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Oracle 11g R2 RAC with ASM存储迁移--Rman copy&ASM REBALANCE

简介: by acdante Oracle 11g R2 RAC with ASM存储迁移                                            -----Rman copy&ASM REBALANCE     环境介绍 VMware版本:VMware12pro 主机操作系统:RHEL6.5_64 共享存储使用VMWARE创建共享磁盘文件 数据库版本:Oracle11gR2 11.2.0.4.0_RAC   Oracle数据库文件部署在ASM磁盘组上,需要在不停机或者尽量短的停机时间完成存储迁移。
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by acdante

Oracle 11g R2 RAC with ASM存储迁移

                                           -----Rman copy&ASM REBALANCE

 

 

环境介绍

VMware版本:VMware12pro

主机操作系统:RHEL6.5_64

共享存储使用VMWARE创建共享磁盘文件

数据库版本:Oracle11gR2 11.2.0.4.0_RAC

 

Oracle数据库文件部署在ASM磁盘组上,需要在不停机或者尽量短的停机时间完成存储迁移。由于只是设计存储更换,无需借助第三方工具。采取迁移ASM DISKGROUP的方式完成迁移。模拟现实环境中,ASM磁盘组存放在存储设备上,模拟由于设备升级、存储虚拟化整合或者存储设备淘汰,需要进行存储更换。

 

首先使用新建ASM GROUP,使用rman copy替换旧有的存储ASM group,然后再采取ASM Rebalance进行在线迁移回来。两种方法

 

ASM GROUP-Rman copy迁移

迁移步骤

数据为重,首先应该有完整可恢复的数据备份,确保数据的安全性。再进行迁移。迁移前首先收集数据库现有的信息。

1)      划分asm disk,并检查或更改UDEV配置文件,使得新存储的asm disk对ASM实例可识别。

2)      备份OCR、Voting Disk、ASM disk header和数据库。

3)      创建新的DISKGROUP

4)      迁移OCR和Vote Disks到新磁盘组(ASM diskgroup)

5)      迁移ASM Spfile到新磁盘组(ASM diskgroup)

6)      迁移数据库相关文件至新磁盘组(ASM diskgroup)

7)      在线修改数据库参数文件(归档路径、闪回等)

8)      删除旧磁盘组

9)      观察期。

10)   执行数据库备份

 

1、新存储划分空间

模拟环境中,是用VMware创建共享磁盘文件实现新存储划分。新创建3个10G新共享存储磁盘,ndata1,ndata2,ndata3用于存放数据文件,新建3个1GB共享存储磁盘,nocr1,nocr2,nocr3,用于存放OCR与VOTE信息,将原存储上的数据全部迁移过来。


C:\Windows\system32>cd c:\VM\VM12
 
c:\VM\VM12>vmware-vdiskmanager.exe -c -s 10240Mb -a lsilogic -t 2 C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\ndata1.vmdk
Creating disk 'C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\ndata1.vmdk'
  Create: 100% done.
Virtual disk creation successful.
 
c:\VM\VM12>vmware-vdiskmanager.exe -c -s 10240Mb -a lsilogic -t 2 C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\ndata2.vmdk
Creating disk 'C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\ndata2.vmdk'
  Create: 100% done.
Virtual disk creation successful.
 
c:\VM\VM12>vmware-vdiskmanager.exe -c -s 10240Mb -a lsilogic -t 2 C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\ndata3.vmdk
Creating disk 'C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\ndata3.vmdk'
  Create: 100% done.
Virtual disk creation successful.
 
c:\VM\VM12>vmware-vdiskmanager.exe -c -s 1024Mb -a lsilogic -t 2 C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\nocr1.vmdk
Creating disk 'C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\nocr1.vmdk'
  Create: 100% done.
Virtual disk creation successful.
 
c:\VM\VM12>vmware-vdiskmanager.exe -c -s 1024Mb -a lsilogic -t 2 C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\nocr2.vmdk
Creating disk 'C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\nocr2.vmdk'
  Create: 100% done.
Virtual disk creation successful.
 
c:\VM\VM12>vmware-vdiskmanager.exe -c -s 1024Mb -a lsilogic -t 2 C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\nocr3.vmdk
Creating disk 'C:\VM\VM12\sharedisk\nocr3.vmdk'
  Create: 100% done.
Virtual disk creation successful.


