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LFS安装命令。

简介:
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下面命令从《LFS速成手册》中复制过来,可以直接运行安装Linux。

原文:
http://www.linuxsir.org/bbs/thread322894.html
http://blog.chinaunix.net/u/13265/showart.php?id=477122

export LFS=/mnt/lfs
mkdir -pv $LFS

mount /dev/hda2 $LFS

mkdir -v $LFS/sources
chmod -v a+wt $LFS/sources

mkdir -v $LFS/tools
ln -sv $LFS/tools /

groupadd lfs
useradd -s /bin/bash -g lfs -m -k /dev/null lfs

passwd lfs




chown -v lfs $LFS/tools
chown -v lfs $LFS/sources

su - lfs

cat > ~/.bash_profile << "EOF"
exec env -i HOME=$HOME TERM=$TERM PS1='\u:\w\$ ' /bin/bash
EOF
cat > ~/.bashrc << "EOF"
set +h
umask 022
LFS=/mnt/lfs
LC_ALL=POSIX
PATH=/tools/bin:/bin:/usr/bin
export LFS LC_ALL PATH
EOF
source ~/.bash_profile

cd $LFS/sources

tar xvf /lfs-sources/binutils-2.17.tar.bz2
cd binutils-2.17

mkdir -v ../binutils-build
cd ../binutils-build
CC="gcc -B/usr/bin/" ../binutils-2.17/configure --prefix=/tools --disable-nls --disable-werror
make
make install
make -C ld clean
make -C ld LIB_PATH=/tools/lib
cp -v ld/ld-new /tools/bin
cd ..
rm -rf binutils-build
rm -rf binutils-2.17

tar xvf /lfs-sources/gcc-4.1.2.tar.bz2
mkdir -v gcc-build
cd gcc-build
CC="gcc -B/usr/bin/" ../gcc-4.1.2/configure --prefix=/tools \
        --with-local-prefix=/tools --disable-nls \
        --enable-shared --enable-languages=c
make bootstrap
make install
ln -vs gcc /tools/bin/cc
cd ..
rm -rf gcc-build
rm -rf gcc-4.1.2

tar xvf /lfs-sources/linux-2.6.22.5.tar.bz2
cd linux-2.6.22.5
make mrproper
make headers_check
make INSTALL_HDR_PATH=dest headers_install
cp -rv dest/include/* /tools/include
cd ..
rm -rf linux-2.6.22.5

tar xvf /lfs-sources/glibc-2.5.1.tar.bz2
cd glibc-2.5.1
mkdir -v ../glibc-build
cd ../glibc-build
../glibc-2.5.1/configure --prefix=/tools \
--disable-profile --enable-add-ons \
--enable-kernel=2.6.0 --with-binutils=/tools/bin \
--without-gd --with-headers=/tools/include \
--without-selinux
make
mkdir -v /tools/etc
touch /tools/etc/ld.so.conf
make install
cd ..
rm -rf glibc-build
rm -rf glibc-2.5.1

mv -v /tools/bin/{ld,ld-old}
mv -v /tools/$(gcc -dumpmachine)/bin/{ld,ld-old}
mv -v /tools/bin/{ld-new,ld}
ln -sv /tools/bin/ld /tools/$(gcc -dumpmachine)/bin/ld
gcc -dumpspecs | sed 's@^/lib/ld-linux.so.2@/tools&@g' > `dirname $(gcc -print-libgcc-file-name)`/specs
GCC_INCLUDEDIR=`dirname $(gcc -print-libgcc-file-name)`/include &&
find ${GCC_INCLUDEDIR}/* -maxdepth 0 -xtype d -exec rm -rvf '{}' \; &&
rm -vf `grep -l "DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE" ${GCC_INCLUDEDIR}/*` &&
unset GCC_INCLUDEDIR

tar xvf /lfs-sources/tcl8.4.15-src.tar.gz
cd tcl8.4.15/unix
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
make install-private-headers
ln -sv tclsh8.4 /tools/bin/tclsh
cd $LFS/sources
tar xvf /lfs-sources/expect-5.43.0.tar.gz
cd expect-5.43
patch -Np1 -i /lfs-sources/expect-5.43.0-spawn-1.patch
cp configure{,.bak}
sed 's:/usr/local/bin:/bin:' configure.bak > configure
./configure --prefix=/tools --with-tcl=/tools/lib --with-tclinclude=/tools/include --with-x=no
make
make SCRIPTS="" install
cd $LFS/sources
tar xvf /lfs-sources/dejagnu-1.4.4.tar.gz
cd dejagnu-1.4.4
./configure --prefix=/tools
make install
cd ..
rm -rf tcl8.4.15
rm -rf expect-5.43
rm -rf dejagnu-1.4.4

