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Oracle 11g RAC添加一节点过程

简介:
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实验场景:

两节点RAC,主机名是db1、db2,现在需要添加db2。   
本文是接上一文删除节点后的添加节点的过整过程。查看Oracle 11g R2 RAC删除一节点过程。    
本例是在刚上删除节点过程后做的,如果是全新节点,需要按照Oracle 11g RAC安装过程配置环境变量等前期安装配置信息,全文全程采用字符界面方式操作,也可以采用图形界面进行。    
本文假定相关例如网络通讯,用户,环境变量,存储都已经配置好,只需要安装GRID,Oracle的之前的过程。

1. 节点1上grid用户,检查节点2预环境检查

[root@db1 ~]# cat /etc/hosts   
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4    
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6    
192.168.0.6          db1  
192.168.0.7          db2  
192.168.0.8          db1-vip    
192.168.0.9          db2-vip    
10.10.10.10          db1-priv1    
20.20.20.10          db1-priv2    
10.10.10.20          db2-priv1    
20.20.20.20          db2-priv2    
192.168.0.10         scan-cluster

# su - grid   
$ cluvfy stage -pre nodeadd -n db2 -fixup -fixupdir /tmp -verbose

过程略过,如果出现NTP,或/etc/resolv.conf可以根据实际环境情况忽略掉。   
该步一定要做,了解服务器环境一些不合理的配置与安装环境,需要修改完成后,出现check passed    
因为主机名修改了,两节点间grid用户信任关系需要重建,


2. oracle, grid用户等效性配置

等效性确认,一定要做的操作:

su - grid   
date;ssh db1 date    
date;ssh db2 date

su - oracle   
date;ssh db1 date    
date;ssh db2 date


如果等效性不能过,可以执行如下命令进行等效性操作:    
/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/deinstall/sshUserSetup.sh -user grid -hosts db1 db2 -noPromptPassphrase    
/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/deinstall/sshUserSetup.sh -user oracle -hosts db1 db2 -noPromptPassphrase


3. 在节点1 grid用户修改addNode.sh脚本

如果环境中有一个小问题会检查不通过,在图形界面安装时可以忽略的,这里是不能直接忽略的,需要修改一下addNode.sh文件

[grid@db1 ~]$ vi $ORACLE_HOME/oui/bin/addNode.sh   
#!/bin/sh    
OHOME=/u01/app/11.2.0/grid    
INVPTRLOC=$OHOME/oraInst.loc    
EXIT_CODE=0    
ADDNODE="$OHOME/oui/bin/runInstaller -addNode -invPtrLoc $INVPTRLOC ORACLE_HOME=$OHOME $*"    
if [ "$IGNORE_PREADDNODE_CHECKS" = "Y" -o ! -f "$OHOME/cv/cvutl/check_nodeadd.pl" ]    
then    
        $ADDNODE    
        EXIT_CODE=$?;    
else    
        CHECK_NODEADD="$OHOME/perl/bin/perl $OHOME/cv/cvutl/check_nodeadd.pl -pre ORACLE_HOME=$OHOME $*"    
        $CHECK_NODEADD    
        EXIT_CODE=$?;    
EXIT_CODE=0  加入如下行      
        if [ $EXIT_CODE -eq 0 ]    
        then    
                $ADDNODE    
                EXIT_CODE=$?;    
        fi    
fi    
exit $EXIT_CODE ;


4. db1节点上grid用户执行添加节点

# su - grid   
$ORACLE_HOME/oui/bin/addNode.sh "CLUSTER_NEW_NODES={db2}" "CLUSTER_NEW_VIRTUAL_HOSTNAMES={db2-vip}"

Performing pre-checks for node addition

Checking node reachability...   
Node reachability check passed from node "db1"


Checking user equivalence...    
User equivalence check passed for user "grid"

Checking CRS integrity...

Clusterware version consistency passed

CRS integrity check passed

Checking shared resources...

Checking CRS home location...   
"/u01/app/11.2.0/grid" is shared    
Shared resources check for node addition passed


Checking node connectivity...