 

虚拟机添加磁盘:

c12141d3ec12d65a608496a320d22bb7986f411b e62545df760d1e9584bda2c9c6bef8d00286f28b  b3782891f83196f9ba9f09ffbda2e00263ed0cd0 

选择独立模式,保留现有格式,磁盘设置,高级设置中,修改虚拟设备节点,与本地磁盘不在同一总线上。在两节点都添加6块新盘。

7555cb291e457ccfec7e8e4b0ab7e276a72338f1

 

 4a7ee3c82b6562ff76ddb74a0aeed9606e64928d

87384106d5c281454eb3ae2525bd2c892c75d63e

主机端识别新划盘:分别是sdh、sdi、sdj,三块10GB的磁盘,sdk,sdl,sdm,为3块1GB的磁盘。

5ede46c478f12b9acd76ff977db58a687a5f58c4

8dc2c72ddb4254975613f3858d64eb243b2b3592

 

2、Create New ASM diskgroup创建ASM DISKGROUP

查看当前ASM磁盘组信息:


ASMCMD> lsdg
State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name
MOUNTED  NORMAL  N         512   4096  1048576     23529    18226            10236            3995              0             Y  DATA/
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576     10236     9709                0            9709              0             N  ORADATA1/
ASMCMD>
 
[grid@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 05:22:17 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
 
SQL> select instance_name from v$instance;
 
INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
+ASM1
 
SQL> col name for a10
SQL> set linesize 150
SQL> select NAME, ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE, STATE, TOTAL_MB, FREE_MB USABLE_FILE_MB from gv$asm_diskgroup;
 
NAME        ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE STATE         TOTAL_MB USABLE_FILE_MB
---------- -------------------- ----------- ---------- --------------
DATA                   1048576 MOUNTED     23529           18234
ORADATA1           1048576 MOUNTED     10236           9709
DATA                   1048576 MOUNTED     23529           18234
ORADATA1           1048576 MOUNTED     10236           9709
 
SQL> select failgroup, name from v$asm_disk where group_number=(select group_number from v$asm_diskgroup where name = 'DATA');
 
FAILGROUP                 NAME
------------------------------ ----------
DATA2                         DATA2
DATA3                         DATA3
OCR1                          OCR1
OCR2                          OCR2
OCR3                          OCR3
 
 
SQL> select NAME,PATH,total_mb,free_mb from v$asm_disk;
NAME        PATH            TOTAL_MB   FREE_MB
---------- --------------- ---------- ----------
DATA1       ORCL:DATA1          10236         9709
DATA2       ORCL:DATA2          10236         8180
DATA3       ORCL:DATA3          10236         8200
OCR1        ORCL:OCR1            1019          612
OCR2        ORCL:OCR2            1019          618
OCR3        ORCL:OCR3            1019          616
 
6 rows selected.
 
SQL>



 

fdisk 对新划磁盘进行分区,创建ASM磁盘


[root@myrac2 ~]# oracleasm listdisks
DATA1
DATA2
DATA3
OCR1
OCR2
OCR3
[root@myrac2 ~]# oracleasm createdisk NDATA1 /dev/sdh1
Writing disk header: done
Instantiating disk: done
[root@myrac2 ~]# oracleasm createdisk NDATA2 /dev/sdi1
Writing disk header: done
Instantiating disk: done
[root@myrac2 ~]# oracleasm createdisk NDATA3 /dev/sdj1
Writing disk header: done
Instantiating disk: done
[root@myrac2 ~]# oracleasm createdisk NOCR1 /dev/sdk1
Writing disk header: done
Instantiating disk: done
[root@myrac2 ~]# oracleasm createdisk NOCR2 /dev/sdl1
Writing disk header: done
Instantiating disk: done
[root@myrac2 ~]# oracleasm createdisk NOCR3 /dev/sdm1
Writing disk header: done
Instantiating disk: done
[root@myrac2 ~]# oracleasm listdisks
DATA1
DATA2
DATA3
NDATA1
NDATA2
NDATA3
NOCR1
NOCR2
NOCR3
OCR1
OCR2
OCR3
[root@myrac2 ~]#
 
[root@myrac1 ~]# oracleasm scandisks
Reloading disk partitions: done
Cleaning any stale ASM disks...
Scanning system for ASM disks...
Instantiating disk "NDATA1"
Instantiating disk "NDATA2"
Instantiating disk "NDATA3"
Instantiating disk "NOCR1"
Instantiating disk "NOCR2"
Instantiating disk "NOCR3"
[root@myrac1 ~]# oracleasm listdisks
DATA1
DATA2
DATA3
NDATA1
NDATA2
NDATA3
NOCR1
NOCR2
NOCR3
OCR1
OCR2
OCR3
[root@myrac1 ~]#



创建新的ASM GROUP

asmca

70e1666f010cf392ce73a1cc661775e002c5e3c427d003348584bc2b08bf8a4178cff4027b9f8a0d84b9eea9b3aa862b33e9cfd1707ff1aa041deb7e

相关SQL语句:


SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP NDATA EXTERNAL REDUNDANCY  DISK ' /dev/oracleasm/disks/NDATA1' ' /dev/oracleasm/disks/NDATA2 SIZE 10240M  ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.
0','au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */
SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP FRA2 EXTERNAL REDUNDANCY  DISK '/dev/asm-diskl' SIZE 5120M  ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm'='11.2.0.0.0'
,'au_size'='1M' /* ASMCA */
 
[grid@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 06:41:11 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
 
SQL> select name,state from v$asm_diskgroup;
 
NAME                          STATE
------------------------------ -----------
DATA                          MOUNTED
ORADATA1                  MOUNTED
NDATA                       MOUNTED
NOCR                         MOUNTED
 
SQL>


3、Moving OCR&VOTE DISK to new ASM diskgroup 迁移OCR和Vote Disks到新磁盘组(ASM diskgroup)

查看OCR信息


[grid@myrac1 ~]$ ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
        Version                  :          3
        Total space (kbytes)     :     262120
        Used space (kbytes)      :       3152
        Available space (kbytes) :     258968
        ID                       :  943942235
        Device/File Name         :  +ORADATA1
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
        Cluster registry integrity check succeeded
 
        Logical corruption check bypassed due to non-privileged user



添加OCR磁盘组


[root@myrac1 dev]# ocrconfig -add +NOCR
[root@myrac1 dev]# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
        Version                  :          3
        Total space (kbytes)     :     262120
        Used space (kbytes)      :       3152
        Available space (kbytes) :     258968
        ID                       :  943942235
        Device/File Name         :  +ORADATA1
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded
        Device/File Name         :      +NOCR
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
        Cluster registry integrity check succeeded
 
        Logical corruption check succeeded
 
[root@myrac1 dev]#



删除旧OCR磁盘组


[root@myrac1 ~]# ocrconfig -delete +ORADATA1
[root@myrac1 ~]# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
        Version                  :          3
        Total space (kbytes)     :     262120
        Used space (kbytes)      :       3152
        Available space (kbytes) :     258968
        ID                       :  943942235
        Device/File Name         :      +NOCR
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
                                    Device/File not configured
 
        Cluster registry integrity check succeeded
 
        Logical corruption check succeeded
 
[root@myrac1 ~]#


查看votedisks信息,迁移至新磁盘组


[root@myrac1 ~]# crsctl query css votedisk
##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group
--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------
 1. ONLINE   30f8194c62ee4f94bf0da8c5cdd174b6 (ORCL:OCR1) [DATA]
 2. ONLINE   866e0b01fabc4f29bf3935f9c02bfaea (ORCL:OCR2) [DATA]
 3. ONLINE   78a869e1fa844f65bf5b2b05cc93bb27 (ORCL:OCR3) [DATA]
Located 3 voting disk(s).
[root@myrac1 ~]#
[root@myrac1 ~]#
[root@myrac1 ~]# crsctl replace votedisk +NOCR
Successful addition of voting disk 89681e4b76bf4f0fbf09e8d5879af2d4.
Successful deletion of voting disk 30f8194c62ee4f94bf0da8c5cdd174b6.
Successful deletion of voting disk 866e0b01fabc4f29bf3935f9c02bfaea.
Successful deletion of voting disk 78a869e1fa844f65bf5b2b05cc93bb27.
Successfully replaced voting disk group with +NOCR.
CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced
[root@myrac1 ~]# crsctl query css votedisk
##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group
--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------
 1. ONLINE   89681e4b76bf4f0fbf09e8d5879af2d4 (ORCL:NOCR1) [NOCR]
Located 1 voting disk(s).
[root@myrac1 ~]#


4、Moving server side ASM SPfile to new ASM diskgroup

查看ASM SPFILE 信息,迁移到新磁盘组


[grid@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 06:51:27 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
 
SQL> show parameter spfile
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
spfile                                string    +ORADATA1/myrac-cluster/asmpar
                                           ameterfile/asmspfile.ora
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
[grid@myrac1 ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> spget
+ORADATA1/myrac-cluster/asmparameterfile/asmspfile.ora
ASMCMD> exit
[grid@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 06:52:24 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
SQL> create pfile='/tmp/asm_pfile.ora' from spfile;
 
File created.
 
SQL> create spfile='+NOCR' from pfile='/tmp/asm_pfile.ora';
 
File created.
 
SQL>


查看ASM日志信息



Thu Feb 09 06:54:35 2017
NOTE: updated gpnp profile ASM diskstring:
NOTE: updated gpnp profile ASM SPFILE to +NOCR/myrac-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.935477673
[grid@myrac1 ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> spget
+NOCR/myrac-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.935477673
ASMCMD>


5、Moving database related files to new ASM diskgroup

控制文件迁移


[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 07:00:06 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
 
SQL> show parameter control
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
control_file_record_keep_time          integer  7
control_files                      string    +DATA/myrac/controlfile/curren
                                           t.256.935374197
control_management_pack_access          string    DIAGNOSTIC+TUNING
SQL> alter system set control_files='+NDATA' scope=spfile sid='*';
 
System altered.
 
