开发者社区> 科技小先锋> 正文

centos5.3搭建安全高效的LNMP服务器

简介:
+关注继续查看
操作系统基于centos 5.3
#!/bin/bash
# BY kerryhu
# QQ:263205768
# MAIL:king_819@163.com
# BLOG:http://kerry.blog.51cto.com
# Please manual operation yum of before Operation.....
# yum install ntp vim-enhanced gcc gcc-c++ flex bison autoconf \
# automake bzip2-devel ncurses-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel \
# libtiff-devel freetype-devel pam-devel kernel netconfig
#============================更新系统时间===========================================
yum install ntp
ntpdate time.nist.gov
crontab -e 
00 01 * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate time.nist.gov
#============================安装开源组件===========================================
sudo -s
LANG=C
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers
#============================下载安装包=============================================
cd /opt
wget 
http://sysoev.ru/nginx/nginx-0.8.34.tar.gz
wget http://www.php.net/get/php-5.2.13.tar.gz/from/this/mirror
wget http://php-fpm.org/downloads/php-5.2.13-fpm-0.5.13.diff.gz
wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/mysql/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.2-m2.tar.gz
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.13.tar.gz
wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz?modtime=1171868460&big_mirror=0"
wget "
http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz?modtime=1194463373&big_mirror=0"
wget 
http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-2.2.5.tgz
wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mhash/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz?modtime=1175740843&big_mirror=0"
wget 
ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.01.tar.gz
wget http://bart.eaccelerator.net/source/0.9.6/eaccelerator-0.9.6.tar.bz2
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
wget http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/imagick/ImageMagick.tar.gz
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/imagick-2.3.0.tgz
#============================编译安装php所需的支持库=================================
cd /opt
tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make;make install
cd ../
tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz 
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make;make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make;make install
cd ../../
tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make;make install
cd ../
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make;make install
cd ../
#=============================编译安装MySQL 5.5.2-m2=========================
cd /opt
mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql
useradd mysql -d /usr/local/mysql -s /sbin/nologin
tar zxvf mysql-5.5.2-m2.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.5.2-m2/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql/ --enable-assembler --with-extra-charsets=complex --enable-thread-safe-client --with-big-tables --with-readline --with-ssl --with-embedded-server --enable-local-infile --with-plugins=partition,innobase,myisammrg
make;make install
chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/
mkdir -p /data/mysql/data
mkdir -p /data/mysql/binlog
mkdir -p /data/mysql/relaylog
mkdir -p /data/mysql/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql/data --user=mysql
#编辑mysql配置文件
vi /data/mysql/my.cnf
[client]
character-set-server = utf8
port    = 3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock
[mysqld]
character-set-server = utf8
replicate-ignore-db = mysql
replicate-ignore-db = test
replicate-ignore-db = information_schema
user    = mysql
port    = 3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql/data
log-error = /data/mysql/mysql_error.log
pid-file = /data/mysql/mysql.pid
open_files_limit    = 10240
back_log = 600
max_connections = 5000
max_connect_errors = 6000
table_cache = 614
external-locking = FALSE
max_allowed_packet = 32M
sort_buffer_size = 1M
join_buffer_size = 1M
thread_cache_size = 300
thread_concurrency = 8
query_cache_size = 512M
query_cache_limit = 2M
query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k
default-storage-engine = MyISAM
thread_stack = 192K
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
tmp_table_size = 246M
max_heap_table_size = 246M
long_query_time = 3
log-slave-updates
log-bin = /data/mysql/binlog/binlog
binlog_cache_size = 4M
binlog_format = MIXED
max_binlog_cache_size = 8M
max_binlog_size = 100M
relay-log-index = /data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log-info-file = /data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log = /data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog
expire_logs_days = 30
key_buffer_size = 256M
read_buffer_size = 1M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
myisam_recover
interactive_timeout = 120
wait_timeout = 120
skip-name-resolve
master-connect-retry = 10
slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396
#master-host     =   192.168.1.2
#master-user     =   username
#master-password =   password
#master-port     =  3306
server-id = 1
innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend
innodb_file_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 8
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M
innodb_log_file_size = 128M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
innodb_file_per_table = 0
#log-slow-queries = /data/mysql/slow.log
#long_query_time = 10
[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M
#设置mysql启动文件
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld 
sed -i 's#basedir=#basedir=/usr/local/mysql#' /data/mysql/my.cnf
sed -i 's#datadir=#datadir=/data/mysql/data#' /data/mysql/my.cnf   
chmod 700 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld start
chkconfig --add mysqld 
chkconfig --level 2345 mysqld on
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /sbin/mysql 
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin /sbin/mysqladmin
#设置root密码(1q2w3e)
mysqladmin -u root password 1q2w3e
#配置库文件搜索路径
echo "/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql" >> /etc/ld.so.conf
ldconfig
#添加/usr/local/mysql/bin到环境变量PATH中
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin
#添加mysql管理帐户
mysql -h localhost -u root -p1q2w3e
msqyl> use mysql;
msqyl> grant all on *.* to 
'kerry'@'172.16.16.150' identified by 'kerry1q2w3e';
msqyl> flush privileges; 
msqyl> exit;