tar xvf /lfs-sources/gcc-4.1.2.tar.bz2
cd gcc-4.1.2
cp -v gcc/Makefile.in{,.orig}
sed 's@\./fixinc\.sh@-c true@' gcc/Makefile.in.orig > gcc/Makefile.in
cp -v gcc/Makefile.in{,.tmp}
sed 's/^XCFLAGS =$/& -fomit-frame-pointer/' gcc/Makefile.in.tmp \
> gcc/Makefile.in
patch -Np1 -i /lfs-sources/gcc-4.1.2-specs-1.patch
mkdir -v ../gcc-build
cd ../gcc-build
../gcc-4.1.2/configure --prefix=/tools \
--with-local-prefix=/tools \
--enable-clocale=gnu --enable-shared \
--enable-threads=posix --enable-__cxa_atexit \
--enable-languages=c,c++ --disable-libstdcxx-pch
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf gcc-build
rm -rf gcc-4.1.2

tar xvf /lfs-sources/binutils-2.17.tar.bz2
mkdir -v binutils-build
cd binutils-build
../binutils-2.17/configure --prefix=/tools --disable-nls \
--with-lib-path=/tools/lib
make
make install
make -C ld clean
make -C ld LIB_PATH=/usr/lib:/lib
cp -v ld/ld-new /tools/bin
cd ..
rm -rf binutils-build
rm -rf binutils-2.17

tar xvf /lfs-sources/ncurses-5.6.tar.gz
cd ncurses-5.6
./configure --prefix=/tools --with-shared --without-debug --without-ada --enable-overwrite
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf ncurses-5.6

tar xvf /lfs-sources/bash-3.2.tar.gz
cd bash-3.2
patch -Np1 -i /lfs-sources/bash-3.2-fixes-5.patch
./configure --prefix=/tools --without-bash-malloc
make
make install
ln -vs bash /tools/bin/sh
cd ..
rm -rf bash-3.2

tar xvf /lfs-sources/bzip2-1.0.4.tar.gz
cd bzip2-1.0.4
make
make PREFIX=/tools install
cd ..
rm -rf bzip2-1.0.4

tar xvf /lfs-sources/coreutils-6.9.tar.bz2
cd coreutils-6.9
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
cp -v src/su /tools/bin/su-tools
cd ..
rm -rf coreutils-6.9

tar xvf /lfs-sources/diffutils-2.8.1.tar.gz
cd diffutils-2.8.1
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf diffutils-2.8.1

tar xvf /lfs-sources/findutils-4.2.31.tar.gz
cd findutils-4.2.31
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf findutils-4.2.31

tar xvf /lfs-sources/gawk-3.1.5.tar.bz2
cd gawk-3.1.5
./configure --prefix=/tools
cat >> config.h << "EOF"
#define HAVE_LANGINFO_CODESET 1
#define HAVE_LC_MESSAGES 1
EOF
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf gawk-3.1.5

tar xvf /lfs-sources/gettext-0.16.1.tar.gz
cd gettext-0.16.1
cd gettext-tools
./configure --prefix=/tools --disable-shared
make -C gnulib-lib
make -C src msgfmt
cp -v src/msgfmt /tools/bin
cd $LFS/sources
rm -rf gettext-0.16.1

tar xvf /lfs-sources/grep-2.5.1a.tar.bz2
cd grep-2.5.1a
./configure --prefix=/tools --disable-perl-regexp
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf grep-2.5.1a

tar xvf /lfs-sources/gzip-1.3.12.tar.gz
cd gzip-1.3.12
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf gzip-1.3.12

tar xvf /lfs-sources/make-3.81.tar.bz2
cd make-3.81
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf make-3.81

tar xvf /lfs-sources/patch-2.5.4.tar.gz
cd patch-2.5.4
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf patch-2.5.4

tar xvf /lfs-sources/perl-5.8.8.tar.bz2
cd perl-5.8.8
patch -Np1 -i /lfs-sources/perl-5.8.8-libc-2.patch
./configure.gnu --prefix=/tools -Dstatic_ext='Data/Dumper Fcntl IO POSIX'
make perl utilities
cp -v perl pod/pod2man /tools/bin
mkdir -pv /tools/lib/perl5/5.8.8
cp -Rv lib/* /tools/lib/perl5/5.8.8
cd ..
rm -rf perl-5.8.8

tar xvf /lfs-sources/sed-4.1.5.tar.gz
cd sed-4.1.5
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf sed-4.1.5

tar xvf /lfs-sources/tar-1.18.tar.bz2
cd tar-1.18
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf tar-1.18

tar xvf /lfs-sources/texinfo-4.9.tar.bz2
cd texinfo-4.9
./configure --prefix=/tools
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf texinfo-4.9

tar xvf /lfs-sources/util-linux-2.12r.tar.bz2
cd util-linux-2.12r
sed -i 's@/usr/include@/tools/include@g' configure
./configure
make -C lib
make -C mount mount umount
make -C text-utils more
cp -v mount/{,u}mount text-utils/more /tools/bin
cd ..
rm -rf util-linux-2.12r

strip --strip-debug /tools/lib/*
strip --strip-unneeded /tools/{,s}bin/*

rm -rf /tools/{info,man}

exit

chown -R root:root $LFS/tools

mkdir -pv $LFS/{dev,proc,sys}

mknod -m 600 $LFS/dev/console c 5 1
mknod -m 666 $LFS/dev/null c 1 3

mount -v --bind /dev $LFS/dev
mount -vt devpts devpts $LFS/dev/pts
mount -vt tmpfs shm $LFS/dev/shm
mount -vt proc proc $LFS/proc
mount -vt sysfs sysfs $LFS/sys