SQL> show parameter control
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
control_file_record_keep_time          integer  7
control_files                      string    +DATA/myrac/controlfile/curren
                                           t.256.935374197
control_management_pack_access          string    DIAGNOSTIC+TUNING
SQL>


关闭数据库


[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ srvctl stop database -d myrac
[oracle@myrac1 ~]$


启动实例1到nomount状态


[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ srvctl start instance -d myrac -i myrac1 -o nomount
[oracle@myrac1 ~]$

RMAN Restore



[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ rman target /
 
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Thu Feb 9 07:20:16 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
 
connected to target database: MYRAC (not mounted)
 
RMAN> restore controlfile from '+DATA/myrac/controlfile/current.256.935374197';
Starting restore at 09-FEB-17
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=34 instance=myrac1 device type=DISK
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: copied control file copy
output file name=+NDATA/myrac/controlfile/current.257.935479241
Finished restore at 09-FEB-17
 
RMAN>



完成迁移


[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 07:22:11 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
 
SQL> alter database mount;
 
Database altered.
 
SQL> alter database open;   
 
Database altered.
SQL> show parameter control
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
control_file_record_keep_time          integer  7
control_files                      string    +NDATA/myrac/controlfile/curre
                                           nt.257.935479241
control_management_pack_access          string    DIAGNOSTIC+TUNING
SQL>


6、Moving SPfile to new ASM diskgroup

查看参数文件


SQL> show parameter spfile
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
spfile                                string    +ORADATA1/myrac/spfilemyrac.or
                                           a
SQL> create pfile='/tmp/pfile_db.ora' from spfile;
 
File created.
 
SQL> create spfile='+NDATA' from pfile='/tmp/pfile_db.ora';
 
File created.
 
SQL>


ASMCMD移动SPFILE文件位置


[grid@myrac1 trace]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> spget
+NOCR/myrac-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.935477673
ASMCMD> ls
DATA/
NDATA/
NOCR/
ORADATA1/
ASMCMD> cd ndata
ASMCMD> ls
MYRAC/
ASMCMD> cd myrac
ASMCMD> ls
CONTROLFILE/
PARAMETERFILE/
ASMCMD> cd parameterfile
ASMCMD> ls
spfile.258.935480051
ASMCMD>  mkalias +NDATA/myrac/parameterfile/spfile.258.935480051 +NDATA/myrac/spfilemyrac.ora
ASMCMD> ls -l
Type           Redund  Striped  Time             Sys  Name
                                                 Y    CONTROLFILE/
                                                 Y    PARAMETERFILE/
                                                 N    spfilemyrac.ora => +NDATA/MYRAC/PARAMETERFILE/spfile.258.935480051
ASMCMD>


编辑spfile


[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$ cat initmyrac1.ora
SPFILE='+ORADATA1/myrac/spfilemyrac.ora'         # line added by Agent
[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$ vim initmyrac1.ora
[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$ cat initmyrac1.ora
SPFILE='+NDATA/myrac/spfilemyrac.ora'         # line added by Agent
[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$
 
[oracle@myrac2 dbs]$ cat initmyrac2.ora
SPFILE='+ORADATA1/myrac/spfilemyrac.ora'         # line added by Agent
[oracle@myrac2 dbs]$ vim initmyrac2.ora
[oracle@myrac2 dbs]$ cat initmyrac2.ora
SPFILE='+NDATA/myrac/spfilemyrac.ora'         # line added by Agent
[oracle@myrac2 dbs]$


srvctl修改数据库参数文件位置


[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$ srvctl modify database -d myrac -p +NDATA/MYRAC/spfilemyrac.ora
[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$ srvctl config database -d myrac
Database unique name: myrac
Database name: myrac
Oracle home: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2/db_1
Oracle user: oracle
Spfile: +NDATA/MYRAC/spfilemyrac.ora
Domain: weidong.zhang
Start options: open
Stop options: immediate
Database role: PRIMARY
Management policy: AUTOMATIC
Server pools: myrac
Database instances: myrac1,myrac2
Disk Groups: ORADATA1,DATA,NDATA
Mount point paths:
Services:
Type: RAC
Database is administrator managed


用新的spfile以及controlfile启动,验证正确性。


[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ srvctl start database -d myrac
[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 08:36:24 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
 
SQL> show parameter spfile
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
spfile                                string    +NDATA/myrac/spfilemyrac.ora
SQL>
SQL> show parameter control
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
control_file_record_keep_time          integer  7
control_files                     string    +NDATA/myrac/controlfile/curre
                                           nt.257.935479241
control_management_pack_access          string    DIAGNOSTIC+TUNING
SQL>


