使用spec与fpm 2种方式进行rpm打包

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简介:

最近分享zabbix与ansible好多,大家看烦了,我也没啥存货了,现在就介绍一下如何进行rpm打包吧。

rpm打包有2个,一个是自己写spec,另外要给是使用ruby的fpm,我个人比较倾向于第二种fpm,这个不需要写spec文件,特简单,不过为了让大家看明白,我分别介绍一下这2款软件是如何进行rpm打包的。

目录

一、使用spec构建rpm

二、使用fpm构建rpm

 

一、使用spec构建rpm

在构架rpm包的时候,需要经过3个过程

1、解压源码包

2、编译环境configure

3、make

然后再使用check install做rpm包

同时如果在安装rpm包的时候,你想查看安装过程可以使用,rpm -qi --scriptsname.rpm查看

如果在构架脚本或者其他非源码包安装的时候,可以使用rpmbild

1、把脚本目录给tar

2、构架spec

3、rpmbuild

注意的完成最终的工作了。请使用根目录用户身份安装rpmbuild命令。在Red Hat中,请用yum install rpm-build完成这项工作。接下来,请确保所有的文件都呆在正确的地方。Tar存档文件必须位于创建软件包的当前用户帐户的~/rpmbuild /SOURCES 目录下,demo.spec文件必须位于~/rpmbuild/SPECS目录下。现在你可以用rpmbuild -ba test.spec命令来创建软件包了。这会在~/rpmbuild/RPMS目录下创建你的RPM文件。

可以参考

http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-05/60278.htm

http://blog.csdn.net/cybertan/article/details/5972935

我做的测试是创建一个test-1.0目录,里有个test.txt文件,内容是this is test

A.创建rpm目录

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mkdir  -p ~ /rpmbuild/ {RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS}

B.创建压缩文件

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16:02:25  # cd ~/rpmbuild/SOURCES/
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:09  # mkdir test-1.0
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:32  # echo "this is test">test-1.0/test.txt
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:43  # tar zcvf test-1.0.tar.gz test-1.0
test -1.0/
test -1.0 /test .txt
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:48  # rm -rf test-1.0
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/SOURCES
16:05:52  # ll
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 160 Aug 15 16:05  test -1.0. tar .gz

C.做spec文件内容如下

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16:06:25  # cat test.spec 
Summary:  Test package  for  dl528888 blog
Name:      test
Version:  1.0
Release:  1
License:  GPL
Group:     test
Source:   %{name}-1.0. tar .gz
BuildRoot:%{_tmppath}/%{name}-%{version}-%{release}-root
Url:      http: //dl528888 .blog.51cto.com
Packager: dl528888
Prefix:   %{_prefix}
Prefix:   %{_sysconfdir}
%define   userpath  /tmp/demo
   
%description
Justa  test  rpm suite.
   
%prep
%setup -c
% install
install  -d $RPM_BUILD_ROOT%{userpath}
cp  -a %{name}* $RPM_BUILD_ROOT%{userpath}
   
%clean
rm  -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT
rm  -rf $RPM_BUILD_DIR/%{name}-%{version}
   
%files
%defattr(-,root,root)
%{userpath}

D.打成rpm包

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16:06:36  # rpmbuild -ba test.spec 
Executing(%prep):  /bin/sh  -e  /var/tmp/rpm-tmp .8B9UHi
umask  022
cd  /root/rpmbuild/BUILD
cd  /root/rpmbuild/BUILD
rm  -rf  test -1.0
/bin/mkdir  -p  test -1.0
cd  test -1.0
/usr/bin/gzip  - dc  /root/rpmbuild/SOURCES/test-1 .0. tar .gz
/bin/tar  -xvvf -
drwxr-xr-x root /root          0 2014-08-15 16:05  test -1.0/
-rw-r--r-- root /root         13 2014-08-15 16:05  test -1.0 /test .txt
+ STATUS=0
'['  0 - ne  ']'
/bin/chmod  -Rf a+rX,u+w,g-w,o-w .
exit  0
Executing(% install ):  /bin/sh  -e  /var/tmp/rpm-tmp .IwUiMh
umask  022
cd  /root/rpmbuild/BUILD
cd  test -1.0
install  -d  /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/test-1 .0-1.x86_64 /tmp/demo
cp  -a  test -1.0  /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/test-1 .0-1.x86_64 /tmp/demo
/usr/lib/rpm/brp-compress
/usr/lib/rpm/brp-strip
/usr/lib/rpm/brp-strip-static-archive
/usr/lib/rpm/brp-strip-comment-note
Processing files:  test -1.0-1.x86_64
Requires(rpmlib): rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1 rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
Checking  for  unpackaged  file (s):  /usr/lib/rpm/check-files  /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/test-1 .0-1.x86_64
warning: Could not canonicalize  hostname : ip-10-10-10-10
Wrote:  /root/rpmbuild/SRPMS/test-1 .0-1.src.rpm
Wrote:  /root/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/test-1 .0-1.x86_64.rpm
Executing(%clean):  /bin/sh  -e  /var/tmp/rpm-tmp .IoNP7f
umask  022
cd  /root/rpmbuild/BUILD
cd  test -1.0
rm  -rf  /root/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/test-1 .0-1.x86_64
rm  -rf  /root/rpmbuild/BUILD/test-1 .0
exit  0