Checking hosts config file...

Verification of the hosts config file successful

Check: Node connectivity for interface "eth0"   
Node connectivity passed for interface "eth0"    
TCP connectivity check passed for subnet "192.168.0.0"


Check: Node connectivity for interface "eth2"    
Node connectivity passed for interface "eth2"    
TCP connectivity check passed for subnet "20.20.20.0"


Check: Node connectivity for interface "eth1"    
Node connectivity passed for interface "eth1"    
TCP connectivity check passed for subnet "10.10.10.0"

Checking subnet mask consistency...   
Subnet mask consistency check passed for subnet "192.168.0.0".    
Subnet mask consistency check passed for subnet "20.20.20.0".    
Subnet mask consistency check passed for subnet "10.10.10.0".    
Subnet mask consistency check passed.

Node connectivity check passed

Checking multicast communication...

Checking subnet "192.168.0.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "230.0.1.0"...   
Check of subnet "192.168.0.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "230.0.1.0" passed.

Checking subnet "20.20.20.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "230.0.1.0"...   
Check of subnet "20.20.20.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "230.0.1.0" passed.

Checking subnet "10.10.10.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "230.0.1.0"...   
Check of subnet "10.10.10.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "230.0.1.0" passed.

Check of multicast communication passed.   
Total memory check passed    
Available memory check passed    
Swap space check failed    
Check failed on nodes:     
        db2,db1    
Free disk space check passed for "db2:/u01/app/11.2.0/grid,db2:/tmp"    
Free disk space check passed for "db1:/u01/app/11.2.0/grid,db1:/tmp"    
Check for multiple users with UID value 501 passed     
User existence check passed for "grid"    
Run level check passed    
Hard limits check passed for "maximum open file descriptors"    
Soft limits check passed for "maximum open file descriptors"    
Hard limits check passed for "maximum user processes"    
Soft limits check passed for "maximum user processes"    
System architecture check passed    
Kernel version check passed    
Kernel parameter check passed for "semmsl"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "semmns"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "semopm"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "semmni"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "shmmax"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "shmmni"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "shmall"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "file-max"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "ip_local_port_range"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "rmem_default"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "rmem_max"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "wmem_default"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "wmem_max"    
Kernel parameter check passed for "aio-max-nr"    
Package existence check passed for "make"    
Package existence check passed for "binutils"    
Package existence check passed for "gcc(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "libaio(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "glibc(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "compat-libstdc++-33(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "elfutils-libelf(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "elfutils-libelf-devel"    
Package existence check passed for "glibc-common"    
Package existence check passed for "glibc-devel(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "glibc-headers"    
Package existence check passed for "gcc-c++(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "libaio-devel(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "libgcc(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "libstdc++(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "libstdc++-devel(x86_64)"    
Package existence check passed for "sysstat"    
Package existence check passed for "pdksh"    
Package existence check passed for "expat(x86_64)"    
Check for multiple users with UID value 0 passed     
Current group ID check passed

Starting check for consistency of primary group of root user

Check for consistency of root user's primary group passed

Checking OCR integrity...

OCR integrity check passed

Checking Oracle Cluster Voting Disk configuration...

Oracle Cluster Voting Disk configuration check passed   
Time zone consistency check passed

Starting Clock synchronization checks using Network Time Protocol(NTP)...

NTP Configuration file check started...   
NTP Configuration file check passed    
No NTP Daemons or Services were found to be running    
PRVF-5507 : NTP daemon or service is not running on any node but NTP configuration file exists on the following node(s):    
db2,db1    
Clock synchronization check using Network Time Protocol(NTP) failed


User "grid" is not part of "root" group. Check passed    
Checking consistency of file "/etc/resolv.conf" across nodes

File "/etc/resolv.conf" does not have both domain and search entries defined   
domain entry in file "/etc/resolv.conf" is consistent across nodes    
search entry in file "/etc/resolv.conf" is consistent across nodes    
PRVF-5636 : The DNS response time for an unreachable node exceeded "15000" ms on following nodes: db1,db2

File "/etc/resolv.conf" is not consistent across nodes


Checking integrity of name service switch configuration file "/etc/nsswitch.conf" ...    
Check for integrity of name service switch configuration file "/etc/nsswitch.conf" passed

Checking VIP configuration.   
Checking VIP Subnet configuration.    
Check for VIP Subnet configuration passed.    
Checking VIP reachability    
Check for VIP reachability passed.