7、Moving data files to new ASM diskgroup

保证数据库处于归档模式。rman进行backup as copy 操作


SQL> archive log list;
Database log mode             Archive Mode
Automatic archival        Enabled
Archive destination              +DATA
Oldest online log sequence     35
Next log sequence to archive   36
Current log sequence          36
 
[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$ rman target /
 
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Thu Feb 9 08:41:47 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
 
connected to target database: MYRAC (DBID=42893065)
 
RMAN> backup as copy database format '+NDATA';
 
Starting backup at 09-FEB-17
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=56 instance=myrac1 device type=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00001 name=+DATA/myrac/datafile/system.261.935388681
output file name=+NDATA/myrac/datafile/system.259.935484205 tag=TAG20170209T084324 RECID=16 STAMP=935484210
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00002 name=+DATA/myrac/datafile/sysaux.264.935388699
output file name=+NDATA/myrac/datafile/sysaux.260.935484213 tag=TAG20170209T084324 RECID=17 STAMP=935484218
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00006 name=+DATA/myrac/datafile/test_temp_tablespace.268.935388711
output file name=+NDATA/myrac/datafile/test_temp_tablespace.261.935484219 tag=TAG20170209T084324 RECID=18 STAMP=935484222
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00003 name=+DATA/myrac/datafile/undotbs1.265.935388707
output file name=+NDATA/myrac/datafile/undotbs1.262.935484223 tag=TAG20170209T084324 RECID=19 STAMP=935484223
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00005 name=+DATA/myrac/datafile/undotbs2.267.935388709
output file name=+NDATA/myrac/datafile/undotbs2.263.935484225 tag=TAG20170209T084324 RECID=20 STAMP=935484224
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
copying current control file
output file name=+NDATA/myrac/controlfile/backup.264.935484227 tag=TAG20170209T084324 RECID=21 STAMP=935484229
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00004 name=+DATA/myrac/datafile/users.266.935388709
output file name=+NDATA/myrac/datafile/users.265.935484231 tag=TAG20170209T084324 RECID=22 STAMP=935484231
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:04
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backup set
including current SPFILE in backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 09-FEB-17
channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 09-FEB-17
piece handle=+NDATA/myrac/backupset/2017_02_09/nnsnf0_tag20170209t084324_0.266.935484233 tag=TAG20170209T084324 comment=NONE
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
Finished backup at 09-FEB-17
 
==================================



RMAN>
 
[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ srvctl stop database -d myrac -o immediate
[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 08:47:32 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Connected to an idle instance.
 
SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.
 
Total System Global Area 1653518336 bytes
Fixed Size                  2253784 bytes
Variable Size         1493175336 bytes
Database Buffers     150994944 bytes
Redo Buffers             7094272 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL>
===============================================
[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$ rman target /
 
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Thu Feb 9 08:48:39 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
 
connected to target database: MYRAC (DBID=42893065, not open)
 
RMAN> switch database to copy;
 
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
datafile 1 switched to datafile copy "+NDATA/myrac/datafile/system.259.935484205"
datafile 2 switched to datafile copy "+NDATA/myrac/datafile/sysaux.260.935484213"
datafile 3 switched to datafile copy "+NDATA/myrac/datafile/undotbs1.262.935484223"
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy "+NDATA/myrac/datafile/users.265.935484231"
datafile 5 switched to datafile copy "+NDATA/myrac/datafile/undotbs2.263.935484225"
datafile 6 switched to datafile copy "+NDATA/myrac/datafile/test_temp_tablespace.261.935484219"
 
RMAN> recover database;
 
Starting recover at 09-FEB-17
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=37 instance=myrac1 device type=DISK
 
starting media recovery
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
 
Finished recover at 09-FEB-17
 
RMAN>


 

启动数据库


[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ srvctl stop database -d myrac
[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ srvctl start database -d myrac
[oracle@myrac1 dbs]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 08:57:56 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
 
SQL>
SQL> SQL> select file_name from dba_data_files;
 
FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+NDATA/myrac/datafile/users.265.935484231
+NDATA/myrac/datafile/undotbs1.262.935484223
+NDATA/myrac/datafile/sysaux.260.935484213
+NDATA/myrac/datafile/system.259.935484205
+NDATA/myrac/datafile/undotbs2.263.935484225
+NDATA/myrac/datafile/test_temp_tablespace.261.935484219
 
6 rows selected.
 
SQL>


8、Moving temp files to new ASM diskgroup

查看temp 文件


SQL>  select file_name from dba_temp_files;   
 
FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+DATA/myrac/tempfile/temp.258.935389865
 
SQL>


 

修改db_create_file_dest参数


SQL> show parameter db_c
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_cache_advice              string    ON
db_cache_size                          big integer 0
db_create_file_dest                   string    +DATA
db_create_online_log_dest_1            string
db_create_online_log_dest_2            string
db_create_online_log_dest_3            string
db_create_online_log_dest_4            string
db_create_online_log_dest_5            string
SQL> alter system set db_create_file_dest = '+NDATA';
 
System altered.
 