E.查看rpm包

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16:07:24  # cd ~/rpmbuild/RPMS/
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/RPMS
16:07:54  # ll
total 4
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Aug 15 16:07 x86_64
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/RPMS
16:07:54  # cd x86_64/
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:07:58  # ll
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2020 Aug 15 16:07  test -1.0-1.x86_64.rpm
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:07:59  # rpm -qpi test-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm 
Name        :  test                          Relocations:  /usr  /etc 
Version     : 1.0                               Vendor: (none)
Release     : 1                             Build Date: Fri 15 Aug 2014 04:07:24 PM CST
Install Date: (not installed)               Build Host: ip-10-10-10-10
Group       :  test                           Source RPM:  test -1.0-1.src.rpm
Size        : 13                               License: GPL
Signature   : (none)
Packager    : dl528888
URL         : http: //dl528888 .blog.51cto.com
Summary     : Test package  for  dl528888 blog
Description :
Justa  test  rpm suite.

F.安装此rpm包

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16:08:03  # rpm -ivh test-1.0-1.x86_64.rpm 
Preparing...                 ########################################### [100%]
    1: test                    ########################################### [100%]
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:08:49  # ll /tmp/demo/
total 4
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Aug 15 16:08  test -1.0
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:08:58  # ll /tmp/demo/test-1.0/
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 13 Aug 15 16:05  test .txt
root@ip-10-10-10-10:~ /rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
16:09:00  # cat /tmp/demo/test-1.0/test.txt 
this is  test

可以看到安装完成,并在tmp的demo里解压了test-1.0.tar.gz压缩包。

二、使用ruby的fpm构建rpm包

1、centos安装

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yum  install  rpm-build
gem  install  fpm

2、ubuntu安装

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apt-get  install  ruby ruby-dev rubygems
gem  install  fpm

在centos里安装如下

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15:34:53  # yum install rpm-build    
Failed to  set  locale, defaulting to C
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, keys, protectbase
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
  * base: mirrors.btte.net
  * extras: mirrors.btte.net
  * updates: mirrors.btte.net
0 packages excluded due to repository protections
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package rpm-build.x86_64 0:4.8.0-37.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: elfutils >= 0.128  for  package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: xz  for  package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: unzip  for  package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: lzma  for  package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency:  file  for  package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency:  /usr/bin/gdb-add-index  for  package: rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package elfutils.x86_64 0:0.152-1.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: elfutils-libs(x86-64) = 0.152-1.el6  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.149)(64bit)  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.148)(64bit)  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.138)(64bit)  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.127)(64bit)  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.126)(64bit)  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1(ELFUTILS_0.122)(64bit)  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libasm.so.1(ELFUTILS_1.0)(64bit)  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdw.so.1()(64bit)  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libasm.so.1()(64bit)  for  package: elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64
---> Package  file .x86_64 0:5.04-15.el6 will be installed
---> Package gdb.x86_64 0:7.2-60.el6_4.1 will be installed
---> Package unzip.x86_64 0:6.0-1.el6 will be installed
---> Package xz.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6 will be installed
---> Package xz-lzma-compat.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package elfutils-libs.x86_64 0:0.152-1.el6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved
 
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
  Package                                       Arch                                  Version                                                         Repository                           Size
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
  rpm-build                                     x86_64                                4.8.0-37.el6                                                    base                                127 k
Installing  for  dependencies:
  elfutils                                      x86_64                                0.152-1.el6                                                     base                                201 k
  elfutils-libs                                 x86_64                                0.152-1.el6                                                     base                                181 k
  file                                           x86_64                                5.04-15.el6                                                     base                                 46 k
  gdb                                           x86_64                                7.2-60.el6_4.1                                                  base                                2.3 M
  unzip                                         x86_64                                6.0-1.el6                                                       base                                149 k
  xz                                            x86_64                                4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6                                base                                137 k
  xz-lzma-compat                                x86_64                                4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6                                base                                 16 k
 