#==========================编译安装PHP(FastCGI模式)===============================
#编译安装php-5.2.13
cd /opt
tar zxvf php-5.2.13.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.13-fpm-0.5.13.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.13 -p1
cd php-5.2.13/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../
#编译安装PHP5扩展模块
tar zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make;make install
cd ../
tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make;make install
cd ../
tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql
make;make install
cd ../
tar zxvf ImageMagick.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/
./configure
make;make install
cd ../
tar zxvf imagick-2.3.0.tgz
cd imagick-2.3.0/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make;make install
cd ../

#手动修改php.ini文件
    手工修改:查找/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini中的extension_dir = "./"
修改为extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"
并在此行后增加以下几行,然后保存:
extension = "memcache.so"
extension = "pdo_mysql.so"
extension = "imagick.so"
  再查找output_buffering = Off
修改为output_buffering = On
#自动修改php.ini文件
sed -i 's#extension_dir = "./"#extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"\nextension = "memcache.so"\nextension = "pdo_mysql.so"\nextension = "imagick.so"\n#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s#; always_populate_raw_post_data = On#always_populate_raw_post_data = On#g" /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
#配置eAccelerator加速PHP:
mkdir -p /usr/local/eaccelerator_cache
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
[eaccelerator]
zend_extension="/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so"
eaccelerator.shm_size="64"
eaccelerator.cache_dir="/usr/local/eaccelerator_cache"
eaccelerator.enable="1"
eaccelerator.optimizer="1"
eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"
eaccelerator.debug="0"
eaccelerator.filter=""
eaccelerator.shm_max="0"
eaccelerator.shm_ttl="3600"
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="3600"
eaccelerator.shm_only="0"
eaccelerator.compress="1"
eaccelerator.compress_level="9"
#创建www用户和组,以及供blog.56diy.com和www.56diy.com两个虚拟主机使用的目录:
groupadd www
useradd -g www -s /sbin/nologin www
mkdir -p /data/www/blog.56diy.com
chmod +w /data/www/blog.56diy.com
chown -R www:www /data/www/blog.56diy.com
mkdir -p /data/www/www.56diy.com
chmod +w /data/www/www.56diy.com
chown -R www:www /data/www/www.56diy.com
#创建php-fpm配置文件(php-fpm是为PHP打的一个FastCGI管理补丁,可以平滑变更php.ini配置而无需重启php-cgi):
mv /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.bak
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
#//输入以下内容(如果您安装 Nginx + PHP 用于程序调试,请将以下的<value name="display_errors">0</value>改为<value name="display_errors">1</value>,以便显示PHP错误信息,否则,Nginx 会报状态为500的空白错误页):
<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<configuration>
  All relative paths in this config are relative to php's install prefix
  <section name="global_options">
    Pid file
    <value name="pid_file">/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.pid</value>
    Error log file
    <value name="error_log">/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.log</value>
    Log level
    <value name="log_level">notice</value>
    When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS ...
    <value name="emergency_restart_threshold">10</value>
    ... in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be initiated.
    Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator's shared memory.
    <value name="emergency_restart_interval">1m</value>
    Time limit on waiting child's reaction on signals from master
    <value name="process_control_timeout">5s</value>
    Set to 'no' to debug fpm
    <value name="daemonize">yes</value>
  </section>
  <workers>
    <section name="pool">
      Name of pool. Used in logs and stats.
      <value name="name">default</value>
      Address to accept fastcgi requests on.
      Valid syntax is 'ip.ad.re.ss:port' or just 'port' or '/path/to/unix/socket'
      <value name="listen_address">127.0.0.1:9000</value>
      <value name="listen_options">
        Set listen(2) backlog
        <value name="backlog">-1</value>
        Set permissions for unix socket, if one used.
        In Linux read/write permissions must be set in order to allow connections from web server.
        Many BSD-derrived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.
        <value name="owner"></value>
        <value name="group"></value>
        <value name="mode">0666</value>
      </value>
      Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers.