SQL> show parameter db_c
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_cache_advice              string    ON
db_cache_size                          big integer 0
db_create_file_dest                   string    +NDATA
db_create_online_log_dest_1            string
db_create_online_log_dest_2            string
db_create_online_log_dest_3            string
db_create_online_log_dest_4            string
db_create_online_log_dest_5            string
SQL>


增加临时文件


由于已经设置了 db_create_file_dest参数,创建时会直接在NDATA上
SQL> select file_name from dba_temp_files;
 
FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+DATA/myrac/tempfile/temp.258.935389865
 
SQL> alter tablespace temp add tempfile; 
 
Tablespace altered.
 
SQL> select file_name from dba_temp_files;
 
FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+NDATA/myrac/tempfile/temp.267.935485927
+DATA/myrac/tempfile/temp.258.935389865


 

删除原有临时文件


 
SQL> alter tablespace temp drop tempfile '+DATA/myrac/tempfile/temp.258.935389865';
 
Tablespace altered.
 
SQL> select file_name from dba_temp_files;
 
FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+NDATA/myrac/tempfile/temp.267.935485927
 
SQL>


9、Moving online redo log files to new ASM diskgroup


SQL> select group#,member from v$logfile;
 
    GROUP# MEMBER
---------- ---------------------------------------------
        1 +DATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_1.269.935390433
        2 +DATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_2.270.935390443
        3 +DATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_3.271.935390447
        4 +DATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_4.272.935390453
        1 +DATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_1.273.935390965
        2 +DATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_2.274.935390973
        3 +DATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_3.275.935390977
        4 +DATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_4.276.935390983
 
8 rows selected.


 

将新磁盘组添加进logfile日志组


SQL> alter database add logfile member '+NDATA' ,'+NDATA' to group 1;
 
Database altered.
 
SQL> alter database add logfile member '+NDATA' ,'+NDATA' to group 2;
 
Database altered.
 
SQL> alter database add logfile member '+NDATA' ,'+NDATA' to group 3;
 
Database altered.
 
SQL> alter database add logfile member '+NDATA' ,'+NDATA' to group 4;
 
Database altered.
 
SQL> alter database add logfile member '+NDATA' ,'+NDATA' to group 5;
 
Database altered.


删除原日志成员(注:切换为非当前日志进行删除)

 

依次删除原日志组成员


SQL>alter database drop logfile member '+DATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_3.275.935390977';


 

若无法删除,可进行日志切换


alter system switch logfile;
alter system checkpoint;



SQL> select log.group#,log.status,logfile.member from v$log log, v$logfile logfile where log.group#=logfile.group# order by group#;
 
    GROUP# STATUS      MEMBER
---------- ---------------- ---------------------------------------------
        1 INACTIVE      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_1.277.935488433
        1 INACTIVE      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_1.278.935489653
        2 CURRENT      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_2.269.935487101
        2 CURRENT      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_2.273.935487191
        3 INACTIVE      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_3.270.935487107
        3 INACTIVE      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_3.274.935487197
        4 CURRENT      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_4.271.935487115
        4 CURRENT      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_4.275.935487203
        5 INACTIVE      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_5.276.935487665
        5 INACTIVE      +NDATA/myrac/onlinelog/group_5.272.935490035

10、修改闪回区,归档路径


SQL> show parameter recover
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_recovery_file_dest               string    +DATA
db_recovery_file_dest_size        big integer 4407M
db_unrecoverable_scn_tracking       boolean       TRUE
recovery_parallelism                 integer  0
SQL>

SQL>
SQL> alter system set db_recovery_file_dest='+NDATA';
System altered.
 

SQL> show parameter recover
 
NAME                               TYPE     VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_recovery_file_dest               string    +NDATA
db_recovery_file_dest_size        big integer 4407M
db_unrecoverable_scn_tracking       boolean       TRUE
recovery_parallelism                 integer  0
SQL> archive log list
Database log mode             Archive Mode
Automatic archival        Enabled
Archive destination              +DATA
Oldest online log sequence     50
Next log sequence to archive   51
Current log sequence          51

SQL> alter system set log_archive_dest_1='location=+NDATA';
 
System altered.

SQL> archive log list
Database log mode             Archive Mode
Automatic archival        Enabled
Archive destination              +NDATA
Oldest online log sequence     50
Next log sequence to archive   51
Current log sequence          51
SQL>

11、Dropping old disk groups


[grid@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 10:45:50 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
 
SQL> alter diskgroup data dismount;
 
Diskgroup altered.
 