cp -a /lfs-sources/* $LFS/sources/

chroot "$LFS" /tools/bin/env -i \
HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/tools/bin \
/tools/bin/bash --login +h

mkdir -pv /{bin,boot,etc/opt,home,lib,mnt,opt}
mkdir -pv /{media/{floppy,cdrom},sbin,srv,var}
install -dv -m 0750 /root
install -dv -m 1777 /tmp /var/tmp
mkdir -pv /usr/{,local/}{bin,include,lib,sbin,src}
mkdir -pv /usr/{,local/}share/{doc,info,locale,man}
mkdir -pv /usr/{,local/}share/{misc,terminfo,zoneinfo}
mkdir -pv /usr/{,local/}share/man/man{1..8}
for dir in /usr /usr/local; do
ln -sv share/{man,doc,info} $dir
done
mkdir -pv /var/{lock,log,mail,run,spool}
mkdir -pv /var/{opt,cache,lib/{misc,locate},local}

ln -sv /tools/bin/{bash,cat,echo,grep,pwd,stty} /bin
ln -sv /tools/bin/perl /usr/bin
ln -sv /tools/lib/libgcc_s.so{,.1} /usr/lib
ln -sv /tools/lib/libstdc++.so{,.6} /usr/lib
ln -sv bash /bin/sh
touch /etc/mtab

cat > /etc/passwd << "EOF"
root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
nobody:x:99:99:Unprivileged User:/dev/null:/bin/false
EOF
cat > /etc/group << "EOF"
root:x:0:
bin:x:1:
sys:x:2:
kmem:x:3:
tty:x:4:
tape:x:5:
daemon:x:6:
floppy:x:7:
disk:x:8:
lp:x:9:
dialout:x:10:
audio:x:11:
video:x:12:
utmp:x:13:
usb:x:14:
cdrom:x:15:
mail:x:34:
nogroup:x:99:
EOF

exec /tools/bin/bash --login +h

touch /var/run/utmp /var/log/{btmp,lastlog,wtmp}
chgrp -v utmp /var/run/utmp /var/log/lastlog
chmod -v 664 /var/run/utmp /var/log/lastlog

cd /sources

export LFS=/sources

tar xvf $LFS/linux-2.6.22.5.tar.bz2
cd linux-2.6.22.5
sed -i '/scsi/d' include/Kbuild
make mrproper
make headers_check
make INSTALL_HDR_PATH=dest headers_install
cp -rv dest/include/* /usr/include
cd ..
rm -rf linux-2.6.22.5

tar xvf $LFS/man-pages-2.63.tar.bz2
cd man-pages-2.63
make install
cd ..
rm -rf man-pages-2.63

tar xvf $LFS/glibc-2.5.1.tar.bz2
cd glibc-2.5.1
tar -xvf $LFS/glibc-libidn-2.5.1.tar.gz
mv glibc-libidn-2.5.1 libidn
sed -i '/vi_VN.TCVN/d' localedata/SUPPORTED
sed -i \
's|libs -o|libs -L/usr/lib -Wl,-dynamic-linker=/lib/ld-linux.so.2 -o|' \
         scripts/test-installation.pl
sed -i 's|@BASH@|/bin/bash|' elf/ldd.bash.in
mkdir -v ../glibc-build
cd ../glibc-build
../glibc-2.5.1/configure --prefix=/usr \
--disable-profile --enable-add-ons \
--enable-kernel=2.6.0 --libexecdir=/usr/lib/glibc
make
make -k check 2>&1 | tee glibc-check-log
grep Error glibc-check-log
touch /etc/ld.so.conf
make install
make localedata/install-locales

cat > /etc/nsswitch.conf << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/nsswitch.conf
passwd: files
group: files
shadow: files
hosts: files dns
networks: files
protocols: files
services: files
ethers: files
rpc: files
# End /etc/nsswitch.conf
EOF
cp -v --remove-destination /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
cat > /etc/ld.so.conf << "EOF"
/usr/local/lib
/opt/lib
EOF

cd ..
rm -rf glibc-build
rm -rf glibc-2.5.1

mv -v /tools/bin/{ld,ld-old}
mv -v /tools/$(gcc -dumpmachine)/bin/{ld,ld-old}
mv -v /tools/bin/{ld-new,ld}
ln -sv /tools/bin/ld /tools/$(gcc -dumpmachine)/bin/ld

gcc -dumpspecs | sed \
-e 's@/tools/lib/ld-linux.so.2@/lib/ld-linux.so.2@g' \
-e '/\*startfile_prefix_spec:/{n;s@.*@/usr/lib/ @}' \
-e '/\*cpp:/{n;s@$@ -isystem /usr/include@}' > \
`dirname $(gcc --print-libgcc-file-name)`/specs

tar xvf $LFS/binutils-2.17.tar.bz2 
mkdir binutils-build 
cd binutils-build 
../binutils-2.17/configure --prefix=/usr --enable-shared 
make tooldir=/usr

