精通GridView(C#) (一)-阿里云开发者社区

开发者社区> 技术小甜> 正文

精通GridView(C#) (一)

简介:
+关注继续查看
GridView无代码分页排序
GridView选中,编辑,取消,删除
GridView正反双向排序
GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合
GridView和CheckBox结合
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法一
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法二
GridView实现删除时弹出确认对话框
GridView实现自动编号
GridView实现自定义时间货币等字符串格式
GridView实现用“...”代替超长字符串
GridView一般换行与强制换行
GridView显示隐藏某一列
GridView弹出新页面/弹出新窗口
GridView固定表头(不用javascript只用CSS,2行代码,很好用)
GridView合并表头多重表头无错完美版(以合并3列3行举例)
GridView突出显示某一单元格(例如金额低于多少,分数不及格等)
GridView加入自动求和求平均值小计
GridView数据导入Excel/Excel数据读入GridView
1.GridView无代码分页排序:
效果图:
1.AllowSorting设为True,aspx代码中是AllowSorting="True";
2.默认1页10条,如果要修改每页条数,修改PageSize即可,在aspx代码中是PageSize="12"。
3.默认的是单向排序的,右击GridView弹出“属性”,选择AllowSorting为True即可。
2.GridView选中,编辑,取消,删除:
效果图:
后台代码:
你可以使用sqlhelper,本文没用。代码如下:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page 
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=数据库名;Uid=帐号;Pwd=密码";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }
//删除
    protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
    {
        string sqlstr = "delete from 表 where id='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        bind();
    }
//更新
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 表 set 字段1='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段2='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[2].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段3='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where id='" 
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
//取消
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
//绑定
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select * from 表";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "表");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "id" };//主键
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
}
前台主要代码:
                            ... ...
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="4"
                        ForeColor="#333333" GridLines="None" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="#990000" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
3.GridView正反双向排序:
效果图:
点姓名各2次的排序,点其他也一样可以。
后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default3 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
//清清月儿的博客http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet 
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
            ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_Sorting(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
    {
        string sPage = e.SortExpression;
        if (ViewState["SortOrder"].ToString() == sPage)
        {
            if (ViewState["OrderDire"].ToString() == "Desc")
                ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            else
                ViewState["OrderDire"] = "Desc";
        }
        else
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = e.SortExpression;
        }
        bind();
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        DataView view = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView;
        string sort = (string)ViewState["SortOrder"] + " " + (string)ViewState["OrderDire"];
        view.Sort = sort;
        GridView1.DataSource = view;
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
}
前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                        CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt" OnSorting="GridView1_Sorting" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" SortExpression="员工性别"/>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                                
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
 4.GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合:
效果图:
后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default4 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        DropDownList ddl;
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
            sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
            SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
            DataSet myds = new DataSet();
            sqlcon.Open();
            myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
            GridView1.DataSource = myds;
            GridView1.DataBind();
            for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
            {
                DataRowView mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
                if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "True")
                {
                    ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
                    ddl.SelectedIndex = 0;
                }
                if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "False")
                {
                    ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
                    ddl.SelectedIndex = 1;
                }
            }
            sqlcon.Close();
        }
    }
    public SqlDataReader ddlbind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select distinct 员工性别 from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlCommand sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        return sqlcom.ExecuteReader();
    }
前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                        CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt"  BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                            <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="员工性别">
                                <ItemTemplate>
                                    <asp:DropDownList ID="DropDownList1" runat="server" DataSource='<%# ddlbind()%>' DataValueField="员工性别" DataTextField="员工性别">
                                    </asp:DropDownList>
                                </ItemTemplate>
                            </asp:TemplateField>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                                
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
5.GridView和CheckBox结合:
效果图:

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default5 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
//清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet 
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void CheckBox2_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            CheckBox cbox = (CheckBox)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("CheckBox1");
            if (CheckBox2.Checked == true)
            {
                cbox.Checked = true;
            }
            else
            {
                cbox.Checked = false;
            }
        }
    }
    protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlCommand sqlcom;
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            CheckBox cbox = (CheckBox)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("CheckBox1");
            if (cbox.Checked == true)
            {
                string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[i].Value + "'";
                sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
                sqlcon.Open();
                sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
                sqlcon.Close();
            }
        }
        bind();
    }
    protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        CheckBox2.Checked = false;
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            CheckBox cbox = (CheckBox)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("CheckBox1");
            cbox.Checked = false;
        }
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "tb_Member");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
}
前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                        CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt"  BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                             <asp:TemplateField>
                                <ItemTemplate>
                                    <asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox1" runat="server" />
                                </ItemTemplate>
                            </asp:TemplateField>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                            
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                                
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
                     <asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox2" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" Font-Size="9pt" OnCheckedChanged="CheckBox2_CheckedChanged"
                        Text="全选" />
                    <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Font-Size="9pt" Text="取消" OnClick="Button1_Click" />
                    <asp:Button ID="Button2" runat="server" Font-Size="9pt" Text="删除" OnClick="Button2_Click" />
6.鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法一:
效果图:
做法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        int i;
        //执行循环,保证每条数据都可以更新
        for (i = 0; i < GridView1.Rows.Count; i++)
        {
            //首先判断是否是数据行
            if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
            {
                //当鼠标停留时更改背景色
                e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "c=this.style.backgroundColor;this.style.backgroundColor='#00A9FF'");
                //当鼠标移开时还原背景色
                e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "this.style.backgroundColor=c");
            }
        }
    }
前台代码:
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>实现鼠标划过改变GridView的行背景色 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
        <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="身份证号码"
            DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1" AllowSorting="True" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="3" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
            <Columns>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="身份证号码" ReadOnly="True" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" SortExpression="姓名" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
            </Columns>
            <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
            <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
            <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
            <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
            <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
        </asp:GridView>
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:北风贸易ConnectionString1 %>"
            SelectCommand="SELECT top 5 [身份证号码], [姓名], [员工性别], [家庭住址], [邮政编码] FROM [飞狐工作室]" DataSourceMode="DataReader"></asp:SqlDataSource>
    
