JSON-lib框架,转换JSON、XML不再困难-阿里云开发者社区

开发者社区> 开发与运维> 正文
登录阅读全文

JSON-lib框架,转换JSON、XML不再困难

简介:

Json-lib可以将Java对象转成json格式的字符串,也可以将Java对象转换成xml格式的文档,同样可以将json字符串转换成Java对象或是将xml字符串转换成Java对象。

一、 准备工作

1、 首先要去官方下载json-lib工具包

下载地址:

http://sourceforge.net/projects/json-lib/files/json-lib/json-lib-2.4/

目前最新的是2.4的版本,本示例中使用的是v2.3;json-lib还需要以下依赖包:

jakarta commons-lang 2.5

jakarta commons-beanutils 1.8.0

jakarta commons-collections 3.2.1

jakarta commons-logging 1.1.1

ezmorph 1.0.6

官方网址:http://json-lib.sourceforge.net/

然后在工程中添加如下jar包:

clip_image002

当然你也可以用2.4的json-lib库

你可以在这里看看官方提供的示例:

http://json-lib.sourceforge.net/usage.html

由于本次介绍的示例需要junit工具,所以你还需要添加junit的jar文件,版本是4.8.2版本的,下载地址:https://github.com/KentBeck/junit/downloads

如果你还不了解JSON是什么?那么你应该可以看看http://www.json.org/json-zh.html

2、 要转换的JavaBean的代码如下:


package com.hoo.entity;
 
public class Student {
 private int id;
 private String name;
 private String email;
 private String address;
 private Birthday birthday;
 
 //setter、getter
 public String toString() {
 return this.name + "#" + this.id + "#" + this.address + "#" + this.birthday + "#" + this.email;
 }
}

Birthday.java

package com.hoo.entity;
 
public class Birthday {
 private String birthday;
 
 public Birthday(String birthday) {
 super();
 this.birthday = birthday;
 }
 //setter、getter
 public Birthday() {}
 
 @Override
 public String toString() {
 return this.birthday;
 }
}

注意,上面的getter、setter方法省略了,自己构建下。

3、 新建JsonlibTest测试类,基本代码如下:


package com.hoo.test;
 
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import net.sf.json.JSON;
import net.sf.json.JSONArray;
import net.sf.json.JSONFunction;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;
import net.sf.json.JSONSerializer;
import net.sf.json.JsonConfig;
import net.sf.json.processors.JsonValueProcessor;
import net.sf.json.util.PropertyFilter;
import net.sf.json.xml.XMLSerializer;
import org.apache.commons.beanutils.PropertyUtils;
import org.junit.After;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import com.hoo.entity.Birthday;
import com.hoo.entity.Student;
 
/**
 * <b>function:</b> 用json-lib转换java对象到JSON字符串
 * 读取json字符串到java对象,序列化jsonObject到xml
 * json-lib-version: json-lib-2.3-jdk15.jar
 * 依赖包: 
 * commons-beanutils.jar
 * commons-collections-3.2.jar
 * ezmorph-1.0.3.jar
 * commons-lang.jar
 * commons-logging.jar
 * @author hoojo
 * @createDate Nov 28, 2010 2:28:39 PM
 * @file JsonlibTest.java
 * @package com.hoo.test
 * @project WebHttpUtils
 * @blog http://blog.csdn.net/IBM_hoojo
 * @email hoojo_@126.com
 * @version 1.0
 */
@SuppressWarnings({ "deprecation", "unchecked" })
public class JsonlibTest {
 private JSONArray jsonArray = null;
 private JSONObject jsonObject = null;
 
 private Student bean = null;
 
 @Before
 public void init() {
 jsonArray = new JSONArray(); 
 jsonObject = new JSONObject(); 
 
 bean = new Student();
 bean.setAddress("address");
 bean.setEmail("email");
 bean.setId(1);
 bean.setName("haha");
 Birthday day = new Birthday();
 day.setBirthday("2010-11-22");
 bean.setBirthday(day);
 }
 