make check

make tooldir=/usr install
cp -v ../binutils-2.17/include/libiberty.h /usr/include
cd ..
rm -rf binutils-build
rm -rf binutils-2.17

tar xvf $LFS/gcc-4.1.2.tar.bz2
cd gcc-4.1.2
sed -i 's/install_to_$(INSTALL_DEST) //' libiberty/Makefile.in
sed -i 's/^XCFLAGS =$/& -fomit-frame-pointer/' gcc/Makefile.in
sed -i 's@\./fixinc\.sh@-c true@' gcc/Makefile.in
sed -i 's/@have_mktemp_command@/yes/' gcc/gccbug.in
mkdir -v ../gcc-build
cd ../gcc-build
../gcc-4.1.2/configure --prefix=/usr \
--libexecdir=/usr/lib --enable-shared \
--enable-threads=posix --enable-__cxa_atexit \
--enable-clocale=gnu --enable-languages=c,c++
make

make -k check

make install
ln -sv ../usr/bin/cpp /lib
ln -sv gcc /usr/bin/cc
cd ..
rm -rf gcc-build
rm -rf gcc-4.1.2

tar xvf $LFS/db-4.5.20.tar.gz
cd db-4.5.20
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/db-4.5.20-fixes-1.patch
cd build_unix
../dist/configure --prefix=/usr --enable-compat185 --enable-cxx
make
make docdir=/usr/share/doc/db-4.5.20 install
chown -Rv root:root /usr/share/doc/db-4.5.20
cd /sources
rm -rf db-4.5.20

tar xvf $LFS/sed-4.1.5.tar.gz
cd sed-4.1.5
./configure --prefix=/usr --bindir=/bin --enable-html
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf sed-4.1.5

tar xvf $LFS/e2fsprogs-1.40.2.tar.gz
cd e2fsprogs-1.40.2
sed -i -e 's@/bin/rm@/tools&@' lib/blkid/test_probe.in
mkdir -v build
cd build
../configure --prefix=/usr --with-root-prefix="" \
--enable-elf-shlibs
make

make check

make install
make install-libs
cd ../..
rm -rf e2fsprogs-1.40.2

tar xvf $LFS/coreutils-6.9.tar.bz2
cd coreutils-6.9
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/coreutils-6.9-uname-1.patch
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/coreutils-6.9-suppress_uptime_kill_su-1.patch
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/coreutils-6.9-i18n-1.patch
chmod +x tests/sort/sort-mb-tests
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make NON_ROOT_USERNAME=nobody check-root
echo "dummy:x:1000:nobody" >> /etc/group
su-tools nobody -s /bin/bash -c "make RUN_EXPENSIVE_TESTS=yes check"

sed -i '/dummy/d' /etc/group

make install
mv -v /usr/bin/{cat,chgrp,chmod,chown,cp,date,dd,df,echo} /bin
mv -v /usr/bin/{false,hostname,ln,ls,mkdir,mknod,mv,pwd,readlink,rm} /bin
mv -v /usr/bin/{rmdir,stty,sync,true,uname} /bin
mv -v /usr/bin/chroot /usr/sbin
mv -v /usr/bin/{head,sleep,nice} /bin
cd ..
rm -rf coreutils-6.9

tar xvf $LFS/iana-etc-2.20.tar.bz2
cd iana-etc-2.20
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf iana-etc-2.20

tar xvf $LFS/m4-1.4.10.tar.bz2
cd m4-1.4.10
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf m4-1.4.10

tar xvf $LFS/bison-2.3.tar.bz2
cd bison-2.3
./configure --prefix=/usr
echo '#define YYENABLE_NLS 1' >> config.h
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf bison-2.3

tar xvf $LFS/ncurses-5.6.tar.gz
cd ncurses-5.6
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/ncurses-5.6-coverity_fixes-1.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr --with-shared --without-debug --enable-widec
make
make install
chmod -v 644 /usr/lib/libncurses++w.a
mv -v /usr/lib/libncursesw.so.5* /lib
ln -sfv ../../lib/libncursesw.so.5 /usr/lib/libncursesw.so
for lib in curses ncurses form panel menu ; do \
rm -vf /usr/lib/lib${lib}.so ; \
echo "INPUT(-l${lib}w)" >/usr/lib/lib${lib}.so ; \
ln -sfv lib${lib}w.a /usr/lib/lib${lib}.a ; \
done
ln -sfv libncurses++w.a /usr/lib/libncurses++.a
rm -vf /usr/lib/libcursesw.so
echo "INPUT(-lncursesw)" >/usr/lib/libcursesw.so
ln -sfv libncurses.so /usr/lib/libcurses.so
ln -sfv libncursesw.a /usr/lib/libcursesw.a
ln -sfv libncurses.a /usr/lib/libcurses.a
cd ..
rm -rf ncurses-5.6

tar xvf $LFS/procps-3.2.7.tar.gz
cd procps-3.2.7
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf procps-3.2.7

tar xvf $LFS/libtool-1.5.24.tar.gz
cd libtool-1.5.24
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf libtool-1.5.24