Pre-check for node addition was unsuccessful on all the nodes.    
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 4031 MB    Passed   
Oracle Universal Installer, Version 11.2.0.4.0 Production    
Copyright (C) 1999, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.


Performing tests to see whether nodes db2 are available    
............................................................... 100% Done.

.   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------    
Cluster Node Addition Summary    
Global Settings    
   Source: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid    
   New Nodes    
Space Requirements    
   New Nodes    
      db2    
         /: Required 7.34GB : Available 34.97GB    
Installed Products    
   Product Names    
      Oracle Grid Infrastructure 11g 11.2.0.4.0     
      Java Development Kit 1.5.0.51.10     
      Installer SDK Component 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle One-Off Patch Installer 11.2.0.3.4     
      Oracle Universal Installer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle RAC Required Support Files-HAS 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle USM Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Configuration Manager Deconfiguration 10.3.1.0.0     
      Enterprise Manager Common Core Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Oracle DBCA Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle RAC Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Quality of Service Management (Server) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Installation Plugin Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Universal Storage Manager Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Text Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Automatic Storage Management Assistant 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database 11g Multimedia Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Java Advanced Imaging 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Globalization Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Locator RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Core Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Bali Share 1.1.18.0.0     
      Oracle Database Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Quality of Service Management (Client) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Expat libraries 2.0.1.0.1     
      Oracle Containers for Java 11.2.0.4.0     
      Perl Modules 5.10.0.0.1     
      Secure Socket Layer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JDBC/OCI Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Client Option 11.2.0.4.0     
      LDAP Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Character Set Migration Utility 11.2.0.4.0     
      Perl Interpreter 5.10.0.0.2     
      PL/SQL Embedded Gateway 11.2.0.4.0     
      OLAP SQL Scripts 11.2.0.4.0     
      Database SQL Scripts 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Extended Windowing Toolkit 3.4.47.0.0     
      SSL Required Support Files for InstantClient 11.2.0.4.0     
      SQL*Plus Files for Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Net Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database User Interface 2.2.13.0.0     
      RDBMS Required Support Files for Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      RDBMS Required Support Files Runtime 11.2.0.4.0     
      XML Parser for Java 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Security Developer Tools 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Wallet Manager 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Manager plugin Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Platform Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JFC Extended Windowing Toolkit 4.2.36.0.0     
      RDBMS Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Ice Browser 5.2.3.6.0     
      Oracle Help For Java 4.2.9.0.0     
      Enterprise Manager Common Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Deinstallation Tool 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Java Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Cluster Verification Utility Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Notification Service (eONS) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle LDAP administration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Cluster Verification Utility Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Clusterware RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Locale Builder 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Globalization Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      Buildtools Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      HAS Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      SQL*Plus Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      XDK Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Agent Required Support Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Parser Generator Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Precompiler Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Installation Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JDBC/THIN Interfaces 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Locator 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia 11.2.0.4.0     
      Assistant Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Net 11.2.0.4.0     
      PL/SQL 11.2.0.4.0     
      HAS Files for DB 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Recovery Manager 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Utilities 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Notification Service 11.2.0.3.0     
      SQL*Plus 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Netca Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Advanced Security 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JVM 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Internet Directory Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Net Listener 11.2.0.4.0     
      Cluster Ready Services Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database 11g 11.2.0.4.0     
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Instantiating scripts for add node (Wednesday, December 30, 2015 11:31:50 AM CST)   
.                                                                 1% Done.    
Instantiation of add node scripts complete

Copying to remote nodes (Wednesday, December 30, 2015 11:31:54 AM CST)   
...............................................................................................                                 96% Done.    
Home copied to new nodes