      <value name="php_defines">
        <value name="sendmail_path">/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i</value>
        <value name="display_errors">0</value>
      </value>
      Unix user of processes
      <value name="user">www</value>
      Unix group of processes
      <value name="group">www</value>
      Process manager settings
      <value name="pm">
        Sets style of controling worker process count.
        Valid values are 'static' and 'apache-like'
        <value name="style">static</value>
        Sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be served.
        Equivalent to Apache MaxClients directive.
        Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment in original php.fcgi
        Used with any pm_style.
        <value name="max_children">128</value>
        Settings group for 'apache-like' pm style
        <value name="apache_like">
          Sets the number of server processes created on startup.
          Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
          <value name="StartServers">20</value>
          Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes.
          Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
          <value name="MinSpareServers">5</value>
          Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes.
          Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
          <value name="MaxSpareServers">35</value>
        </value>
      </value>
      The timeout (in seconds) for serving a single request after which the worker process will be terminated
      Should be used when 'max_execution_time' ini option does not stop script execution for some reason
      '0s' means 'off'
      <value name="request_terminate_timeout">0s</value>
      The timeout (in seconds) for serving of single request after which a php backtrace will be dumped to slow.log file
      '0s' means 'off'
      <value name="request_slowlog_timeout">0s</value>
      The log file for slow requests
      <value name="slowlog">logs/slow.log</value>
      Set open file desc rlimit
      <value name="rlimit_files">65535</value>
      Set max core size rlimit
      <value name="rlimit_core">0</value>
      Chroot to this directory at the start, absolute path
      <value name="chroot"></value>
      Chdir to this directory at the start, absolute path
      <value name="chdir"></value>
      Redirect workers' stdout and stderr into main error log.
      If not set, they will be redirected to /dev/null, according to FastCGI specs
      <value name="catch_workers_output">yes</value>
      How much requests each process should execute before respawn.
      Useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries.
      For endless request processing please specify 0
      Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS
      <value name="max_requests">1024</value>
      Comma separated list of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients that allowed to connect.
      Equivalent to FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment in original php.fcgi (5.2.2+)
      Makes sense only with AF_INET listening socket.
      <value name="allowed_clients">127.0.0.1</value>
      Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH
      All $VARIABLEs are taken from current environment
      <value name="environment">
        <value name="HOSTNAME">$HOSTNAME</value>
        <value name="PATH">/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin</value>
        <value name="TMP">/tmp</value>
        <value name="TMPDIR">/tmp</value>
        <value name="TEMP">/tmp</value>
        <value name="OSTYPE">$OSTYPE</value>
        <value name="MACHTYPE">$MACHTYPE</value>
        <value name="MALLOC_CHECK_">2</value>
      </value>
    </section>
  </workers>
</configuration>
#启动php-cgi进程,监听127.0.0.1的9000端口,<value name="max_children">128</value>进程数为128(如果服务器内存小于3GB,可以只开启64个进程),用户为www:
ulimit -SHn 65535
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start
#//注:/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm还有其他参数,包括:start|stop|quit|restart|reload|logrotate,修改php.ini后不重启php-cgi,重新加载配置文件使用reload。
#==================================安装Nginx 0.8.34 =========================================
#安装Nginx所需的pcre库:
cd /opt
tar zxvf pcre-8.01.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.01/
./configure
make;make install
cd ../
#安装Nginx
tar zxvf nginx-0.8.34.tar.gz
cd nginx-0.8.34/
./configure --user=www --group=www --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module
make;make install
cd ../