tar xvf $LFS/perl-5.8.8.tar.bz2
cd perl-5.8.8
echo "127.0.0.1 localhost $(hostname)" > /etc/hosts
./configure.gnu --prefix=/usr \
        -Dman1dir=/usr/share/man/man1 \
        -Dman3dir=/usr/share/man/man3 \
        -Dpager="/usr/bin/less -isR"
make

make test

make install
cd ..
rm -rf perl-5.8.8

tar xvf $LFS/readline-5.2.tar.gz
cd readline-5.2
sed -i '/MV.*old/d' Makefile.in
sed -i '/{OLDSUFF}/c:' support/shlib-install
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/readline-5.2-fixes-3.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr --libdir=/lib
make SHLIB_XLDFLAGS=-lncurses
make install
mv -v /lib/lib{readline,history}.a /usr/lib
rm -v /lib/lib{readline,history}.so
ln -sfv ../../lib/libreadline.so.5 /usr/lib/libreadline.so
ln -sfv ../../lib/libhistory.so.5 /usr/lib/libhistory.so
cd ..
rm -rf readline-5.2

tar xvf $LFS/zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz
cd zlib-1.2.3
./configure --prefix=/usr --shared --libdir=/lib
make

make check

make install
rm -v /lib/libz.so
ln -sfv ../../lib/libz.so.1.2.3 /usr/lib/libz.so
make clean
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
chmod -v 644 /usr/lib/libz.a
cd ..
rm -rf zlib-1.2.3

tar xvf $LFS/autoconf-2.61.tar.bz2
cd autoconf-2.61
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf autoconf-2.61

tar xvf $LFS/automake-1.10.tar.bz2
cd automake-1.10
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf automake-1.10

tar xvf $LFS/bash-3.2.tar.gz
cd bash-3.2
tar -xvf $LFS/bash-doc-3.2.tar.gz &&
sed -i "s|htmldir = @htmldir@|htmldir = /usr/share/doc/bash-3.2|" Makefile.in
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/bash-3.2-fixes-5.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr --bindir=/bin --without-bash-malloc --with-installed-readline
make

sed -i 's/LANG/LC_ALL/' tests/intl.tests
sed -i 's@tests@& </dev/tty@' tests/run-test
chown -Rv nobody ./
su-tools nobody -s /bin/bash -c "make tests"

make install
cd ..
rm -rf bash-3.2

exec /bin/bash --login +h

tar xvf $LFS/bzip2-1.0.4.tar.gz
cd bzip2-1.0.4
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/bzip2-1.0.4-install_docs-1.patch
make -f Makefile-libbz2_so
make clean
make
make PREFIX=/usr install
cp -v bzip2-shared /bin/bzip2
cp -av libbz2.so* /lib
ln -sv ../../lib/libbz2.so.1.0 /usr/lib/libbz2.so
rm -v /usr/bin/{bunzip2,bzcat,bzip2}
ln -sv bzip2 /bin/bunzip2
ln -sv bzip2 /bin/bzcat
cd ..
rm -rf bzip2-1.0.4

tar xvf $LFS/diffutils-2.8.1.tar.gz
cd diffutils-2.8.1
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/diffutils-2.8.1-i18n-1.patch
touch man/diff.1
./configure --prefix=/usr
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf diffutils-2.8.1

tar xvf $LFS/file-4.21.tar.gz
cd file-4.21
./configure --prefix=/usr
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf file-4.21

tar xvf $LFS/findutils-4.2.31.tar.gz
cd findutils-4.2.31
./configure --prefix=/usr --libexecdir=/usr/lib/findutils \
--localstatedir=/var/lib/locate
make

make check

make install
mv -v /usr/bin/find /bin
sed -i -e 's/find:=${BINDIR}/find:=\/bin/' /usr/bin/updatedb
cd ..
rm -rf findutils-4.2.31

tar xvf $LFS/flex-2.5.33.tar.bz2
cd flex-2.5.33
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
ln -sv libfl.a /usr/lib/libl.a

cat > /usr/bin/lex << "EOF"
#!/bin/sh
# Begin /usr/bin/lex
exec /usr/bin/flex -l "$@"
# End /usr/bin/lex
EOF
chmod -v 755 /usr/bin/lex

cd ..
rm -rf flex-2.5.33

tar xvf $LFS/grub-0.97.tar.gz
cd grub-0.97
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/grub-0.97-disk_geometry-1.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
mkdir -v /boot/grub
cp -v /usr/lib/grub/i386-pc/stage{1,2} /boot/grub
cd ..
rm -rf grub-0.97

tar xvf $LFS/gawk-3.1.5.tar.bz2
cd gawk-3.1.5
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/gawk-3.1.5-segfault_fix-1.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr --libexecdir=/usr/lib
cat >> config.h << "EOF"
#define HAVE_LANGINFO_CODESET 1
#define HAVE_LC_MESSAGES 1
EOF
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf gawk-3.1.5

tar xvf $LFS/gettext-0.16.1.tar.gz
cd gettext-0.16.1
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf gettext-0.16.1

tar xvf $LFS/grep-2.5.1a.tar.bz2
cd grep-2.5.1a
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/grep-2.5.1a-redhat_fixes-2.patch
chmod +x tests/fmbtest.sh
./configure --prefix=/usr --bindir=/bin
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf grep-2.5.1a