 @After
 public void destory() {
 jsonArray = null;
 jsonObject = null;
 bean = null;
 System.gc();
 }
 
 public final void fail(String string) {
 System.out.println(string);
 }
 
 public final void failRed(String string) {
 System.err.println(string);
 }
 
}

上面的init会在每个方法之前运行,destory会在每个方法完成后执行。分别用到了junit的@Before、@After注解,如果你对junit的这些注解不是很了解,可以看看junit官方的测试用例的example和doc;

JSONObject是将Java对象转换成一个json的Object形式,JSONArray是将一个Java对象转换成json的Array格式。

那什么是json的Object形式、Array形式?

用通俗易懂的方法将,所谓的json的Object形式就是一个花括号里面存放的如JavaMap的键值对,如:{name:’hoojo’, age: 24};

那么json的Array形式呢?

就是中括号,括起来的数组。如:[ ‘json’, true, 22];

如果你还想了解更多json方面的知识,请看:http://www.json.org/json-zh.html

除了上面的JSONArray、JSONObject可以将Java对象转换成JSON或是相反,将JSON字符串转换成Java对象,还有一个对象也可以完成上面的功能,它就是JSONSerializer;下面我们就来看看它们是怎么玩转Java对象和JSON的。

二、 Java对象序列化成JSON对象

1、 将JavaObject转换吃JSON字符串

在JsonlibTest中添加如下代码:


/*=========================Java Object >>>> JSON String ===========================*/
/**
 * <b>function:</b>转Java Bean对象到JSON
 * @author hoojo
 * @createDate Nov 28, 2010 2:35:54 PM
 */
@Test
public void writeEntity2JSON() {
 fail("==============Java Bean >>> JSON Object==================");
 fail(JSONObject.fromObject(bean).toString());
 fail("==============Java Bean >>> JSON Array==================");
 fail(JSONArray.fromObject(bean).toString());//array会在最外层套上[]
 fail("==============Java Bean >>> JSON Object ==================");
 fail(JSONSerializer.toJSON(bean).toString());
 
 fail("========================JsonConfig========================");
 JsonConfig jsonConfig = new JsonConfig(); 
 jsonConfig.registerJsonValueProcessor(Birthday.class, new JsonValueProcessor() {
 public Object processArrayValue(Object value, JsonConfig jsonConfig) {
 if (value == null) {
 return new Date();
 }
 return value;
 }
 
 public Object processObjectValue(String key, Object value, JsonConfig jsonConfig) {
 fail("key:" + key);
 return value + "##修改过的日期";
 }
 
 });
 jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(bean, jsonConfig);
 
 fail(jsonObject.toString());
 Student student = (Student) JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject, Student.class);
 fail(jsonObject.getString("birthday"));
 fail(student.toString());
 
 fail("#####################JsonPropertyFilter############################");
 jsonConfig.setJsonPropertyFilter(new PropertyFilter() {
 public boolean apply(Object source, String name, Object value) {
 fail(source + "%%%" + name + "--" + value);
 //忽略birthday属性
 if (value != null && Birthday.class.isAssignableFrom(value.getClass())) {
 return true;
 }
 return false;
 }
 }); 
 fail(JSONObject.fromObject(bean, jsonConfig).toString());
 fail("#################JavaPropertyFilter##################");
 jsonConfig.setRootClass(Student.class); 
 jsonConfig.setJavaPropertyFilter(new PropertyFilter() {
 public boolean apply(Object source, String name, Object value) {
 fail(name + "@" + value + "#" + source);
 if ("id".equals(name) || "email".equals(name)) {
 value = name + "@@";
 return true;
 }
 return false;
 }
 }); 
 //jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(bean, jsonConfig);
 //student = (Student) JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject, Student.class);
 //fail(student.toString());
 student = (Student) JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject, jsonConfig);
 fail("Student:" + student.toString());
}

fromObject将Java对象转换成json字符串,toBean将json对象转换成Java对象;