SQL> alter diskgroup oradata1 dismount;
 
Diskgroup altered.
 
[grid@myrac2 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 10:51:39 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
 
SQL> alter diskgroup data dismount;
 
Diskgroup altered.
 
SQL>  alter diskgroup oradata1 dismount;
 
Diskgroup altered.
 
SQL>
 
SQL> drop diskgroup data including contents;
drop diskgroup data including contents
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15039: diskgroup not dropped
ORA-15001: diskgroup "DATA" does not exist or is not mounted
SQL> drop diskgroup data force including contents;
drop diskgroup data force including contents
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15039: diskgroup not dropped
ORA-15073: diskgroup DATA is mounted by another ASM instance
 
 
SQL> drop diskgroup data force including contents;
 
Diskgroup dropped.
 
SQL> drop diskgroup oradata1 force including contents;
 
Diskgroup dropped.
 
SQL>
 

Remove the disks from OCR

 

[root@myrac1 ~]# srvctl remove diskgroup -g DATA
PRCA-1002 : Failed to remove CRS resource ora.DATA.dg for ASM Disk Group DATA
PRCR-1028 : Failed to remove resource ora.DATA.dg
PRCR-1072 : Failed to unregister resource ora.DATA.dg
CRS-0222: Resource 'ora.DATA.dg' has dependency error.
[root@myrac1 ~]# srvctl modify database -d myrac -a "NDATA,NOCR"
[root@myrac1 ~]# srvctl remove diskgroup -g DATA
[root@myrac1 ~]# srvctl remove diskgroup -g ORADATA1

至此已经全部完成存储迁移。其中需要多次重启数据库,有少量停机时间,做好数据备份

② 使用ASM rebalance迁移

Oracle数据库文件部署在ASM上,需要尽量短的停机时间完成此次存储更换。由于不涉及异构的迁移转换,迁移起来也不难,无需借助三方的工具来完成这次高可用切换。因此使用ASM的热添加和删除磁盘的方式完成存储迁移, 该方法可以实现迁移过程中系统的零停机,但整个操作进度不可控,数据重组过程中无法把握进度和风险,所以慎用。

 

在前面一部分我们已经将原数据库存储迁移至新的ASM磁盘组NDATA、NOCR两个磁盘组上,现在要利用ASM rebalance特性进行零停机迁移。将存储替换为新存储的NDATA1和NOCR1两个新的ASM磁盘组内。

迁移步骤

首先,介绍迁移的简单过程。步骤如下:

1)    划分raw或者asm disk,并检查或更改asm参数,例如asm_disktring,使得新存储的asm disk对ASM实例可识别。

2)    备份OCR、Voting Disk、ASM disk header和数据库。

3)    将新存储disk添加到现有的asm diskgroup中。

4)    删除旧存储对应的asm disk。

5)    观察期。

添加ASM磁盘

查看当前ASM磁盘组信息:


[grid@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 11:07:29 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
 
SQL> select instance_name from v$instance;
 
NAME        ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE STATE         TOTAL_MB USABLE_FILE_MB
---------- -------------------- ----------- ---------- --------------
NDATA                 1048576 MOUNTED     30708           28386
NOCR                   1048576 MOUNTED      3057           2657
NDATA                 1048576 MOUNTED     30708           28386
NOCR                   1048576 MOUNTED      3057           2657
 
SQL>
SQL> select failgroup, name from v$asm_disk where group_number=(select group_number from v$asm_diskgroup where name = 'NDATA');
 
FAILGROUP                 NAME
------------------------------ ----------
NDATA1                      NDATA1
NDATA2                      NDATA2
NDATA3                      NDATA3
 
SQL> select failgroup, name from v$asm_disk where group_number=(select group_number from v$asm_diskgroup where name = 'NOCR');
 
FAILGROUP                 NAME
------------------------------ ----------
NOCR1                        NOCR1
NOCR2                        NOCR2
NOCR3                        NOCR3
 
SQL>
 


 

添加ASM磁盘:


SQL> alter diskgroup NDATA add disk 'ORCL:DATA1','ORCL:DATA2','ORCL:DATA3' rebalance power 10;
 
Diskgroup altered.
 