#创建Nginx日志目录
mkdir -p /data/logs/blog.56diy.com
chmod +w /data/logs/blog.56diy.com
chown -R www:www /data/logs/blog.56diy.com
mkdir -p /data/logs/www.56diy.com
chmod +w /data/logs/www.56diy.com
chown -R www:www /data/logs/www.56diy.com
#创建Nginx配置文件
mv /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf.bak
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
user  www www;
worker_processes 8;
error_log  /data/logs/nginx_error.log  crit;
pid        /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid;
#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process. 
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
events 
{
  use epoll;
  worker_connections 65535;
}
http 
{
  include       mime.types;
  default_type  application/octet-stream;
  #charset  gb2312;
      
  server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
  client_header_buffer_size 32k;
  large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
  client_max_body_size 8m;
      
  sendfile on;
  tcp_nopush     on;
  keepalive_timeout 60;
  tcp_nodelay on;
  fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
  fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
  fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
  fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
  gzip on;
  gzip_min_length  1k;
  gzip_buffers     4 16k;
  gzip_http_version 1.0;
  gzip_comp_level 2;
  gzip_types       text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
  gzip_vary on;
  #limit_zone  crawler  $binary_remote_addr  10m;
  server
  {
    listen       80;
    server_name  blog.56diy.com;
    index index.html index.htm index.php;
    root  /data/www/blog.56diy.com;
    #limit_conn   crawler  20;    
                             
    location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
    {      
      #fastcgi_pass  unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
      fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_index index.php;
      include fcgi.conf;
    }
    
    location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
    {
      expires      30d;
    }
    location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
    {
      expires      1h;
    }   
    log_format  access  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
              '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
              '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
    access_log  /data/logs/blog.56diy.com/access.log  access;
      }
  server
  {
    listen       80;
    server_name  
www.56diy.com;
    index index.html index.htm index.php;
    root  /data/www/www.56diy.com;
    location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
    {      
      #fastcgi_pass  unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
      fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_index index.php;
      include fcgi.conf;
    }
    log_format  wwwlogs  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
               '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
               '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
    access_log  /data/logs/www.56diy.com/wwwlogs.log  wwwlogs;
  }
  server
  {
    listen  80;
    server_name  status.www.56diy.com;
    location / {
    stub_status on;
    access_log   off;
    }
  }
}
#在/usr/local/nginx/conf/目录中创建fcgi.conf文件
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/fcgi.conf
fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx;
fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;
# PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param  REDIRECT_STATUS    200;
#启动Nginx
ulimit -SHn 65535
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
#配置开机自动启动Nginx + PHP
vi /etc/rc.local
ulimit -SHn 65535
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