上面方法值得注意的是使用了JsonConfig这个对象,这个对象可以在序列化的时候对JavaObject的数据进行处理、过滤等

上面的jsonConfig的registerJsonValueProcessor方法可以完成对象值的处理和修改,比如处理生日为null时,给一个特定的值。同样setJsonPropertyFilter和setJavaPropertyFilter都是完成对转换后的值的处理。

运行上面的代码可以在控制台看到如下结果:


==============Java Bean >>> JSON Object==================
{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"haha"}
==============Java Bean >>> JSON Array==================
[{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"haha"}]
==============Java Bean >>> JSON Object ==================
{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"haha"}
========================JsonConfig========================
key:birthday
{"address":"address","birthday":"2010-11-22##修改过的日期","email":"email","id":1,"name":"haha"}
2010-11-22##修改过的日期
haha#1#address#null#email
#####################JsonPropertyFilter############################
haha#1#address#2010-11-22#email%%%address--address
haha#1#address#2010-11-22#email%%%birthday--2010-11-22
haha#1#address#2010-11-22#email%%%email--email
haha#1#address#2010-11-22#email%%%id--1
haha#1#address#2010-11-22#email%%%name--haha
{"address":"address","email":"email","id":1,"name":"haha"}
#################JavaPropertyFilter##################
address@address#null#0#null#null#null
birthday@2010-11-22##修改过的日期#null#0#address#null#null
email@email#null#0#address#null#null
id@1#null#0#address#null#null
name@haha#null#0#address#null#null
Student:haha#0#address#null#null

2、 将JavaList集合转换吃JSON字符串

/**
 * <b>function:</b>转换Java List集合到JSON
 * @author hoojo
 * @createDate Nov 28, 2010 2:36:15 PM
 */
@Test
public void writeList2JSON() {
 fail("==============Java List >>> JSON Array==================");
 List<Student> stu = new ArrayList<Student>();
 stu.add(bean);
 bean.setName("jack");
 stu.add(bean);
 fail(JSONArray.fromObject(stu).toString());
 fail(JSONSerializer.toJSON(stu).toString());
}

运行此方法后,可以看到控制台输出:

==============Java List >>> JSON Array==================
[{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"},
{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"}]
[{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"},
{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"}]

如果你是转换List集合,一定得用JSONArray或是JSONSrializer提供的序列化方法。如果你用JSONObject.fromObject方法转换List会出现异常,通常使用JSONSrializer这个JSON序列化的方法,它会自动识别你传递的对象的类型,然后转换成相应的JSON字符串。

3、 将Map集合转换成JSON对象


/**
 * <b>function:</b>转Java Map对象到JSON
 * @author hoojo
 * @createDate Nov 28, 2010 2:37:35 PM
 */
@Test
public void writeMap2JSON() {
 Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
 map.put("A", bean);
 
 bean.setName("jack");
 map.put("B", bean);
 map.put("name", "json");
 map.put("bool", Boolean.TRUE);
 map.put("int", new Integer(1));
 map.put("arr", new String[] { "a", "b" });
 map.put("func", "function(i){ return this.arr[i]; }"); 
 fail("==============Java Map >>> JSON Object==================");
 fail(JSONObject.fromObject(map).toString());
 fail("==============Java Map >>> JSON Array ==================");
 fail(JSONArray.fromObject(map).toString());
 fail("==============Java Map >>> JSON Object==================");
 fail(JSONSerializer.toJSON(map).toString());
}

上面的Map集合有JavaBean、String、Boolean、Integer、以及Array和js的function函数的字符串。

运行上面的程序,结果如下:


==============Java Map >>> JSON Object==================
{"arr":["a","b"],"A":{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"},"int":1,
"B":{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"},"name":"json",
"func":function(i){ return this.arr[i]; },"bool":true}
==============Java Map >>> JSON Array ==================
[{"arr":["a","b"],"A":{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"},"int":1,
"B":{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"},"name":"json",
"func":function(i){ return this.arr[i]; },"bool":true}]
==============Java Map >>> JSON Object==================
{"arr":["a","b"],"A":{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"},"int":1,
"B":{"address":"address","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email","id":1,"name":"jack"},"name":"json",
"func":function(i){ return this.arr[i]; },"bool":true}

4、 将更多类型转换成JSON


/**
 * <b>function:</b> 转换更多数组类型到JSON
 * @author hoojo
 * @createDate Nov 28, 2010 2:39:19 PM
 */
@Test
public void writeObject2JSON() {
 String[] sa = {"a", "b", "c"};
 fail("==============Java StringArray >>> JSON Array ==================");
 fail(JSONArray.fromObject(sa).toString());
 fail(JSONSerializer.toJSON(sa).toString());
 fail("==============Java boolean Array >>> JSON Array ==================");
 boolean[] bo = { true, false, true };
 fail(JSONArray.fromObject(bo).toString());
 fail(JSONSerializer.toJSON(bo).toString());
 Object[] o = { 1, "a", true, 'A', sa, bo };
 fail("==============Java Object Array >>> JSON Array ==================");
 fail(JSONArray.fromObject(o).toString());
 fail(JSONSerializer.toJSON(o).toString());
 fail("==============Java String >>> JSON ==================");
 fail(JSONArray.fromObject("['json','is','easy']").toString());
 fail(JSONObject.fromObject("{'json':'is easy'}").toString());
 fail(JSONSerializer.toJSON("['json','is','easy']").toString());
 fail("==============Java JSONObject >>> JSON ==================");
 jsonObject = new JSONObject() 
 .element("string", "JSON")
 .element("integer", "1")
 .element("double", "2.0")
 .element("boolean", "true"); 
 fail(JSONSerializer.toJSON(jsonObject).toString());
 
 fail("==============Java JSONArray >>> JSON ==================");
 jsonArray = new JSONArray() 
 .element( "JSON" ) 
 .element( "1" ) 
 .element( "2.0" ) 
 .element( "true" ); 
 fail(JSONSerializer.toJSON(jsonArray).toString());
 
 fail("==============Java JSONArray JsonConfig#setArrayMode >>> JSON ==================");
 List input = new ArrayList(); 
 input.add("JSON");
 input.add("1");
 input.add("2.0");
 input.add("true"); 
 JSONArray jsonArray = (JSONArray) JSONSerializer.toJSON( input ); 
 JsonConfig jsonConfig = new JsonConfig(); 
 jsonConfig.setArrayMode( JsonConfig.MODE_OBJECT_ARRAY ); 
 Object[] output = (Object[]) JSONSerializer.toJava(jsonArray, jsonConfig);
 System.out.println(output[0]);
 
 fail("==============Java JSONFunction >>> JSON ==================");
 String str = "{'func': function( param ){ doSomethingWithParam(param); }}"; 
 JSONObject jsonObject = (JSONObject) JSONSerializer.toJSON(str); 
 JSONFunction func = (JSONFunction) jsonObject.get("func"); 
 fail(func.getParams()[0]); 
 fail(func.getText() ); 
}

运行后结果如下:

==============Java StringArray >>> JSON Array ==================
["a","b","c"]
["a","b","c"]
==============Java boolean Array >>> JSON Array ==================
[true,false,true]
[true,false,true]
==============Java Object Array >>> JSON Array ==================
[1,"a",true,"A",["a","b","c"],[true,false,true]]
[1,"a",true,"A",["a","b","c"],[true,false,true]]
==============Java String >>> JSON ==================
["json","is","easy"]
{"json":"is easy"}
["json","is","easy"]
==============Java JSONObject >>> JSON ==================
{"string":"JSON","integer":"1","double":"2.0","boolean":"true"}
==============Java JSONArray >>> JSON ==================
["JSON","1","2.0","true"]
==============Java JSONArray JsonConfig#setArrayMode >>> JSON ==================
JSON
==============Java JSONFunction >>> JSON ==================
param
doSomethingWithParam(param);