Saving inventory on nodes (Wednesday, December 30, 2015 11:36:18 AM CST)   
.                                                               100% Done.    
Save inventory complete    
WARNING:A new inventory has been created on one or more nodes in this session. However, it has not yet been registered as the central inventory of this system.     
To register the new inventory please run the script at '/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh' with root privileges on nodes 'db2'.    
If you do not register the inventory, you may not be able to update or patch the products you installed.    
The following configuration scripts need to be executed as the "root" user in each new cluster node. Each script in the list below is followed by a list of nodes.    
/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh #On nodes db2    
/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh #On nodes db2    
To execute the configuration scripts:    
    1. Open a terminal window    
    2. Log in as "root"    
    3. Run the scripts in each cluster node    
    
The Cluster Node Addition of /u01/app/11.2.0/grid was successful.    
Please check '/tmp/silentInstall.log' for more details.

根据提示在节点2执行如下脚本:

[root@db2 ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh    
Creating the Oracle inventory pointer file (/etc/oraInst.loc)    
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.    
Adding read,write permissions for group.    
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.   
The execution of the script is complete.


[root@db2 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh    
Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g

The following environment variables are set as:   
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid    
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:    
The contents of "dbhome" have not changed. No need to overwrite.    
The contents of "oraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.    
The contents of "coraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.


Creating /etc/oratab file...    
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by    
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created    
Finished running generic part of root script.    
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.    
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params    
Creating trace directory    
User ignored Prerequisites during installation    
Installing Trace File Analyzer    
OLR initialization - successful    
Adding Clusterware entries to upstart    
CRS-4402: The CSS daemon was started in exclusive mode but found an active CSS daemon on node db1, number 1, and is terminating    
An active cluster was found during exclusive startup, restarting to join the cluster    
clscfg: EXISTING configuration version 5 detected.    
clscfg: version 5 is 11g Release 2.    
Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.    
Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..    
Operation successful.    
Preparing packages for installation...    
cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1    
Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded    
查看grid启动情况:

image


5. 以oracle用户登录

以oracle静默方式 完成oracle节点添加   
# su - oracle    
$ORACLE_HOME/oui/bin/addNode.sh -silent "CLUSTER_NEW_NODES={db2}"


Performing pre-checks for node addition

Checking node reachability...   
Node reachability check passed from node "db1"


Checking user equivalence...    
User equivalence check passed for user "oracle"

WARNING:    
Node "db2" already appears to be part of cluster

Pre-check for node addition was successful.    
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 4031 MB    Passed   
Oracle Universal Installer, Version 11.2.0.4.0 Production    
Copyright (C) 1999, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.


Performing tests to see whether nodes db2 are available    
............................................................... 100% Done.