tar xvf $LFS/groff-1.18.1.4.tar.gz
cd groff-1.18.1.4
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/groff-1.18.1.4-debian_fixes-1.patch
sed -i -e 's/2010/002D/' -e 's/2212/002D/' \
-e 's/2018/0060/' -e 's/2019/0027/' font/devutf8/R.proto
PAGE=A4 ./configure --prefix=/usr --enable-multibyte
make
make install
ln -sv eqn /usr/bin/geqn
ln -sv tbl /usr/bin/gtbl
cd ..
rm -rf groff-1.18.1.4

tar xvf $LFS/gzip-1.3.12.tar.gz
cd gzip-1.3.12
./configure --prefix=/usr --bindir=/bin
make

make check

make install
mv -v /bin/{gzexe,uncompress,zcmp,zdiff,zegrep} /usr/bin
mv -v /bin/{zfgrep,zforce,zgrep,zless,zmore,znew} /usr/bin
cd ..
rm -rf gzip-1.3.12

tar xvf $LFS/inetutils-1.5.tar.gz
cd inetutils-1.5
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/inetutils-1.5-no_server_man_pages-2.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr --libexecdir=/usr/sbin \
--sysconfdir=/etc --localstatedir=/var \
--disable-ifconfig --disable-logger --disable-syslogd \
--disable-whois --disable-servers
make
make install
mv -v /usr/bin/ping /bin
cd ..
rm -rf inetutils-1.5

tar xvf $LFS/iproute2-2.6.20-070313.tar.bz2
cd iproute-2.6.20-070313
sed -i -e '/tc-bfifo.8/d' -e '/tc-pfifo.8/s/pbfifo/bfifo/' Makefile
make SBINDIR=/sbin
make SBINDIR=/sbin install
mv -v /sbin/arpd /usr/sbin
cd ..
rm -rf iproute-2.6.20-070313

tar xvf $LFS/kbd-1.12.tar.bz2
cd kbd-1.12
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/kbd-1.12-backspace-1.patch
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/kbd-1.12-gcc4_fixes-1.patch
./configure --datadir=/lib/kbd
make
make install
mv -v /usr/bin/{kbd_mode,openvt,setfont} /bin
cd ..
rm -rf kbd-1.12

tar xvf $LFS/less-406.tar.gz
cd less-406
./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf less-406

tar xvf $LFS/make-3.81.tar.bz2
cd make-3.81
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf make-3.81

tar xvf $LFS/man-db-2.4.4.tar.gz
cd man-db-2.4.4
mv man/de{_DE.88591,}
mv man/es{_ES.88591,}
mv man/it{_IT.88591,}
sed -i 's,\*_\*,??,' man/Makefile.in
sed -i -e '\%\t/usr/man%d' -e '\%\t/usr/local/man%d' src/man_db.conf.in
cat >> include/manconfig.h.in << "EOF"
#define WEB_BROWSER "exec /usr/bin/lynx"
#define COL "/usr/bin/col"
#define VGRIND "/usr/bin/vgrind"
#define GRAP "/usr/bin/grap"
EOF
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/man-db-2.4.4-fixes-1.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr --enable-mb-groff --disable-setuid
make
make install

cat >> convert-mans << "EOF"
#!/bin/sh -e
FROM="$1"
TO="$2"
shift ; shift
while [ $# -gt 0 ]
do
     FILE="$1"
     shift
     iconv -f "$FROM" -t "$TO" "$FILE" >.tmp.iconv
     mv .tmp.iconv "$FILE"
done
EOF

install -m755 convert-mans    /usr/bin
cd ..
rm -rf man-db-2.4.4

tar xvf $LFS/mktemp-1.5.tar.gz
cd mktemp-1.5
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/mktemp-1.5-add_tempfile-3.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr --with-libc
make
make install
make install-tempfile
cd ..
rm -rf mktemp-1.5

tar xvf $LFS/module-init-tools-3.2.2.tar.bz2
cd module-init-tools-3.2.2
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/module-init-tools-3.2.2-modprobe-1.patch
./configure
make check
make distclean
./configure --prefix=/ --enable-zlib
make
make INSTALL=install install
cd ..
rm -rf module-init-tools-3.2.2

tar xvf $LFS/patch-2.5.4.tar.gz
cd patch-2.5.4
./configure --prefix=/usr
make
make install
cd ..
rm -rf patch-2.5.4

tar xvf $LFS/psmisc-22.5.tar.gz
cd psmisc-22.5
./configure --prefix=/usr --exec-prefix=""
make
make install
mv -v /bin/pstree* /usr/bin
ln -sv killall /bin/pidof
cd ..
rm -rf psmisc-22.5

tar xvf $LFS/shadow-4.0.18.1.tar.bz2
cd shadow-4.0.18.1
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/shadow-4.0.18.1-useradd_fix-2.patch
./configure --libdir=/lib --sysconfdir=/etc --enable-shared --without-selinux
sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile
find man -name Makefile -exec sed -i 's/groups\.1 / /' {} \;
sed -i -e 's@#MD5_CRYPT_ENAB.no@MD5_CRYPT_ENAB yes@' \
-e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs
make
make install
mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin
mv -v /lib/libshadow.*a /usr/lib
rm -v /lib/libshadow.so
ln -sfv ../../lib/libshadow.so.0 /usr/lib/libshadow.so