这里还有一个JSONFunction的对象,可以转换JavaScript的function。可以获取方法参数和方法体。同时,还可以用JSONObject、JSONArray构建Java对象,完成Java对象到JSON字符串的转换。

三、 JSON对象反序列化成Java对象

1、 将json字符串转成Java对象


private String json = "{\"address\":\"chian\",\"birthday\":{\"birthday\":\"2010-11-22\"}," +
 "\"email\":\"email@123.com\",\"id\":22,\"name\":\"tom\"}";
/**
 * <b>function:</b>将json字符串转化为java对象
 * @author hoojo
 * @createDate Nov 28, 2010 3:01:16 PM
 */
@Test
public void readJSON2Bean() {
 fail("==============JSON Object String >>> Java Bean ==================");
 jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(json);
 Student stu = (Student) JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject, Student.class);
 fail(stu.toString());
}

运行后,结果如下:

==============JSON Object String >>> Java Bean ==================
tom#22#chian#2010-11-22#email@123.com

2、 将json字符串转换成动态Java对象(MorphDynaBean)

private String json = "{\"address\":\"chian\",\"birthday\":{\"birthday\":\"2010-11-22\"},"+
 "\"email\":\"email@123.com\",\"id\":22,\"name\":\"tom\"}";
 
@Test
public void readJSON2DynaBean() {
 try {
 fail("==============JSON Object String >>> Java MorphDynaBean ==================");
 JSON jo = JSONSerializer.toJSON(json);
 Object o = JSONSerializer.toJava(jo);//MorphDynaBean
 fail(PropertyUtils.getProperty(o, "address").toString());
 jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(json);
 fail(jsonObject.getString("email"));
 o = JSONSerializer.toJava(jsonObject);//MorphDynaBean
 fail(PropertyUtils.getProperty(o, "name").toString());
 } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
 e.printStackTrace();
 } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
 e.printStackTrace();
 } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
 e.printStackTrace();
 }
}

转换后的对象Object是一个MorphDynaBean的动态JavaBean,通过PropertyUtils可以获得指定的属性的值。

运行后结果如下:


==============JSON Object String >>> Java MorphDynaBean =============
chian
email@123.com
tom

3、 将json字符串转成Java的Array数组

private String json = "{\"address\":\"chian\",\"birthday\":{\"birthday\":\"2010-11-22\"},"+
 "\"email\":\"email@123.com\",\"id\":22,\"name\":\"tom\"}";
 
@Test
public void readJSON2Array() {
 try {
 fail("==============JSON Arry String >>> Java Array ==================");
 json = "[" + json + "]";
 jsonArray = JSONArray.fromObject(json);
 fail("#%%%" + jsonArray.get(0).toString());
 Object[] os = jsonArray.toArray();
 System.out.println(os.length);
 
 fail(JSONArray.fromObject(json).join(""));
 fail(os[0].toString());
 Student[] stus = (Student[]) JSONArray.toArray(jsonArray, Student.class);
 System.out.println(stus.length);
 System.out.println(stus[0]);
 } catch (Exception e) {
 e.printStackTrace();
 }
}

运行的结果如下:

==============JSON Arry String >>> Java Array ==================
#%%%{"address":"chian","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email@123.com","id":22,"name":"tom"}
1
{"address":"chian","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email@123.com","id":22,"name":"tom"}
{"address":"chian","birthday":{"birthday":"2010-11-22"},"email":"email@123.com","id":22,"name":"tom"}
1
tom#22#chian#2010-11-22#email@123.com