   </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
7.鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法二:
效果图:

做法:和上面的一样就是代码不同
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        //int i;
        ////执行循环,保证每条数据都可以更新
        //for (i = 0; i < GridView1.Rows.Count; i++)
        //{
        //    //首先判断是否是数据行
        //    if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        //    {
        //        //当鼠标停留时更改背景色
        //        e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "c=this.style.backgroundColor;this.style.backgroundColor='#00A9FF'");
        //        //当鼠标移开时还原背景色
        //        e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "this.style.backgroundColor=c");
        //    }
        //}
        //如果是绑定数据行 
        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        {
            //鼠标经过时,行背景色变 
            e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
            //鼠标移出时,行背景色变 
            e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");
        }
    }
8.GridView实现删除时弹出确认对话框:
效果图:

实现方法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:
    protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        //如果是绑定数据行 
        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        {
             if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
            {
                ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add(" "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:\"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "\"吗?')");
            }
        }
    }
9.GridView实现自动编号:
效果图:

实现方法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:
    protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        //如果是绑定数据行 //清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet 
        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        {
            ////鼠标经过时,行背景色变 
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
            ////鼠标移出时,行背景色变 
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");
            ////当有编辑列时,避免出错,要加的RowState判断 
            //if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
            //{
            //    ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add(" "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:\"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "\"吗?')");
            //}
        }
        if (e.Row.RowIndex != -1)
        {
            int id = e.Row.RowIndex + 1;
            e.Row.Cells[0].Text = id.ToString();
        }
    }
 注意这时最好把前台的第一列的表头该为“编号”,因为以前的第一列被“吃掉”了。
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
10.GridView实现自定义时间货币等字符串格式:
效果图:

解决方法:
在asp.net 2.0中,如果要在绑定列中显示比如日期格式等,如果用下面的方法是显示不了的
<asp :BoundField DataField="CreationDate" 
DataFormatString="{0:M-dd-yyyy}" 
HeaderText="CreationDate" />
主要是由于htmlencode属性默认设置为true,已防止XSS攻击,安全起见而用的,所以,可以有以下两种方法解决
1、
<asp :GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server">
<columns>
<asp :BoundField DataField="CreationDate" 
DataFormatString="{0:M-dd-yyyy}" 
HtmlEncode="false"
HeaderText="CreationDate" />
</columns>
</asp>
将htmlencode设置为false即可
另外的解决方法为,使用模版列
<asp :GridView ID="GridView3" runat="server" >
<columns>
<asp :TemplateField HeaderText="CreationDate" >
<edititemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server" 
Text='<%# Eval("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</edititemtemplate>
<itemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server" 
Text=’<%# Bind("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</itemtemplate>
</asp>
</columns>
</asp>
前台代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="身份证号码"
            DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1" AllowSorting="True" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="3" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
            <Columns>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="身份证号码" ReadOnly="True" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" SortExpression="姓名" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="出生日期" SortExpression="出生日期" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪" SortExpression="起薪" />
            </Columns>
            <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
            <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
            <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
            <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
            <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
        </asp:GridView>
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:北风贸易ConnectionString1 %>"
            SelectCommand="SELECT top 5 [出生日期], [起薪], [身份证号码], [姓名], [家庭住址], [邮政编码] FROM [飞狐工作室]" DataSourceMode="DataReader"></asp:SqlDataSource>
附录-常用格式化公式:
{0:C}  货币;
{0:D4}由0填充的4个字符宽的字段中显示整数;
{0:000.0}四舍五入小数点保留第几位有效数字;
{0:N2}小数点保留2位有效数字;{0:N2}%   小数点保留2位有效数字加百分号;
{0:D}长日期;{0:d}短日期;{0:yy-MM-dd}   例如07-3-25;;{0:yyyy-MM-dd}  例如2007-3-25
11.GridView实现用“...”代替超长字符串:
效果图:
解决方法
:数据绑定后过滤每一行即可
for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            DataRowView mydrv;
            string gIntro;
            if (GridView1.PageIndex == 0)
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];//表名
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);//所要处理的字段
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
            else
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i + (5 * GridView1.PageIndex)];
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
        }
调用的方法:
    public string SubStr(string sString, int nLeng)
    {
        if (sString.Length <= nLeng)
        {
            return sString;
        }
        string sNewStr = sString.Substring(0, nLeng);
        sNewStr = sNewStr + "...";
        return sNewStr;
    }
后台全部代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page 
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
            ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
    {
        string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='" 
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            DataRowView mydrv;
            string gIntro;
            if (GridView1.PageIndex == 0)
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
            else
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i + (5 * GridView1.PageIndex)];
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
        }
        