pwconv
grpconv
useradd -D -b /home
sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd

passwd root

cd ..
rm -rf shadow-4.0.18.1

tar xvf $LFS/sysklogd-1.4.1.tar.gz
cd sysklogd-1.4.1
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/sysklogd-1.4.1-fixes-2.patch
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/sysklogd-1.4.1-8bit-1.patch
make
make install

cat > /etc/syslog.conf << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/syslog.conf
auth,authpriv.* -/var/log/auth.log
*.*;auth,authpriv.none -/var/log/sys.log
daemon.* -/var/log/daemon.log
kern.* -/var/log/kern.log
mail.* -/var/log/mail.log
user.* -/var/log/user.log
*.emerg *
# End /etc/syslog.conf
EOF

cd ..
rm -rf sysklogd-1.4.1

tar xvf $LFS/sysvinit-2.86.tar.gz
cd sysvinit-2.86
sed -i 's@Sending processes@& configured via /etc/inittab@g' src/init.c
make -C src
make -C src install

cat > /etc/inittab << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/inittab
id:3:initdefault:
si::sysinit:/etc/rc.d/init.d/rc sysinit
l0:0:wait:/etc/rc.d/init.d/rc 0
l1:S1:wait:/etc/rc.d/init.d/rc 1
l2:2:wait:/etc/rc.d/init.d/rc 2
l3:3:wait:/etc/rc.d/init.d/rc 3
l4:4:wait:/etc/rc.d/init.d/rc 4
l5:5:wait:/etc/rc.d/init.d/rc 5
l6:6:wait:/etc/rc.d/init.d/rc 6
ca:12345:ctrlaltdel:/sbin/shutdown -t1 -a -r now
su:S016:once:/sbin/sulogin
1:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty tty1 9600
2:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty tty2 9600
3:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty tty3 9600
4:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty tty4 9600
5:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty tty5 9600
6:2345:respawn:/sbin/agetty tty6 9600
# End /etc/inittab
EOF

cd ..
rm -rf sysvinit-2.86

tar xvf $LFS/tar-1.18.tar.bz2
cd tar-1.18
./configure --prefix=/usr --bindir=/bin --libexecdir=/usr/sbin
make

make check

make install
cd ..
rm -rf tar-1.18

tar xvf $LFS/texinfo-4.9.tar.bz2
cd texinfo-4.9
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/texinfo-4.9-multibyte-1.patch
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/texinfo-4.9-tempfile_fix-1.patch
./configure --prefix=/usr
make

make check

make install
make TEXMF=/usr/share/texmf install-tex

cd /usr/share/info
rm dir
for f in *
do install-info $f dir 2>/dev/null
done

cd /sources
rm -rf texinfo-4.9

tar xvf $LFS/udev-113.tar.bz2
cd udev-113
tar -xvf $LFS/udev-config-6.3.tar.bz2
install -dv /lib/{firmware,udev/devices/{pts,shm}}
mknod -m0666 /lib/udev/devices/null c 1 3
ln -sv /proc/self/fd /lib/udev/devices/fd
ln -sv /proc/self/fd/0 /lib/udev/devices/stdin
ln -sv /proc/self/fd/1 /lib/udev/devices/stdout
ln -sv /proc/self/fd/2 /lib/udev/devices/stderr
ln -sv /proc/kcore /lib/udev/devices/core
make EXTRAS="`echo extras/*/`"

make test

make DESTDIR=/ EXTRAS="`echo extras/*/`" install
cp -v etc/udev/rules.d/[0-9]* /etc/udev/rules.d/
cd udev-config-6.3
make install
make install-doc
make install-extra-doc
cd ..
install -m644 -v docs/writing_udev_rules/index.html \
/usr/share/doc/udev-113/index.html
cd ..
rm -rf udev-113

tar xvf $LFS/util-linux-2.12r.tar.bz2
cd util-linux-2.12r
sed -e 's@etc/adjtime@var/lib/hwclock/adjtime@g' \
-i $(grep -rl '/etc/adjtime' .)
mkdir -pv /var/lib/hwclock
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/util-linux-2.12r-cramfs-1.patch
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/util-linux-2.12r-lseek-1.patch
./configure
make HAVE_KILL=yes HAVE_SLN=yes
make HAVE_KILL=yes HAVE_SLN=yes install
cd ..
rm -rf util-linux-2.12r

tar xvf $LFS/vim-7.1.tar.bz2
tar xvf $LFS/vim-7.1-lang.tar.gz
cd vim71
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/vim-7.1-fixes-1.patch
patch -Np1 -i $LFS/vim-7.1-mandir-1.patch
echo '#define SYS_VIMRC_FILE "/etc/vimrc"' >> src/feature.h
./configure --prefix=/usr --enable-multibyte
make

make test

make install
ln -sv vim /usr/bin/vi
for L in "" fr it pl ru; do
ln -sv vim.1 /usr/share/man/$L/man1/vi.1
done
ln -sv ../vim/vim71/doc /usr/share/doc/vim-7.1

cat > /etc/vimrc << "EOF"
" Begin /etc/vimrc
set nocompatible
set backspace=2
syntax on
if (&term == "iterm") || (&term == "putty")
set background=dark
endif
" End /etc/vimrc
EOF

cd ..
rm -rf vim71

logout

chroot $LFS /tools/bin/env -i \
HOME=/root TERM=$TERM PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin \
/tools/bin/bash --login