4、 将JSON字符串转成Java的List集合

private String json = "{\"address\":\"chian\",\"birthday\":{\"birthday\":\"2010-11-22\"},"+
 "\"email\":\"email@123.com\",\"id\":22,\"name\":\"tom\"}";
 
@Test
public void readJSON2List() {
 try {
 fail("==============JSON Arry String >>> Java List ==================");
 json = "[" + json + "]";
 jsonArray = JSONArray.fromObject(json);
 List<Student> list = JSONArray.toList(jsonArray, Student.class);
 System.out.println(list.size());
 System.out.println(list.get(0));
 
 list = JSONArray.toList(jsonArray);
 System.out.println(list.size());
 System.out.println(list.get(0));//MorphDynaBean
 } catch (Exception e) {
 e.printStackTrace();
 }
}

运行后结果如下:

==============JSON Arry String >>> Java List ==================
1
tom#22#chian#2010-11-22#email@123.com
1
net.sf.ezmorph.bean.MorphDynaBean@141b571[
 {id=22, birthday=net.sf.ezmorph.bean.MorphDynaBean@b23210[
 {birthday=2010-11-22}
], address=chian, email=email@123.com, name=tom}
]

5、 将json字符串转换成Collection接口

private String json = "{\"address\":\"chian\",\"birthday\":{\"birthday\":\"2010-11-22\"},"+
 "\"email\":\"email@123.com\",\"id\":22,\"name\":\"tom\"}";
 
@Test
public void readJSON2Collection() {
 try {
 fail("==============JSON Arry String >>> Java Collection ==================");
 json = "[" + json + "]";
 jsonArray = JSONArray.fromObject(json);
 Collection<Student> con = JSONArray.toCollection(jsonArray, Student.class);
 System.out.println(con.size());
 Object[] stt = con.toArray();
 System.out.println(stt.length);
 fail(stt[0].toString());
 
 } catch (Exception e) {
 e.printStackTrace();
 }
}

刚才上面的将json转换成list提示该方法过时,这里有toCollection,可以用此方法代替toList方法;运行后结果如下:

==============JSON Arry String >>> Java Collection ==================
1
1
tom#22#chian#2010-11-22#email@123.com

6、 将json字符串转换成Map集合

@Test
public void readJSON2Map() {
 try {
 fail("==============JSON Arry String >>> Java Map ==================");
 json = "{\"arr\":[\"a\",\"b\"],\"A\":{\"address\":\"address\",\"birthday\":{\"birthday\":\"2010-11-22\"},"+
 "\"email\":\"email\",\"id\":1,\"name\":\"jack\"},\"int\":1,"+
 "\"B\":{\"address\":\"address\",\"birthday\":{\"birthday\":\"2010-11-22\"},"+
 "\"email\":\"email\",\"id\":1,\"name\":\"jack\"},\"name\":\"json\",\"bool\":true}";
 jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(json);
 Map<String, Class<?>> clazzMap = new HashMap<String, Class<?>>();
 clazzMap.put("arr", String[].class);
 clazzMap.put("A", Student.class);
 clazzMap.put("B", Student.class);
 Map<String, ?> mapBean = (Map) JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject, Map.class, clazzMap);
 System.out.println(mapBean);
 
 Set<String> set = mapBean.keySet();
 Iterator<String> iter = set.iterator();
 while (iter.hasNext()) {
 String key = iter.next();
 fail(key + ":" + mapBean.get(key).toString());
 }
 } catch (Exception e) {
 e.printStackTrace();
 }
}

运行后结果如下:

==============JSON Arry String >>> Java Map ==================
{A=jack#1#address#2010-11-22#email, arr=[a, b], B=jack#1#address#2010-11-22#email, int=1, name=json, bool=true}
A:jack#1#address#2010-11-22#email
arr:[a, b]
B:jack#1#address#2010-11-22#email
int:1
name:json
bool:true