.   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------    
Cluster Node Addition Summary    
Global Settings    
   Source: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1    
   New Nodes    
Space Requirements    
   New Nodes    
      db2    
         /: Required 4.94GB : Available 28.56GB    
Installed Products    
   Product Names    
      Oracle Database 11g 11.2.0.4.0     
      Java Development Kit 1.5.0.51.10     
      Installer SDK Component 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle One-Off Patch Installer 11.2.0.3.4     
      Oracle Universal Installer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle USM Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Configuration Manager Deconfiguration 10.3.1.0.0     
      Oracle DBCA Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle RAC Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Configuration Manager Client 10.3.2.1.0     
      Oracle Configuration Manager 10.3.8.1.0     
      Oracle ODBC Driverfor Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      LDAP Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      SSL Required Support Files for InstantClient 11.2.0.4.0     
      Bali Share 1.1.18.0.0     
      Oracle Extended Windowing Toolkit 3.4.47.0.0     
      Oracle JFC Extended Windowing Toolkit 4.2.36.0.0     
      Oracle Real Application Testing 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Vault J2EE Application 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Label Security 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Data Mining RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle OLAP RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle OLAP API 11.2.0.4.0     
      Platform Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Vault option 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle RAC Required Support Files-HAS 11.2.0.4.0     
      SQL*Plus Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Display Fonts 9.0.2.0.0     
      Oracle Ice Browser 5.2.3.6.0     
      Oracle JDBC Server Support Package 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle SQL Developer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Application Express 11.2.0.4.0     
      XDK Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      RDBMS Required Support Files for Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      SQLJ Runtime 11.2.0.4.0     
      Database Workspace Manager 11.2.0.4.0     
      RDBMS Required Support Files Runtime 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Globalization Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      Exadata Storage Server 11.2.0.1.0     
      Provisioning Advisor Framework 10.2.0.4.3     
      Enterprise Manager Database Plugin -- Repository Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Manager Repository Core Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Enterprise Manager Database Plugin -- Agent Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Manager Grid Control Core Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Enterprise Manager Common Core Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Enterprise Manager Agent Core Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      RDBMS Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      regexp 2.1.9.0.0     
      Agent Required Support Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Oracle 11g Warehouse Builder Required Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Notification Service (eONS) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Text Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Parser Generator Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database 11g Multimedia Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Java Advanced Imaging 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Annotator 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JDBC/OCI Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Locator RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Precompiler Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Core Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Sample Schema Data 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Starter Database 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Message Gateway Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle XML Query 11.2.0.4.0     
      XML Parser for Oracle JVM 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Help For Java 4.2.9.0.0     
      Installation Plugin Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Manager Common Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Expat libraries 2.0.1.0.1     
      Deinstallation Tool 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Quality of Service Management (Client) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Perl Modules 5.10.0.0.1     
      JAccelerator (COMPANION) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Containers for Java 11.2.0.4.0     
      Perl Interpreter 5.10.0.0.2     
      Oracle Net Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Secure Socket Layer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Universal Connection Pool 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JDBC/THIN Interfaces 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Client Option 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Java Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Character Set Migration Utility 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Code Editor 1.2.1.0.0I     
      PL/SQL Embedded Gateway 11.2.0.4.0     
      OLAP SQL Scripts 11.2.0.4.0     
      Database SQL Scripts 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Locale Builder 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Globalization Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      SQL*Plus Files for Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database User Interface 2.2.13.0.0     
      Oracle ODBC Driver 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Notification Service 11.2.0.3.0     
      XML Parser for Java 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Security Developer Tools 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Wallet Manager 11.2.0.4.0     
      Cluster Verification Utility Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Clusterware RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle UIX 2.2.24.6.0     
      Enterprise Manager plugin Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      HAS Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Precompiler Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Installation Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Help for the  Web 2.0.14.0.0     
      Oracle LDAP administration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Buildtools Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Assistant Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Recovery Manager 11.2.0.4.0     
      PL/SQL 11.2.0.4.0     
      Generic Connectivity Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Gateway for ODBC 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Programmer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Utilities 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Manager Agent 10.2.0.4.5     
      SQL*Plus 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Netca Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Locator 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Call Interface (OCI) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Net 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle XML Development Kit 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Internet Directory Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Database Configuration and Upgrade Assistants 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JVM 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Advanced Security 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Net Listener 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB 11.2.0.4.0     
      HAS Files for DB 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Text 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Net Services 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database 11g 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle OLAP 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Spatial 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Partitioning 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Edition Options 11.2.0.4.0     
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Instantiating scripts for add node (Wednesday, December 30, 2015 11:52:47 AM CST)    
.                                                                 1% Done.    
Instantiation of add node scripts complete

Copying to remote nodes (Wednesday, December 30, 2015 11:52:51 AM CST)   
...............................................................................................                                 96% Done.    
Home copied to new nodes

Saving inventory on nodes (Wednesday, December 30, 2015 11:58:27 AM CST)   
.                                                               100% Done.    
Save inventory complete    
WARNING:    
The following configuration scripts need to be executed as the "root" user in each new cluster node. Each script in the list below is followed by a list of nodes.    
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/root.sh #On nodes db2    
To execute the configuration scripts:    
    1. Open a terminal window    
    2. Log in as "root"    
    3. Run the scripts in each cluster node    
    
The Cluster Node Addition of /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1 was successful.    
Please check '/tmp/silentInstall.log' for more details.