/tools/bin/find /{,usr/}{bin,lib,sbin} -type f \
-exec /tools/bin/strip --strip-debug '{}' ';'

logout

chroot "$LFS" /usr/bin/env -i \
HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin \
/bin/bash --login
cd /sources
export LFS=/sources

tar xvf $LFS/lfs-bootscripts-6.3.tar.bz2
cd lfs-bootscripts-6.3
make install
cd ..
rm -rf lfs-bootscripts-6.3

cat > /etc/sysconfig/clock << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/sysconfig/clock
UTC=1
# End /etc/sysconfig/clock
EOF

cat > /etc/inputrc << "EOF"
set horizontal-scroll-mode Off
set meta-flag On
set input-meta On
set convert-meta Off
set output-meta On
set bell-style none
"\eOd": backward-word
"\eOc": forward-word
"\e[1~": beginning-of-line
"\e[4~": end-of-line
"\e[5~": beginning-of-history
"\e[6~": end-of-history
"\e[3~": delete-char
"\e[2~": quoted-insert
"\eOH": beginning-of-line
"\eOF": end-of-line
"\e[H": beginning-of-line
"\e[F": end-of-line
EOF

cat > /etc/profile << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/profile
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
export INPUTRC=/etc/inputrc
alias ls="ls --color"
export PS1='\u:\w\$ '
# End /etc/profile
EOF

echo "HOSTNAME=mylinux" > /etc/sysconfig/network

cat > /etc/hosts << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/hosts (no network card version)
127.0.0.1 mylinux localhost
# End /etc/hosts (no network card version)
EOF

# IP根据实际情况设置

cd /etc/sysconfig/network-devices &&
mkdir -v ifconfig.eth0 &&
cat > ifconfig.eth0/ipv4 << "EOF"
ONBOOT=yes
SERVICE=ipv4-static
IP=192.168.2.88
GATEWAY=192.168.2.1
PREFIX=24
BROADCAST=192.168.2.255
EOF

cat > /etc/resolv.conf << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/resolv.conf
nameserver 202.96.128.86
nameserver 202.96.134.133
# End /etc/resolv.conf
EOF

cat > /etc/fstab << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/fstab
# file system    mount-point    type     options                 dump    fsck
#                                                                                                                order
/dev/hda2             /                        xfs    defaults                1         1
/dev/hda1             swap                 swap     pri=1                     0         0
proc                            /proc                proc     defaults                0         0
sysfs                         /sys                 sysfs    defaults                0         0
devpts                    /dev/pts         devpts gid=4,mode=620    0         0
shm                            /dev/shm         tmpfs    defaults                0         0
# End /etc/fstab
EOF

cd /sources
tar xvf $LFS/linux-2.6.22.5.tar.bz2
cd linux-2.6.22.5

make mrproper
make menuconfig

make
make modules_install
cp -v arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot/lfskernel-2.6.22.5
cp -v System.map /boot/System.map-2.6.22.5
cp -v .config /boot/config-2.6.22.5
install -d /usr/share/doc/linux-2.6.22.5
cp -r Documentation/* /usr/share/doc/linux-2.6.22.5

grub

cat > /boot/grub/menu.lst << "EOF"
# Begin /boot/grub/menu.lst
# By default boot the first menu entry.
default 0
# Allow 30 seconds before booting the default.
timeout 30
# Use prettier colors.
color green/black light-green/black
# The first entry is for LFS.
title LFS 6.3
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/lfskernel-2.6.22.5 root=/dev/hda2 vga=788
EOF

mkdir -v /etc/grub
ln -sv /boot/grub/menu.lst /etc/grub

logout


注意,如果安装到位置
ln -sv /tools/bin/ld /tools/$(gcc -dumpmachine)/bin/ld
gcc -dumpspecs | sed \”关机重新开机,则重新开机后,进入LiveCD,然后要重新设置root密码,才能从putty登录。
登录之后,输入下面命令进入工作状态:
export LFS=/mnt/lfs
mkdir -pv $LFS
mount /dev/hda2 $LFS

mount -v --bind /dev $LFS/dev
mount -vt devpts devpts $LFS/dev/pts
mount -vt tmpfs shm $LFS/dev/shm
mount -vt proc proc $LFS/proc
mount -vt sysfs sysfs $LFS/sys

chroot "$LFS" /tools/bin/env -i \
HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/tools/bin \
/tools/bin/bash --login +h

cd /sources
export LFS=/sources



















本文转sinojelly51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/sinojelly/201337,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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