四、 JSON-libXML的支持

1、 将Java对象到XML


/*============================Java Object >>>>> XML ==========================*/
/**
 * <b>function:</b> 转换Java对象到XML
 * 需要额外的jar包:xom.jar
 * @author hoojo
 * @createDate Nov 28, 2010 2:39:55 PM
 */
@Test
public void writeObject2XML() {
 XMLSerializer xmlSerializer = new XMLSerializer();
 fail("==============Java String Array >>> XML ==================");
 //xmlSerializer.setElementName("bean");
 fail(xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject(bean)));
 String[] sa = {"a", "b", "c"};
 fail("==============Java String Array >>> XML ==================");
 fail(xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject(sa)));
 fail("==============Java boolean Array >>> XML ==================");
 boolean[] bo = { true, false, true };
 fail(xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject(bo)));
 fail(xmlSerializer.write(JSONSerializer.toJSON(bo)));
 Object[] o = { 1, "a", true, 'A', sa, bo };
 fail("==============Java Object Array >>> JSON Array ==================");
 fail(xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject(o)));
 fail(xmlSerializer.write(JSONSerializer.toJSON(o)));
 fail("==============Java String >>> JSON ==================");
 fail(xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject("['json','is','easy']")).toString());
 fail(xmlSerializer.write(JSONObject.fromObject("{'json':'is easy'}")).toString());
 fail(xmlSerializer.write(JSONSerializer.toJSON("['json','is','easy']")).toString());
}

主要运用的是XMLSerializer的write方法,这个方法可以完成java对象到xml的转换,不过你很容易就可以看到这个xml序列化对象,需要先将java对象转成json对象,然后再将json转换吃xml文档。

运行后结果如下:


==============Java String Array >>> XML ==================
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<a><e class="object">
<address type="string">address</address><birthday class="object"><birthday type="string">2010-11-22</birthday></birthday>
<email type="string">email</email><id type="number">1</id><name type="string">haha</name>
</e></a>
 
==============Java String Array >>> XML ==================
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<a><e type="string">a</e><e type="string">b</e><e type="string">c</e></a>
 
==============Java boolean Array >>> XML ==================
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<a><e type="boolean">true</e><e type="boolean">false</e><e type="boolean">true</e></a>
 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<a><e type="boolean">true</e><e type="boolean">false</e><e type="boolean">true</e></a>
 
==============Java Object Array >>> JSON Array ==================
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<a><e type="number">1</e><e type="string">a</e><e type="boolean">true</e><e type="string">A</e><e class="array">
<e type="string">a</e><e type="string">b</e><e type="string">c</e></e><e class="array"><e type="boolean">true</e>
<e type="boolean">false</e><e type="boolean">true</e></e></a>
 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<a><e type="number">1</e><e type="string">a</e><e type="boolean">true</e><e type="string">A</e><e class="array">
<e type="string">a</e><e type="string">b</e><e type="string">c</e></e><e class="array"><e type="boolean">true</e>
<e type="boolean">false</e><e type="boolean">true</e></e></a>
 
==============Java String >>> JSON ==================
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<a><e type="string">json</e><e type="string">is</e><e type="string">easy</e></a>
 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<o><json type="string">is easy</json></o>
 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<a><e type="string">json</e><e type="string">is</e><e type="string">easy</e></a>
上面的节点名称有点乱,你可以通过setElementName设置节点名称

2、 将XML转换成Java对象

/*============================XML String >>>>> Java Object ==========================*/
/**
 * <b>function:</b>转换xml文档到java对象
 * @author hoojo
 * @createDate Nov 28, 2010 3:00:27 PM
 */
@Test
public void readXML2Object() {
 XMLSerializer xmlSerializer = new XMLSerializer();
 fail("============== XML >>>> Java String Array ==================");
 String[] sa = {"a", "b", "c"};
 jsonArray = (JSONArray) xmlSerializer.read(xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject(sa)));
 fail(jsonArray.toString());
 