SQL> alter diskgroup NOCR add disk 'ORCL:OCR1','ORCL:OCR2','ORCL:OCR3' rebalance power 10;
 
Diskgroup altered.
 


rebalance进度查看


[grid@myrac1 disks]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 11:20:03 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
 
SQL> set line 150
SQL> col ERROR_CODE for a5
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation
  2  ;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          1 REBAL RUN          10       10          776       1153    2956           0
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          1 REBAL RUN          10       10         1101       1153   2444           0
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          2 REBAL RUN          10       10           50       181    2287           0
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
no rows selected
 
SQL>


完成后,查看ASM磁盘组信息


SQL> select NAME, ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE, STATE, TOTAL_MB, FREE_MB USABLE_FILE_MB from gv$asm_diskgroup;
 
NAME        ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE STATE         TOTAL_MB USABLE_FILE_MB
---------- -------------------- ----------- ---------- --------------
NDATA                 1048576 MOUNTED     61416           59088
NOCR                   1048576 MOUNTED      3057           2657
NDATA                 1048576 MOUNTED     61416           59088
NOCR                   1048576 MOUNTED      3057           2657
 
SQL> select failgroup, name from v$asm_disk where group_number=(select group_number from v$asm_diskgroup where name = 'NDATA');
 
FAILGROUP                 NAME
------------------------------ ----------
DATA1                         DATA1
DATA2                         DATA2
DATA3                         DATA3
NDATA1                      NDATA1
NDATA2                      NDATA2
NDATA3                      NDATA3
 
6 rows selected.
 
SQL>
SQL>  select failgroup, name from v$asm_disk where group_number=(select group_number from v$asm_diskgroup where name = 'NOCR');
 
FAILGROUP                 NAME
------------------------------ ----------
NOCR1                        NOCR1
NOCR2                        NOCR2
NOCR3                        NOCR3
OCR1                          OCR1
OCR2                          OCR2
OCR3                          OCR3
 
6 rows selected.
 
SQL>


删除旧的ASM磁盘


alter diskgroup NDATA drop disk 'NDATA1','NDATA2','NDATA3' rebalance power 10;
alter diskgroup NOCR drop disk 'NOCR1','NOCR2','NOCR3' rebalance power 10;

SQL> alter diskgroup NDATA drop disk 'NDATA1','NDATA2','NDATA3' rebalance power 10;
 
Diskgroup altered.
 
SQL> alter diskgroup NOCR drop disk 'NOCR1','NOCR2','NOCR3' rebalance power 10;
 
Diskgroup altered.
 
SQL>

首先,完成旧的ASM磁盘删除后,观察rebalance情况:


SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          2 REBAL RUN          10       10           50       181    2287           0
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          2 REBAL WAIT        10
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          2 REBAL WAIT        10
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
no rows selected
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          1 REBAL RUN          10       10            3       1174    3539           0
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          1 REBAL RUN          10       10          696       1174    2754           0
          2 REBAL WAIT        10
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          1 REBAL RUN          10       10         828       1174    2552           0
          2 REBAL WAIT        10
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          1 REBAL RUN          10       10          962       1174    1925           0
          2 REBAL WAIT        10
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          1 REBAL RUN          10       10         1066       1174   1679           0
          2 REBAL WAIT        10
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          1 REBAL RUN          10       10         1171       1174   1745           0
          2 REBAL WAIT        10
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL    SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE EST_MINUTES ERROR
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- -----
          1 REBAL WAIT        10
 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;
 
no rows selected
 
SQL>


没有记录,说明Rebalance完成,无报错

查询删除后的ASM磁盘组状态


SQL> select NAME, ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE, STATE, TOTAL_MB, FREE_MB USABLE_FILE_MB from gv$asm_diskgroup;
 
NAME        ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE STATE         TOTAL_MB USABLE_FILE_MB
---------- -------------------- ----------- ---------- --------------
NDATA                 1048576 MOUNTED     30708           28386
NOCR                   1048576 MOUNTED      3057           2657
NDATA                 1048576 MOUNTED     30708           28386
NOCR                   1048576 MOUNTED      3057           2657
 
SQL>  select failgroup, name from v$asm_disk where group_number=(select group_number from v$asm_diskgroup where name = 'NOCR');
 
FAILGROUP                 NAME
------------------------------ ----------
OCR1                          OCR1
OCR2                          OCR2
OCR3                          OCR3
 
SQL> select failgroup, name from v$asm_disk where group_number=(select group_number from v$asm_diskgroup where name = 'NDATA');
 
FAILGROUP                 NAME
------------------------------ ----------
DATA1                         DATA1
DATA2                         DATA2
DATA3                         DATA3
 
SQL>


 

查询数据,测试


[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Feb 9 11:43:55 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
 
SQL> select * from test1;
 
NAME              JIU ADDRESS
---------- ---------- ----------------------------------------
1                1 0
2                2 1
3                3 2
SQL> conn test;
Enter password:
Connected.
SQL> select * from test1;
 
ID   NAME
---- ----------
1    A
2    B
3    C
4    D
 
SQL>


完成测试

至此,已经完成ASM磁盘组的在线切换,且无停机时间

总结

综合比较,还是采取ASM Rebalance方式进行迁移最为方便,而且能实现无停机时间,只是Rebalance有一定风险。故需要做好数据库的完整性的、可恢复性的备份。

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