UNITY的UI之Pivot与Anchor区别-阿里云开发者社区

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UNITY的UI之Pivot与Anchor区别

简介:

Pivot

Rotations, size, and scale modifications occur around the pivot so the position of the pivot affects the outcome of a rotation, resizing, or scaling. When the toolbar Pivot button is set to Pivot mode, the pivot of a Rect Transform can be moved in the Scene View.

Anchors

Rect Transforms include a layout concept called anchors. Anchors are shown as four small triangular handles in the Scene View and anchor information is also shown in the Inspector.

If the parent of a Rect Transform is also a Rect Transform, the child Rect Transform can be anchored to the parent Rect Transform in various ways. For example, the child can be anchored to the center of the parent, or to one of the corners.

UI element anchored to the center of the parent. The element maintains a fixed offset to the center. UI element anchored to the center of the parent. The element maintains a fixed offset to the center.UI element anchored to the lower right corner of the parent. The element maintains a fixed offset to the lower right corner.UI element anchored to the lower right corner of the parent. The element maintains a fixed offset to the lower right corner.

The anchoring also allows the child to stretch together with the width or height of the parent. Each corner of the rectangle has a fixed offset to its corresponding anchor, i.e. the top left corner of the rectangle has a fixed offset to the top left anchor, etc. This way the different corners of the rectangle can be anchored to different points in the parent rectangle.

UI element with left corners anchored to lower left corner of the parent and right corners anchored to lower right. The corners of the element maintains fixed offsets to their respective anchors.UI element with left corners anchored to lower left corner of the parent and right corners anchored to lower right. The corners of the element maintains fixed offsets to their respective anchors.

The positions of the anchors are defined in fractions (or percentages) of the parent rectangle width and height. 0.0 (0%) corresponds to the left or bottom side, 0.5 (50%) to the middle, and 1.0 (100%) to the right or top side. But anchors are not limited to the sides and middle; they can be anchored to any point within the parent rectangle.

UI element with left corners anchored to a point a certain percentage from the left side of the parent and right corners anchored to a point a certain percentage from the right side of the parent rectangle.UI element with left corners anchored to a point a certain percentage from the left side of the parent and right corners anchored to a point a certain percentage from the right side of the parent rectangle.

You can drag each of the anchors individually, or if they are together, you can drag them together by clicking in the middle in between them and dragging. If you hold down Shift key while dragging an anchor, the corresponding corner of the rectangle will move together with the anchor.

A useful feature of the anchor handles is that they automatically snap to the anchors of sibling rectangles to allow for precise positioning.

Anchor presets

In the Inspector, the Anchor Preset button can be found in the upper left corner of the Rect Transform component. Clicking the button brings up the Anchor Presets dropdown. From here you can quickly select from some of the most common anchoring options. You can anchor the UI element to the sides or middle of the parent, or stretch together with the parent size. The horizontal and vertical anchoring is independent.

The Anchor Presets buttons displays the currently selected preset option if there is one. If the anchors on either the horizontal or vertical axis are set to different positions than any of the presets, the custom options is shown.

Anchor and position fields in the Inspector

You can click the Anchors expansion arrow to reveal the anchor number fields if they are not already visible. Anchor Mincorresponds to the lower left anchor handle in the Scene View, and Anchor Max corresponds to the upper right handle.

The position fields of rectangle are shown differently depending on whether the anchors are together (which produces a fixed width and height) or separated (which causes the rectangle to stretch together with the parent rectangle).

When all the anchor handles are together the fields displayed are Pos X, Pos Y, Width and Height. The Pos X and Pos Y values indicate the position of the pivot relative to the anchors.

When the anchors are separated the fields can change partially or completely to Left, Right, Top and Bottom. These fields define the padding inside the rectangle defined by the anchors. The Left and Right fields are used if the anchors are separated horizontally and the Top and Bottom fields are used if they are separated vertically.

Note that changing the values in the anchor or pivot fields will normally counter-adjust the positioning values in order to make the rectangle stay in place. If cases where this is not desired, the Raw Mode can be enabled using a small button in the Inspector. This causes the anchor and pivot value to be able to be changed without any other values changing as a result. This will likely cause the rectangle to be visually moved or resized, since its position and size is dependent on the anchor and pivot values.

本文转自jiahuafu博客园博客,原文链接http://www.cnblogs.com/jiahuafu/p/6542363.html如需转载请自行联系原作者


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