 String[] s = (String[]) JSONArray.toArray(jsonArray, String.class);
 fail(s[0].toString());
 
 fail("============== XML >>>> Java boolean Array ==================");
 boolean[] bo = { true, false, true };
 jsonArray = (JSONArray) xmlSerializer.read(xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject(bo)));
 bo = (boolean[]) JSONArray.toArray(jsonArray, boolean.class);
 fail(bo.toString());
 System.out.println(bo[0]);
 
 jsonArray = (JSONArray) xmlSerializer.read(xmlSerializer.write(JSONSerializer.toJSON(bo)));
 bo = (boolean[]) JSONArray.toArray(jsonArray, boolean.class);
 fail(bo.toString());
 System.out.println(bo[0]);
 
 fail("==============Java Object Array >>> JSON Array ==================");
 Object[] o = { 1, "a", true, 'A', sa, bo };
 jsonArray = (JSONArray) xmlSerializer.read(xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject(o)));
 System.out.println(jsonArray.getInt(0));
 System.out.println(jsonArray.get(1));
 System.out.println(jsonArray.getBoolean(2));
 jsonArray = (JSONArray) xmlSerializer.read(xmlSerializer.write(JSONSerializer.toJSON(o)));
 System.out.println(jsonArray.get(4));
 System.out.println(jsonArray.getJSONArray(5).get(0));
 System.out.println(jsonArray.get(5));
 
 fail("==============Java String >>> JSON ==================");
 jsonArray = (JSONArray) xmlSerializer.read(xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject("['json','is','easy']")).toString());
 s = (String[]) JSONArray.toArray(jsonArray, String.class);
 fail(s[0].toString());
 jsonObject = (JSONObject) xmlSerializer.read(xmlSerializer.write(JSONObject.fromObject("{'json':'is easy'}")).toString());
 Object obj = JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject);
 System.out.println(obj);
 jsonArray = (JSONArray) xmlSerializer.read(xmlSerializer.write(JSONSerializer.toJSON("['json','is','easy']")).toString());
 s = (String[]) JSONArray.toArray(jsonArray, String.class);
 fail(s[1].toString());
}

主要运用到XMLSerializer的read方法,将xml内容读取后,转换成Java对象。运行后结果如下:

============== XML >>>> Java String Array ==================
["a","b","c"]
a
============== XML >>>> Java boolean Array ==================
[Z@15856a5
true
[Z@79ed7f
true
==============Java Object Array >>> JSON Array ==================
1
a
true
["a","b","c"]
true
["true","false","true"]
==============Java String >>> JSON ==================
json
net.sf.ezmorph.bean.MorphDynaBean@c09554[
 {json=is easy}
]
is

3、 将xml的字符串内容,转换成Java的Array对象

@Test
public void testReadXml2Array() {
 String str = "<a class=\"array\">" + 
 "<e type=\"function\" params=\"i,j\">" + 
 "return matrix[i][j];" + 
 "</e>" + 
 "</a>";
 JSONArray json = (JSONArray) new XMLSerializer().read(str);
 fail(json.toString()); 
}

上面是一段xml字符串格式的文档,将其转换为JSONArray对象。转换后结果如下:

[function(i,j){ return matrix[i][j]; }]

就是一个数组;

版权声明:本文内容由阿里云实名注册用户自发贡献,版权归原作者所有,阿里云开发者社区不拥有其著作权,亦不承担相应法律责任。具体规则请查看《阿里云开发者社区用户服务协议》和《阿里云开发者社区知识产权保护指引》。如果您发现本社区中有涉嫌抄袭的内容,填写侵权投诉表单进行举报,一经查实,本社区将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。

分享:
开发与运维
使用钉钉扫一扫加入圈子
+ 订阅

集结各类场景实战经验,助你开发运维畅行无忧

其他文章