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
    public string SubStr(string sString, int nLeng)
    {
        if (sString.Length <= nLeng)
        {
            return sString;
        }
        string sNewStr = sString.Substring(0, nLeng);
        sNewStr = sNewStr + "...";
        return sNewStr;
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        //如果是绑定数据行 
        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        {
            ////鼠标经过时,行背景色变 
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
            ////鼠标移出时,行背景色变 
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add(" "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");
            ////当有编辑列时,避免出错,要加的RowState判断 
            //if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
            //{
            //    ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add(" "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:\"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "\"吗?')");
            //}
        }
        if (e.Row.RowIndex != -1)
        {
            int id = e.Row.RowIndex + 1;
            e.Row.Cells[0].Text = id.ToString();
        }
    }
}11.GridView一般换行与强制换行:
效果图:
首先设置<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  ItemStyle-Width="100" />
gridview里有一列绑定的数据很长,显示的时候在一行里面显示,页面拉得很宽。
原因是连续英文段为一个整体导致的,在RowDataBound中添加上了一句e.Row.Cells[2].Style.Add("word-break", "break-all")就可以。
如果要给所有的列增加此属性:
 protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        //正常换行
        GridView1.Attributes.Add("style", "word-break:keep-all;word-wrap:normal");
        //下面这行是自动换行
        GridView1.Attributes.Add("style", "word-break:break-all;word-wrap:break-word");
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
             bind();//调用数据绑定即可
        }
    }
总之:善用CSS的word-break:break-all;word-wrap:break-word属性即可,这个属性是通用的对于顽固的南换行问题都可以解决,不局限于GridView。

        













本文转自terryli51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/terryli/519652 ,如需转载请自行联系原作者

版权声明:本文内容由阿里云实名注册用户自发贡献,版权归原作者所有,阿里云开发者社区不拥有其著作权,亦不承担相应法律责任。具体规则请查看《阿里云开发者社区用户服务协议》和《阿里云开发者社区知识产权保护指引》。如果您发现本社区中有涉嫌抄袭的内容,填写侵权投诉表单进行举报,一经查实,本社区将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。

相关文章
阿里云服务器怎么设置密码?怎么停机?怎么重启服务器?
如果在创建实例时没有设置密码,或者密码丢失,您可以在控制台上重新设置实例的登录密码。本文仅描述如何在 ECS 管理控制台上修改实例登录密码。
10058 0
使用OpenApi弹性释放和设置云服务器ECS释放
云服务器ECS的一个重要特性就是按需创建资源。您可以在业务高峰期按需弹性的自定义规则进行资源创建,在完成业务计算的时候释放资源。本篇将提供几个Tips帮助您更加容易和自动化的完成云服务器的释放和弹性设置。
12070 0
阿里云服务器如何登录?阿里云服务器的三种登录方法
购买阿里云ECS云服务器后如何登录?场景不同,阿里云优惠总结大概有三种登录方式: 登录到ECS云服务器控制台 在ECS云服务器控制台用户可以更改密码、更换系.
13871 0
windows server 2008阿里云ECS服务器安全设置
最近我们Sinesafe安全公司在为客户使用阿里云ecs服务器做安全的过程中,发现服务器基础安全性都没有做。为了为站长们提供更加有效的安全基础解决方案,我们Sinesafe将对阿里云服务器win2008 系统进行基础安全部署实战过程! 比较重要的几部分 1.
9157 0
腾讯云服务器 设置ngxin + fastdfs +tomcat 开机自启动
在tomcat中新建一个可以启动的 .sh 脚本文件 /usr/local/tomcat7/bin/ export JAVA_HOME=/usr/local/java/jdk7 export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin/:$PATH export CLASSPATH=.
4654 0
阿里云服务器ECS登录用户名是什么?系统不同默认账号也不同
阿里云服务器Windows系统默认用户名administrator,Linux镜像服务器用户名root
4498 0
+关注
10146
文章
0
问答
文章排行榜
最热
最新
相关电子书
更多
《2021云上架构与运维峰会演讲合集》
立即下载
《零基础CSS入门教程》
立即下载
《零基础HTML入门教程》
立即下载