在节点2下执行。  

image

 

6. db1上以oracle用户登录dbca 完成orinstance添加

# su - oracle   
$ dbca -silent -addInstance -nodeList db2 -gdbName orcl -instanceName orcl2 -sysDBAUserName sys -sysDBAPassword oracle123

注:nodelist为主机名,instanceName为实例名,gdbName为集群数据库名

Performing pre-checks for node addition

Checking node reachability...   
Node reachability check passed from node "db1"


Checking user equivalence...    
User equivalence check passed for user "oracle"

WARNING:    
Node "db2" already appears to be part of cluster

Pre-check for node addition was successful.    
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 4031 MB    Passed   
Oracle Universal Installer, Version 11.2.0.4.0 Production    
Copyright (C) 1999, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.


Performing tests to see whether nodes db2 are available    
............................................................... 100% Done.

.   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------    
Cluster Node Addition Summary    
Global Settings    
   Source: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1    
   New Nodes    
Space Requirements    
   New Nodes    
      db2    
         /: Required 4.94GB : Available 28.56GB    
Installed Products    
   Product Names    
      Oracle Database 11g 11.2.0.4.0     
      Java Development Kit 1.5.0.51.10     
      Installer SDK Component 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle One-Off Patch Installer 11.2.0.3.4     
      Oracle Universal Installer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle USM Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Configuration Manager Deconfiguration 10.3.1.0.0     
      Oracle DBCA Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle RAC Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Deconfiguration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Configuration Manager Client 10.3.2.1.0     
      Oracle Configuration Manager 10.3.8.1.0     
      Oracle ODBC Driverfor Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      LDAP Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      SSL Required Support Files for InstantClient 11.2.0.4.0     
      Bali Share 1.1.18.0.0     
      Oracle Extended Windowing Toolkit 3.4.47.0.0     
      Oracle JFC Extended Windowing Toolkit 4.2.36.0.0     
      Oracle Real Application Testing 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Vault J2EE Application 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Label Security 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Data Mining RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle OLAP RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle OLAP API 11.2.0.4.0     
      Platform Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Vault option 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle RAC Required Support Files-HAS 11.2.0.4.0     
      SQL*Plus Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Display Fonts 9.0.2.0.0     
      Oracle Ice Browser 5.2.3.6.0     
      Oracle JDBC Server Support Package 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle SQL Developer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Application Express 11.2.0.4.0     
      XDK Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      RDBMS Required Support Files for Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      SQLJ Runtime 11.2.0.4.0     
      Database Workspace Manager 11.2.0.4.0     
      RDBMS Required Support Files Runtime 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Globalization Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      Exadata Storage Server 11.2.0.1.0     
      Provisioning Advisor Framework 10.2.0.4.3     
      Enterprise Manager Database Plugin -- Repository Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Manager Repository Core Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Enterprise Manager Database Plugin -- Agent Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Manager Grid Control Core Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Enterprise Manager Common Core Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Enterprise Manager Agent Core Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      RDBMS Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      regexp 2.1.9.0.0     
      Agent Required Support Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Oracle 11g Warehouse Builder Required Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Notification Service (eONS) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Text Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Parser Generator Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database 11g Multimedia Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Java Advanced Imaging 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Annotator 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JDBC/OCI Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Locator RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Precompiler Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Core Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Sample Schema Data 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Starter Database 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Message Gateway Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle XML Query 11.2.0.4.0     
      XML Parser for Oracle JVM 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Help For Java 4.2.9.0.0     
      Installation Plugin Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Manager Common Files 10.2.0.4.5     
      Expat libraries 2.0.1.0.1     
      Deinstallation Tool 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Quality of Service Management (Client) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Perl Modules 5.10.0.0.1     
      JAccelerator (COMPANION) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Containers for Java 11.2.0.4.0     
      Perl Interpreter 5.10.0.0.2     
      Oracle Net Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Secure Socket Layer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Universal Connection Pool 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JDBC/THIN Interfaces 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Client Option 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Java Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Character Set Migration Utility 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Code Editor 1.2.1.0.0I     
      PL/SQL Embedded Gateway 11.2.0.4.0     
      OLAP SQL Scripts 11.2.0.4.0     
      Database SQL Scripts 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Locale Builder 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Globalization Support 11.2.0.4.0     
      SQL*Plus Files for Instant Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Required Support Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database User Interface 2.2.13.0.0     
      Oracle ODBC Driver 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Notification Service 11.2.0.3.0     
      XML Parser for Java 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Security Developer Tools 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Wallet Manager 11.2.0.4.0     
      Cluster Verification Utility Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Clusterware RDBMS Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle UIX 2.2.24.6.0     
      Enterprise Manager plugin Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      HAS Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Precompiler Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Installation Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Help for the  Web 2.0.14.0.0     
      Oracle LDAP administration 11.2.0.4.0     
      Buildtools Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Assistant Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Recovery Manager 11.2.0.4.0     
      PL/SQL 11.2.0.4.0     
      Generic Connectivity Common Files 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Gateway for ODBC 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Programmer 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database Utilities 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Manager Agent 10.2.0.4.5     
      SQL*Plus 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Netca Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia Locator 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Call Interface (OCI) 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Multimedia 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Net 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle XML Development Kit 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Internet Directory Client 11.2.0.4.0     
      Database Configuration and Upgrade Assistants 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle JVM 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Advanced Security 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Net Listener 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Enterprise Manager Console DB 11.2.0.4.0     
      HAS Files for DB 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Text 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Net Services 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Database 11g 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle OLAP 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Spatial 11.2.0.4.0     
      Oracle Partitioning 11.2.0.4.0     
      Enterprise Edition Options 11.2.0.4.0     
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Instantiating scripts for add node (Wednesday, December 30, 2015 11:52:47 AM CST)    
.                                                                 1% Done.    
Instantiation of add node scripts complete