Transaction Summary
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
Install       8 Package(s)
 
Total download size: 3.1 M
Installed size: 7.4 M
Is this ok [y /N ]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1 /8 ): elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                  | 201 kB     00:00     
(2 /8 ): elfutils-libs-0.152-1.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                             | 181 kB     00:00     
(3 /8 ):  file -5.04-15.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                      |  46 kB     00:00     
(4 /8 ): gdb-7.2-60.el6_4.1.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                    | 2.3 MB     00:06     
(5 /8 ): rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                | 127 kB     00:00     
(6 /8 ): unzip-6.0-1.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                       | 149 kB     00:00     
(7 /8 ): xz-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                   | 137 kB     00:00     
(8 /8 ): xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                       |  16 kB     00:00     
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                                          234 kB /s  | 3.1 MB     00:13     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
   Installing : xz-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                  1 /8 
   Installing : xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                      2 /8 
   Installing :  file -5.04-15.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                     3 /8 
   Installing : gdb-7.2-60.el6_4.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                   4 /8 
   Installing : elfutils-libs-0.152-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                            5 /8 
   Installing : elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                 6 /8 
   Installing : unzip-6.0-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                      7 /8 
   Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                               8 /8 
   Verifying  : unzip-6.0-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                      1 /8 
   Verifying  : xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                      2 /8 
   Verifying  : elfutils-libs-0.152-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                            3 /8 
   Verifying  : gdb-7.2-60.el6_4.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                   4 /8 
   Verifying  : elfutils-0.152-1.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                 5 /8 
   Verifying  : rpm-build-4.8.0-37.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                               6 /8 
   Verifying  :  file -5.04-15.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                     7 /8 
   Verifying  : xz-4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                  8 /8 
 
Installed:
   rpm-build.x86_64 0:4.8.0-37.el6                                                                                                                                                              
 
Dependency Installed:
   elfutils.x86_64 0:0.152-1.el6                 elfutils-libs.x86_64 0:0.152-1.el6                         file .x86_64 0:5.04-15.el6  gdb.x86_64 0:7.2-60.el6_4.1  unzip.x86_64 0:6.0-1.el6 
   xz.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6  xz-lzma-compat.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.3.beta.20091007git.el6 
 
Complete!
 