#============================安全优化================================================
#优化Linux内核参数
mv /etc/sysctl.conf /etc/sysctl.conf.bak
vi /etc/sysctl.conf
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 65536
net.core.netdev_max_backlog =  32768
net.core.somaxconn = 32768
net.core.wmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 2
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
#net.ipv4.tcp_tw_len = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 120
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024  65535
kernel.shmmax = 128000000
#使配置立即生效
/sbin/sysctl -p
#关闭不用服务
vi /etc/service_stop.sh
#!/bin/bash
# This script is used to del some service is not used on the server
# Create by kerryhu
# Date 2010-03-23
# Mail 
king_819@163.com
service  microcode_ctl stop
chkconfig --level 235 microcode_ctl off
service gpm stop
chkconfig --level 235 gpm off
service kudzu stop
chkconfig --level 235 kudzu off
service netfs stop
chkconfig --level 235 netfs off
service rawdevices stop
chkconfig --level 235 rawdevices off
service saslauthd stop
chkconfig --level 235 saslauthd off
service keytable stop
chkconfig --level 235 keytable off
service mdmonitor stop
chkconfig --level 235 mdmonitor off
service atd stop
chkconfig --level 235 atd off
service irda stop
chkconfig --level 235 irda off
service psacct stop
chkconfig --level 235 psacct off
service apmd stop
chkconfig --level 235 apmd off
service isdn stop
chkconfig --level 235 isdn off
service iptables stop
chkconfig --level 235 iptables off
service ip6tables stop
chkconfig --level 235 ip6tables off
service pcmcia stop
chkconfig --level 235 pcmcia off
service sendmail stop
chkconfig --level 235 sendmail off
service smartd stop
chkconfig --level 235 smartd off
service autofs stop
chkconfig --level 235 autofs off
service netdump stop
chkconfig --level 235 netdump off
service portmap stop
chkconfig --level 235 portmap off
service nfs stop
chkconfig --level 235 nfs off
service nfslock stop
chkconfig --level 235 nfslock off
service snmptrapd stop
chkconfig --level 235 snmptrapd off
service rhnsd stop
chkconfig --level 235 rhnsd off
service xinetd stop
chkconfig --level 235 xinetd off
service cups stop
chkconfig --level 235 cups off
service snmpd stop
chkconfig --level 235 snmpd off
service vncserver stop
chkconfig --level 235 vncserver off
service hpoj stop
chkconfig --level 235 hpoj off
service xfs stop
chkconfig --level 235 xfs off
service ntpd stop
chkconfig --level 235 ntpd off
service winbind stop
chkconfig --level 235 winbind off
service smb stop
chkconfig --level 235 smb off
service dc_client stop
chkconfig --level 235 dc_client off
service dc_server stop
chkconfig --level 235 dc_server off
service httpd stop
chkconfig --level 235 httpd off
service aep1000 stop
chkconfig --level 235 aep1000 off
service bcm5820 stop
chkconfig --level 235 bcm5820 off
service squid stop
chkconfig --level 235 squid off
service named stop
chkconfig --level 235 named off
service tux stop
chkconfig --level 235 tux off
service vsftpd stop
chkconfig --level 235 vsftpd off
service avahi-daemon stop
chkconfig --level 235 avahi-daemon  off
service bluetooth stop
chkconfig --level 235 bluetooth off
service firstboot stop
chkconfig --level 235 firstboot off
service lvm2-monitor stop
chkconfig --level 235 lvm2-monitor off
service mcstrans stop
chkconfig --level 235 mcstrans off
service pcscd stop
chkconfig --level 235 pcscd off
service restorecond stop
chkconfig --level 235 restorecond off
service rpcgssd stop
chkconfig --level 235 rpcgssd off
service rpcidmapd stop
chkconfig --level 235 rpcidmapd off
chmod +x /root/service_stop.sh
#执行脚本关闭不需要的服务
/root/service_stop.sh
#iptables设置
vi /root/iptables.sh
#echo "Starting kerryhu-iptables rules..."
#!/bin/bash
#this is a common firewall created by 2010-3-27
 
#define some variable
IPT=/sbin/iptables
CONNECTION_TRACKING="1"
INTERNET="eth0"
CLASS_A="10.0.0.0/8"
CLASS_B="172.16.0.0/12"
CLASS_C="192.168.0.0/16"
CLASS_D_MULTICAST="224.0.0.0/4"
CLASS_E_RESERVED_NET="240.0.0.0/5"
BROADCAST_SRC="0.0.0.0" 
BROADCAST_DEST="255.255.255.255"
LOOPBACK_INTERFACE="lo"
 
#Remove any existing rules
$IPT -F
$IPT -X
 
#setting default firewall policy
$IPT --policy OUTPUT DROP
$IPT --policy FORWARD DROP
$IPT -P INPUT DROP
 
 
#stop firewall
if [ "$1" = "stop" ]
then 
echo "Filewall completely stopped!no firewall running!"
exit 0
fi
 
#setting for loopback interface
$IPT -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
$IPT -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT
 
# Stealth Scans and TCP State Flags
# All of the bits are cleared
$IPT -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags ALL NONE -j DROP
# SYN and FIN are both set
$IPT -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags SYN,FIN SYN,FIN -j DROP
# SYN and RST are both set
$IPT -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags SYN,RST SYN,RST -j DROP
# FIN and RST are both set
$IPT -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags FIN,RST FIN,RST -j DROP
# FIN is the only bit set, without the expected accompanying ACK
$IPT -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags ACK,FIN FIN -j DROP
# PSH is the only bit set, without the expected accompanying ACK
$IPT -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags ACK,PSH PSH -j DROP
# URG is the only bit set, without the expected accompanying ACK
$IPT -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags ACK,URG URG -j DROP
 