Copying to remote nodes (Wednesday, December 30, 2015 11:52:51 AM CST)   
...............................................................................................                                 96% Done.    
Home copied to new nodes

Saving inventory on nodes (Wednesday, December 30, 2015 11:58:27 AM CST)   
.                                                               100% Done.    
Save inventory complete    
WARNING:    
The following configuration scripts need to be executed as the "root" user in each new cluster node. Each script in the list below is followed by a list of nodes.    
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/root.sh #On nodes db2    
To execute the configuration scripts:    
    1. Open a terminal window    
    2. Log in as "root"    
    3. Run the scripts in each cluster node    
    
The Cluster Node Addition of /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1 was successful.    
Please check '/tmp/silentInstall.log' for more details.    
[oracle@db1 ~]$     
[oracle@db1 ~]$ id    
uid=502(oracle) gid=501(oinstall) groups=501(oinstall),502(dba),503(oper),506(asmdba)    
[oracle@db1 ~]$ dbca -silent -addInstance -nodeList db2 -gdbName orcl -instanceName orcl2 -sysDBAUserName sys -sysDBAPassword oracle123    
Adding instance    
1% complete    
2% complete    
6% complete    
13% complete    
20% complete    
26% complete    
33% complete    
40% complete    
46% complete    
53% complete    
66% complete    
Completing instance management.    
76% complete    
100% complete    
Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/orcl/orcl.log" for further details.


7. 验证db2节点被添加

在保留的db1节点上:

image

(1)验证数据库是否已添加

[grid@db1 ~]$ crsctl status resource -t   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------    
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------    
Local Resources    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------    
ora.CRS.dg    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.DATA.dg    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.LISTENER.lsnr    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.RECOVERY.dg    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.asm    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Started             
ora.gsd    
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db1                                          
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db2                                          
ora.net1.network    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.ons    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.registry.acfs    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------    
Cluster Resources    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------    
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr    
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.cvu    
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db1.vip    
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.db2.vip    
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                                          
ora.oc4j    
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                          
ora.orcl.db    
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                      Open                
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       db2                      Open                
ora.scan1.vip    
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db1                                

(2)查看活动的实例:

image

到此添加与删除节点操作完毕。


本文转自 koumm 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/koumm/1729915,如需转载请自行联系原作者



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