15:35:21  # gem install fpm
/usr/local/ruby-1 .9.3 /lib/ruby/1 .9.1 /yaml .rb:56: in  `< top  (required)>':
It seems your ruby installation is missing psych ( for  YAML output).
To eliminate this warning, please  install  libyaml and reinstall your ruby.
Fetching: json-1.8.1.gem (100%)
Building native extensions.  This could take a  while ...
Fetching: cabin-0.6.1.gem (100%)
Fetching: backports-3.6.0.gem (100%)
Fetching: arr-pm-0.0.9.gem (100%)
Fetching: clamp-0.6.3.gem (100%)
Fetching: ffi-1.9.3.gem (100%)
Building native extensions.  This could take a  while ...
Fetching: childprocess-0.5.3.gem (100%)
Fetching: fpm-1.1.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed json-1.8.1
Successfully installed cabin-0.6.1
Successfully installed backports-3.6.0
Successfully installed arr-pm-0.0.9
Successfully installed clamp-0.6.3
Successfully installed ffi-1.9.3
Successfully installed childprocess-0.5.3
Successfully installed fpm-1.1.0
8 gems installed
Installing ri documentation  for  json-1.8.1...
Installing ri documentation  for  cabin-0.6.1...
Installing ri documentation  for  backports-3.6.0...
unable to convert U+00E9 from UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  lib /backports/force/string_length .rb, skipping
unable to convert U+00E9 from UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  lib /backports/1 .9.2 /stdlib/matrix .rb, skipping
Installing ri documentation  for  arr-pm-0.0.9...
Installing ri documentation  for  clamp-0.6.3...
Installing ri documentation  for  ffi-1.9.3...
unable to convert  "\xE2"  to UTF-8  in  conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  lib /ffi/library .rb, skipping
Enclosing class /module  'moduleFFI'  for  class StructByValue not known
Enclosing class /module  'moduleFFI'  for  class StructLayout not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Field not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Number not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class String not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Pointer not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Function not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Array not known
Enclosing class /module  'moduleFFI'  for  module LastError not known
Enclosing class /module  'moduleFFI'  for  class MemoryPointer not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class CharArray not known
Enclosing class /module  "rbffi_StructLayoutCharArrayClass"  for  alias  to_str to_s not known
unable to convert  "\xC3"  to UTF-8  in  conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  ext /ffi_c/libffi/ChangeLog , skipping
unable to convert  "\xC3"  to UTF-8  in  conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  ext /ffi_c/libffi/README , skipping
Installing ri documentation  for  childprocess-0.5.3...
Installing ri documentation  for  fpm-1.1.0...
Installing RDoc documentation  for  json-1.8.1...
Installing RDoc documentation  for  cabin-0.6.1...
Installing RDoc documentation  for  backports-3.6.0...
unable to convert U+00E9 from UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  lib /backports/force/string_length .rb, skipping
unable to convert U+00E9 from UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  lib /backports/1 .9.2 /stdlib/matrix .rb, skipping
Installing RDoc documentation  for  arr-pm-0.0.9...
Installing RDoc documentation  for  clamp-0.6.3...
Installing RDoc documentation  for  ffi-1.9.3...
unable to convert  "\xE2"  to UTF-8  in  conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  lib /ffi/library .rb, skipping
Enclosing class /module  'moduleFFI'  for  class StructByValue not known
Enclosing class /module  'moduleFFI'  for  class StructLayout not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Field not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Number not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class String not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Pointer not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Function not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class Array not known
Enclosing class /module  'moduleFFI'  for  module LastError not known
Enclosing class /module  'moduleFFI'  for  class MemoryPointer not known
Enclosing class /module  'rbffi_StructLayoutClass'  for  class CharArray not known
Enclosing class /module  "rbffi_StructLayoutCharArrayClass"  for  alias  to_str to_s not known
unable to convert  "\xC3"  to UTF-8  in  conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  ext /ffi_c/libffi/ChangeLog , skipping
unable to convert  "\xC3"  to UTF-8  in  conversion from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 to US-ASCII  for  ext /ffi_c/libffi/README , skipping
Installing RDoc documentation  for  childprocess-0.5.3...
Installing RDoc documentation  for  fpm-1.1.0...
15:45:31  # find / -name "fpm"
/usr/local/ruby-1 .9.3 /lib/ruby/gems/1 .9.1 /doc/fpm-1 .1.0 /rdoc/lib/fpm
/usr/local/ruby-1 .9.3 /lib/ruby/gems/1 .9.1 /gems/fpm-1 .1.0 /lib/fpm
/usr/local/ruby-1 .9.3 /lib/ruby/gems/1 .9.1 /gems/fpm-1 .1.0 /bin/fpm
/usr/local/ruby-1 .9.3 /bin/fpm
/usr/local/php-5 .3.10 /share/php/fpm
root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
15:45:46  # ln  /usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/bin/fpm /usr/bin/fpm

下面是安装脚本内容

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16:10:45 # cat install_for_rpm.sh 
#!/bin/bash
mkdir /tmp/fpm
echo "this is test for rpm"  > /tmp/fpm/test .txt

下面是在进行rpm安装的时候,安装后运行的脚本

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root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
16:10:48 # cat run_rpm.sh 
#!/bin/bash
/bin/bash/tmp/install_for_rpm .sh