# Using Connection State to By-pass Rule Checking
if [ "$CONNECTION_TRACKING" = "1" ]; then
    $IPT -A INPUT  -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
    $IPT -A OUTPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
    $IPT -A INPUT -m state --state INVALID -j DROP
    $IPT -A OUTPUT -m state --state INVALID -j DROP
fi
 
##################################################################
# Source Address Spoofing and Other Bad Addresses
 
# Refuse spoofed packets pretending to be from 
# the external interface.s IP address
 
# Refuse packets claiming to be from a Class A private network
$IPT -A INPUT  -i $INTERNET -s $CLASS_A -j DROP
 
# Refuse packets claiming to be from a Class B private network
$IPT -A INPUT  -i $INTERNET -s $CLASS_B -j DROP
 
# Refuse packets claiming to be from a Class C private network
$IPT -A INPUT  -i $INTERNET -s $CLASS_C -j DROP
 
$IPT -A INPUT -i $INTERNET -s 0.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPT -A INPUT -i $INTERNET -s 169.254.0.0/16 -j DROP
$IPT -A INPUT -i $INTERNET -s 192.0.2.0/24 -j DROP
###################################################################
#setting access rules
 
#enable ssh connect
#$IPT -A OUTPUT  -o $INTERNET -p tcp  -d 61.177.7.1 -j ACCEPT
#时钟同步
$IPT -A OUTPUT -d 192.43.244.18 -j ACCEPT
#允许ping出
$IPT -A OUTPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
$IPT -A OUTPUT -o $INTERNET -p udp  --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
$IPT -A OUTPUT -o $INTERNET -p tcp  --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
$IPT -A INPUT -i $INTERNET -p tcp -m mac --mac-source 00:02:3F:EB:E2:01  --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
$IPT -A INPUT -i $INTERNET -p tcp  --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
$IPT -A INPUT -i $INTERNET -p tcp  --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
$IPT -A INPUT -i $INTERNET -p tcp -s 127.0.0.1 --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
$IPT -A INPUT -i $INTERNET -p udp  --dport 123 -j ACCEPT
chmod +x /root/iptables.sh
echo "/root/iptables.sh" >> /etc/rc.local
#=======================在不停止Nginx服务的情况下平滑变更Nginx配置======================================
1、修改/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf配置文件后,请执行以下命令检查配置文件是否正确:
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
/*
如果屏幕显示以下两行信息,说明配置文件正确:
the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf was tested successfully
*/
2、平滑重启:
①、对于Nginx 0.8.x版本,现在平滑重启Nginx配置非常简单,执行以下命令即可:
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

②、对于Nginx 0.8.x之前的版本,平滑重启稍微麻烦一些,按照以下步骤进行即可。输入以下命令查看Nginx主进程号:
ps -ef | grep "nginx: master process" | grep -v "grep" | awk -F ' ' '{print $2}'
屏幕显示的即为Nginx主进程号,例如:
6302
这时,执行以下命令即可使修改过的Nginx配置文件生效:
kill -HUP 6302
#或者无需这么麻烦,找到Nginx的Pid文件:
kill -HUP `cat /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid`

#===========================编写每天定时切割Nginx日志的脚本==============================================
vi /usr/local/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh
#!/bin/bash
# This script run at 00:00
# The Nginx logs path
logs_path_blog="/data/logs/blog.56diy.com/"
logs_path_www="/data/logs/www.56diy.com/"
mkdir -p ${logs_path_blog}$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y")/$(date -d "yesterday" +"%m")/
mv ${logs_path_blog}access.log ${logs_path_blog}$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y")/$(date -d "yesterday" +"%m")/access_$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y%m%d").log
mkdir -p ${logs_path_www}$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y")/$(date -d "yesterday" +"%m")/
mv ${logs_path_www}wwwlogs.log ${logs_path_www}$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y")/$(date -d "yesterday" +"%m")/wwwlogs_$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y%m%d").log
kill -USR1 `cat /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid`
chmod +x /usr/local/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh
#添加计划任务,每天凌晨00:00切割nginx访问日志
crontab -e
00 00 * * * /bin/bash  /usr/local/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh
#====================================故障排查===========================================
#故障1
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start
Starting php_fpm eAccelerator: Could not allocate 67108864 bytes, the maximum size the kernel allows is 33554432 bytes. Lower the amount of memory request or increase the limit in /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax.
PHP Warning:  [eAccelerator] Can not create shared memory area in Unknown on line 0
PHP Fatal error:  Unable to start eAccelerator module in Unknown on line 0
 failed
 
