(), WIFI_AP_PASSWORD, 3"ap"),false);
                    //打开wifi
                    m_wiFiAdmin.OpenWifi();
                    m_wtSearchProcess.start();
                    m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation.startAnimation();
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                    break;
                }
            }
        });
        //对话框取消按钮事件
        m_btnCancelDialog.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //对话框布局消失
                m_LinearLDialog.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            }
        });
    }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    /**Wifi是否连接**/
    private boolean isWifiConnect() {
        boolean isConnect = true;
        //用于网络连接状态的检测
        ConnectivityManager cm = (ConnectivityManager) getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
        if(!cm.getNetworkInfo(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI).isConnected())
            isConnect = false;
        return isConnect;
    }
    /**获取wifi热点状态**/
    public boolean getWifiApState() {
        try {
            WifiManager localWifiManager = (WifiManager) getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
            Method m = localWifiManager.getClass().getMethod("getWifiApState"new Class[0]);
            int i = (Integer)(m.invoke(localWifiManager, new Object[0]));
            return (3 == i) || (13 == i);  //WIFI_STATE_ENABLED 3  //WIFI_AP_STATE_ENABLED  13
        catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return false;
    }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    /**获取手机信息**/
    public String getLocalHostName() {
        String str1 = Build.BRAND; //主板
        String str2 = Build.MODEL;  //机型
        if (-1 == str2.toUpperCase().indexOf(str1.toUpperCase()))
            str2 = str1 + "_" + str2;
        return str2;
    }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    private void init() {
        //线程是否在运行
        if(this.m_wtSearchProcess.running || this.m_createAPProcess.running) {
            return;
        }
        //没有连接上wifi或者是wifi热点
        if(!isWifiConnect() && !getWifiApState()) {
            m_wiFiAdmin.OpenWifi();
            m_wtSearchProcess.start(); //开启搜索wifi超时检测线程
            m_wiFiAdmin.startScan(); //开启搜索wifi
            //开启搜索动画
            m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation.startAnimation();
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
            //设置控件
            m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
            m_textVWTPrompt.setText(" 正在搜索附近的热点...");
            m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            m_btnCreateWF.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.x_wt_create);
        }
        //连接上wifi
        if(isWifiConnect()) {
            this.m_wiFiAdmin.startScan();
            this.m_wtSearchProcess.start();
            this.m_FrameLWTSearchAnimation.startAnimation();
            //设置控件
            this.m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(0);
            this.m_textVWTPrompt.setText("正在搜索附近的热点...");
            this.m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            this.m_btnCreateWF.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.x_wt_create);
            this.m_gifRadar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
            m_listWifi.clear();
            if(m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.getScanResults() != null) {
                for (int i = 0; i < m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.getScanResults().size(); i++) {
                    //识别出自己自定连接的wifi
                    if(m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.getScanResults().get(i).SSID.startsWith(WIFI_AP_HEADER)) {
                        m_listWifi.add(m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.getScanResults().get(i)); //将指定wifi添加进去
                    }
                }
                m_wTAdapter.setData(m_listWifi); //将连接的信息添加到listView中
                m_wTAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
            }
            //连接上wifi热点
            if(getWifiApState()){
                if(m_wiFiAdmin.getApSSID().startsWith(WIFI_AP_HEADER)) {
                    //设置控件
                    m_textVWTPrompt.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                    m_linearLCreateAP.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_progBarCreatingAP.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                    m_btnCreateWF.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_gifRadar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    m_btnCreateWF.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.x_ap_close);
                    m_textVPromptAP.setText("\n热点名:"+ m_wiFiAdmin.getApSSID() + "\n连接密码:zhf12345");
                }
            }
        }
    }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        super.onDestroy();
        WIFIBroadcast.ehList.remove(this);
    }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
    @Override
    public void handleConnectChange() {
        Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(m_nWTConnectResult);
        mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
    }
    @Override
    public void scanResultsAvaiable() {
        Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(m_nWTScanResult);
        mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
    }
    @Override
    public void wifiStatusNotification() {
        m_wiFiAdmin.mWifiManager.getWifiState(); //获取当前wifi状态
    }
}


貌似有点长。。。简单说明一下:

   1.首先,初始化主界面(xml有些复杂,慢慢理一下就好了,不是什么大问题)接下来,处理三个重要的按钮事件:右上角的搜索wifi按钮、中间创建或关闭热点按钮、对话框中确定按钮。处理前两者事件时,需关注当前wifi状态,若为占用,需弹出提醒对话框来根据当前WiFi操作(WFOperateEnum类中定义好了)事件,来创建、关闭、搜索等具体事务。

   2.之所以定义广播接收者,是为了监听当wifi状态发生变化时,能够及时更新界面


广播接收者WIFIBroadcast类:

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package com.zhf.wifidemo.broadcast;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.net.wifi.WifiManager;
import android.util.Log;
/**
 * 监听wifi热点变化
 * @author ZHF
 *
 */
public class WIFIBroadcast extends BroadcastReceiver{
    public static ArrayList<EventHandler> ehList = new ArrayList<EventHandler>();
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        //搜索到wifi热点结果的广播:  "android.net.wifi.SCAN_RESULTS"
        if(intent.getAction().endsWith(WifiManager.SCAN_RESULTS_AVAILABLE_ACTION)) {
            Log.i("WTScanResults---->扫描到了可用网络---->""android.net.wifi.SCAN_RESULTS");
            //遍历通知各个监听接口
            for(int i = 0; i < ehList.size(); i++) {
                ((EventHandler)ehList.get(i)).scanResultsAvaiable();
            }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
        //wifi打开或关闭状态变化   "android.net.wifi.WIFI_STATE_CHANGED"
        }else if(intent.getAction().endsWith(WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION)) {
            Log.i("WTScanResults----->wifi状态变化--->""android.net.wifi.WIFI_STATE_CHANGED");
            //这里不需要连接一个SSID(wifi名称)
            for(int j = 0; j < ehList.size(); j++) {
                ((EventHandler)ehList.get(j)).wifiStatusNotification();
            }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
        //连接上一个SSID后发出的广播,(注:与android.net.wifi.WIFI_STATE_CHANGED的区别)
        }else if(intent.getAction().endsWith(WifiManager.NETWORK_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION)) {
            Log.i("WTScanResults----->网络状态变化---->""android.net.wifi.STATE_CHANGE");
            for(int m = 0; m < ehList.size(); m++) {
                ((EventHandler)ehList.get(m)).handleConnectChange();
            }
        }
    }
    /**
     * 事件监听接口
     * @author ZHF
     *
     */
    public static abstract interface EventHandler {
        /**处理连接变化事件**/
        public abstract void handleConnectChange();
        /**扫描结果是有效事件**/
        public abstract void scanResultsAvaiable();
        /**wifi状态变化事件**/
        public abstract void wifiStatusNotification();
    }
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
}


说明:监听系统wifi状态变化,内部定义了一个事件处理接口,当wifi状态发生变化时,让其实现类去发送消息更新界面。


CreateAPProcess类:

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package com.zhf.wifidemo.ui;
import android.net.wifi.WifiManager;
import android.os.Message;
import com.zhf.wifidemo.wifi.MainActivity;
/**
 * 创建Wifi热点
 * @author ZHF
 *
 */
public class CreateAPProcess implements Runnable{
                                                                                                                                                                                              
    public MainActivity context;
                                                                                                                                                                                              
    public boolean running = false;
    private long startTime = 0L;
    private Thread thread = null;
    public CreateAPProcess(MainActivity context) {
        super();
        this.context = context;
    }
    @Override
    public void run() {
        while(true) {
            if(!running)  return;
            //WIFI_STATE_ENABLED 3
            //WIFI_AP_STATE_ENABLED  13
            if((context.m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_ENABLED)
                    || (context.m_wiFiAdmin.getWifiApState() == 13)
                    || (System.currentTimeMillis() - this.startTime >= 30000L)){
                //wifi可用 或 热点可用
                Message msg = context.mHandler.obtainMessage(context.m_nCreateAPResult);
                context.mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
            }
            try {
                Thread.sleep(5L);
            catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
                                                                                                                                                                                                  
    }
                                                                                                                                                                                              
    public void start() {
        try {
            thread = new Thread(this);
            running = true;
            startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            thread.start(); //开启线程
        catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
                                                                                                                                                                                              
    public void stop() {
        try {
            running = false;
            thread = null;
            startTime = 0L;
        catch (Exception e) {
            // TODO: handle exception
        }
    }
}


其他类文件具体看源码,当创建一个热点成功后,等待其他客户端搜索

上图:

154705446.png154705667.png154705548.png154705623.png181413571.png181413850.png


WIFIAdapte类:

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/**
 * 网络列表适配器
 * @author ZHF
 *
 */
public class WTAdapter extends BaseAdapter {
    private LayoutInflater mInflater;
    private List<ScanResult> mList;  //扫描到的网络结果列表
    private MainActivity mContext;
    public WTAdapter(MainActivity context, List<ScanResult> list) {
        // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
        this.mContext = context;
        this.mList = list;
        this.mInflater = LayoutInflater.from(context);
    }
    //新加的一个函数,用来更新数据
    public void setData(List<ScanResult> list) {
        this.mList = list;
        notifyDataSetChanged();
    }
                                                                 
    @Override
    public int getCount() {
        return mList.size();
    }
    @Override
    public Object getItem(int position) {
        return mList.get(position);
    }
    @Override
    public long getItemId(int position) {
        return position;
    }
    @Override
    public View getView(final int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        //获取点击向的扫描结果
        final ScanResult localScanResult = mList.get(position);
        //获取wifi类
//      final WifiAdmin wifiAdmin = WifiAdmin.getInstance(mContext);
        final WifiAdmin wifiAdmin = mContext.m_wiFiAdmin;
        final ViewHolder viewHolder;
        if (convertView == null) {
            viewHolder = new ViewHolder();
            convertView = mInflater.inflate(R.layout.wtitem, null);
            //加载布局模板控件
            viewHolder.textVName = ((TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.name_text_wtitem));
            viewHolder.textConnect = ((TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.connect_text_wtitem));
            viewHolder.linearLConnectOk = ((LinearLayout) convertView.findViewById(R.id.connect_ok_layout_wtitem));
            viewHolder.progressBConnecting = ((ProgressBar) convertView.findViewById(R.id.connecting_progressBar_wtitem));
            convertView.setTag(viewHolder);
        else {
            viewHolder = (ViewHolder) convertView.getTag();
        }
        //点击连接处理事件
        viewHolder.textConnect.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //创建wifi网络
                WifiConfiguration localWifiConfiguration = wifiAdmin.createWifiInfo(localScanResult.SSID, MainActivity.WIFI_AP_PASSWORD, 3,"wt");
                //添加到网络
                wifiAdmin.addNetwork(localWifiConfiguration);
                //"点击链接"消失,显示进度条,
                viewHolder.textConnect.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                viewHolder.progressBConnecting.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                viewHolder.linearLConnectOk.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                //点击后3.5s发送消息
                mContext.mHandler.sendEmptyMessageDelayed(mContext.m_nWTConnected, 3500L);
            }
        });
        // 点击断开处理事件
        viewHolder.linearLConnectOk.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //断开指定wifi热点
                wifiAdmin.disconnectWifi(wifiAdmin.getWifiInfo().getNetworkId());
                //"断开连接"消失,进度条显示
                viewHolder.textConnect.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                viewHolder.progressBConnecting.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                viewHolder.linearLConnectOk.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                //点击后3.5s发送消息
                mContext.mHandler.sendEmptyMessageDelayed(mContext.m_nWTConnected, 3500L);
            }
        });
        //初始化布局
        viewHolder.textConnect.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        viewHolder.progressBConnecting.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        viewHolder.linearLConnectOk.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        viewHolder.textVName.setText(localScanResult.SSID); //显示热点名称
                                                                     
        // 正连接的wifi信息
        WifiInfo localWifiInfo = wifiAdmin.getWifiInfo();
        if (localWifiInfo != null) {
            try {//正在连接
                if ((localWifiInfo.getSSID() != null)&& (localWifiInfo.getSSID().equals(localScanResult.SSID))) {
                    viewHolder.linearLConnectOk.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    return convertView;
                }
            catch (NullPointerException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
                return convertView;
            }
            viewHolder.textConnect.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
        }
        return convertView;
    }
    public final class ViewHolder {
        public LinearLayout linearLConnectOk;
        public ProgressBar progressBConnecting;
        public TextView textConnect;
        public TextView textVName;
    }
}


   点击连接,实现客户连接,此时他们将处于同一网段内,接下来就可以自己实现传输数据,操控等一系列操作了。 在下一篇中我会继实现一个基于wif热点的多人聊天室,希望能帮助到大家!


源码:http://down.51cto.com/data/1036876






     本文转自zhf651555765 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/smallwoniu/1338618,如需转载请自行联系原作者




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