也就是说,rpm包安装后,会运行我这个run_rpm.sh脚本,然后这个脚本会运行install_for_fpm.sh脚本

下面是打包过程

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root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
16:13:21  # fpm -s dir --prefix /tmp/ -t rpm -n test_rpm --verbose --version '2014'  --iteration '1.0'   --vendor '244979152@qq.com' --category 'Development/test'   --description 'Rpm  Install' --url 'qq.com' --license 'BSD' -m 'denglei' --after-install run_rpm.sh install_for_rpm.sh              
/usr/local/ruby-1 .9.3 /lib/ruby/1 .9.1 /yaml .rb:56: in  `< top  (required)>':
It seems your ruby installation is missing psych ( for  YAML output).
To eliminate this warning, please  install  libyaml and reinstall your ruby.
Setting from flags: category=Development /test  {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: description=Rpm  Install {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: epoch= {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: iteration=1.0 {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: license=BSD {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: maintainer=denglei {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: name=test_rpm {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: url=qq.com {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: vendor=244979152@qq.com {:level=>:info}
Setting from flags: version=2014 {:level=>:info}
Converting  dir  to rpm {:level=>:info}
no value  for  epoch is  set , defaulting to nil {:level=>:warn}
Reading template {:path=> "/usr/local/ruby-1.9.3/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/fpm-1.1.0/templates/rpm.erb" , :level=>:info}
no value  for  epoch is  set , defaulting to nil {:level=>:warn}
Running rpmbuild {:args=>[ "rpmbuild" "-bb" "--define" "buildroot /tmp/package-rpm-build20140704-5378-1sbkpgd/BUILD" "--define" "_topdir /tmp/package-rpm-build20140704-5378-1sbkpgd" "--define" "_sourcedir /tmp/package-rpm-build20140704-5378-1sbkpgd" "--define" "_rpmdir /tmp/package-rpm-build20140704-5378-1sbkpgd/RPMS" "/tmp/package-rpm-build20140704-5378-1sbkpgd/SPECS/test_rpm.spec" ], :level=>:info}
Executing(%prep):  /bin/sh  -e  /var/tmp/rpm-tmp .w21bbk {:level=>:info}
Executing(%build):  /bin/sh  -e  /var/tmp/rpm-tmp .FNduT3 {:level=>:info}
Executing(% install ):  /bin/sh  -e  /var/tmp/rpm-tmp .Cdf5BN {:level=>:info}
Processing files: test_rpm-2014-1.0.x86_64 {:level=>:info}
Wrote:  /tmp/package-rpm-build20140704-5378-1sbkpgd/RPMS/x86_64/test_rpm-2014-1 .0.x86_64.rpm {:level=>:info}
Executing(%clean):  /bin/sh  -e  /var/tmp/rpm-tmp .mv993g {:level=>:info}
Created package {:path=> "test_rpm-2014-1.0.x86_64.rpm" }
16:05:47 # ll /root/
total8
-rw-r--r--1 root root   74 Jul  4 16:02 install_for_rpm.sh
-rw-r--r--1 root root 1709 Jul  4 16:05 test_rpm-2014-1.0.x86_64.rpm

可以看到,有个rpm文件生产,名字是test_rpm-2014-1.0.x86_64.rpm

下面安装rpm的过程

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16:14:21 # ll /tmp/
total96
lrwxrwxrwx1 root root    30 Jul  3 13:29 mysql.sock -> /data/mysql/datadir/mysql .sock
drwxr-xr-x2 root root  4096 Jul  4 16:12 root
-rw-------1 root root   256 Jun  5 10:17 tmp.GbE4cEGjO7
-rw-------1 root root 32379 Jul  3 17:27 yum_save_tx-2014-07-03-17-27UiVNzL.yumtx
-rw-------1 root root 27578 Jul  3 17:29 yum_save_tx-2014-07-03-17-29nffpfF.yumtx
-rw-------1 root root 27578 Jul  3 17:41 yum_save_tx-2014-07-03-17-41S1tFIE.yumtx

可以看到tmp目录里没有fpm目录,现在开始安装

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root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
16:14:24  # rpm -ivh test_rpm-2014-1.0.x86_64.rpm 
Preparing...                 ########################################### [100%]
    1:test_rpm                ########################################### [100%]
root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
16:14:27  # ll /tmp/
total 104
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 Jul  4 16:14 fpm
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    74 Jul  4 16:14 install_for_rpm.sh
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root    30 Jul  3 13:29 mysql.sock ->  /data/mysql/datadir/mysql .sock
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 Jul  4 16:12 root
-rw------- 1 root root   256 Jun  5 10:17 tmp.GbE4cEGjO7
-rw------- 1 root root 32379 Jul  3 17:27 yum_save_tx-2014-07-03-17-27UiVNzL.yumtx
-rw------- 1 root root 27578 Jul  3 17:29 yum_save_tx-2014-07-03-17-29nffpfF.yumtx
-rw------- 1 root root 27578 Jul  3 17:41 yum_save_tx-2014-07-03-17-41S1tFIE.yumtx
root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
16:14:29  # ll /tmp/fpm/
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 21 Jul  4 16:14  test .txt
root@e3d3e87fbfd7:~
16:15:00  # cat /tmp/fpm/test.txt 
this is  test  for  rpm

可以看到安装后,tmp目录有了fpm目录,并且这个目录里有了test.txt文件。

rpm打包完成后,你可以使用ansible或者salt等软件来进行配置管理,或者你可以自己弄个本地yum源,rpm包放到yum源里让其他人下载也行,本文没有介绍太深入知识,只是个普及,所以有那块不懂的可以自行网上寻找。






 本文转自 reinxu 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/dl528888/1540312,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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