#说明
php.ini中设置的eAccelerator,eaccelerator.shm_size="64",解释:eaccelerator可使用的共享内存大小(单位为MB),即64M
在Linux下,单个进程的最大内存使用量受/proc/sys/kernel/shmmax中设置的数字限制(单位为字节)  /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax = 33554432 (32M)
临时更改该值:
echo 128000000 > /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
或者
vi /etc/sysctl.conf
kernel.shmmax = 128000000
syscatl -p


本文转自king_819 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/kerry/289485,如需转载请自行联系原作者

版权声明:本文内容由阿里云实名注册用户自发贡献,版权归原作者所有,阿里云开发者社区不拥有其著作权,亦不承担相应法律责任。具体规则请查看《阿里云开发者社区用户服务协议》和《阿里云开发者社区知识产权保护指引》。如果您发现本社区中有涉嫌抄袭的内容,填写侵权投诉表单进行举报,一经查实,本社区将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。

相关文章
阿里云服务器如何登录?阿里云服务器的三种登录方法
购买阿里云ECS云服务器后如何登录?场景不同,阿里云优惠总结大概有三种登录方式: 登录到ECS云服务器控制台 在ECS云服务器控制台用户可以更改密码、更换系.
29215 0
Linux Centos服务器宝塔一键安装配置LNMP/LAMP网站环境——宝塔建站可视化(无需敲命令)
了解并完成 Centos Linux 系统下网站环境、宝塔安装流程 Linux一键安装LAMP、LNMP网站配置网站环境,可视化操作无需敲命令 无命令建站教程 CentOs Linux —— 社区操作系统 关于宝塔/ Linux wordpress 网站建站的教程,这篇博客对于宝塔建站的流程.
12958 0
快速搭建平头哥安全处理器的可信执行环境
平头哥安全处理器系列包括CK802T, CK803T, CK804T和E902T等, 结合平头哥SoC安全机制,搭建的芯片平台具有良好的兼容性和健壮性。基于平头哥TEE OS接口的扩展性和移植性,可以方便地快速地移植到其他平头哥安全处理器的芯片平台上。本文介绍了如何在不同的芯片平台快速创建可信执行环境的步骤和注意点,帮助设计开发者迅速的在平头哥安全处理器上开发TEE OS。
1581 0
阿里云服务器端口号设置
阿里云服务器初级使用者可能面临的问题之一. 使用tomcat或者其他服务器软件设置端口号后,比如 一些不是默认的, mysql的 3306, mssql的1433,有时候打不开网页, 原因是没有在ecs安全组去设置这个端口号. 解决: 点击ecs下网络和安全下的安全组 在弹出的安全组中,如果没有就新建安全组,然后点击配置规则 最后如上图点击添加...或快速创建.   have fun!  将编程看作是一门艺术,而不单单是个技术。
20725 0
阿里云服务器怎么设置密码?怎么停机?怎么重启服务器?
如果在创建实例时没有设置密码,或者密码丢失,您可以在控制台上重新设置实例的登录密码。本文仅描述如何在 ECS 管理控制台上修改实例登录密码。
23590 0
快速搭建平头哥安全处理器的可信执行环境
平头哥安全处理器系列包括CK802T, CK803T, CK804T和E902T等, 结合平头哥SoC安全机制,搭建的芯片平台具有良好的兼容性和健壮性。基于平头哥TEE OS接口的扩展性和移植性,可以方便地快速地移植到其他平头哥安全处理器的芯片平台上。本文介绍了如何在不同的芯片平台快速创建可信执行环境的步骤和注意点,帮助设计开发者迅速的在平头哥安全处理器上开发TEE OS。
494 0
6965
文章
0
问答
文章排行榜
最热
最新
相关电子书
更多
JS零基础入门教程(上册)
立即下载
性能优化方法论
立即下载
手把手学习日志服务SLS,云启实验室实战指南
立即下载