《Windows驱动开发技术详解》读书笔记(二)-阿里云开发者社区

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《Windows驱动开发技术详解》读书笔记(二)

简介:
  再来看基于WDM的驱动程序,

复制代码
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C"
{
#endif
#include <wdm.h>
#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif 

typedef struct _DEVICE_EXTENSION
{
    PDEVICE_OBJECT fdo;
    PDEVICE_OBJECT NextStackDevice;
    UNICODE_STRING ustrDeviceName;    // 设备名
    UNICODE_STRING ustrSymLinkName;    // 符号链接名
} DEVICE_EXTENSION, *PDEVICE_EXTENSION;

#define PAGEDCODE code_seg("PAGE")
#define LOCKEDCODE code_seg()
#define INITCODE code_seg("INIT")

#define PAGEDDATA data_seg("PAGE")
#define LOCKEDDATA data_seg()
#define INITDATA data_seg("INIT")

#define arraysize(p) (sizeof(p)/sizeof((p)[0]))

NTSTATUS HelloWDMAddDevice(IN PDRIVER_OBJECT DriverObject,
                           IN PDEVICE_OBJECT PhysicalDeviceObject);
NTSTATUS HelloWDMPnp(IN PDEVICE_OBJECT fdo,
                        IN PIRP Irp);
NTSTATUS HelloWDMDispatchRoutine(IN PDEVICE_OBJECT fdo,
                                 IN PIRP Irp);
void HelloWDMUnload(IN PDRIVER_OBJECT DriverObject);

extern "C"
NTSTATUS DriverEntry(IN PDRIVER_OBJECT DriverObject,
                     IN PUNICODE_STRING RegistryPath);
复制代码
 

HelloWDM.cpp
      同前面一样,编译也是两种方式,第一种用DDK编译,准备两个脚本文件,makefile和Sources,其中Sources有所不同,如下所示:

复制代码
TARGETNAME=HelloWDM
TARGETTYPE=DRIVER
DRIVERTYPE=WDM
TARGETPATH=OBJ

INCLUDES=$(BASEDIR)\inc;\
         $(BASEDIR)\inc\ddk;\

SOURCES=HelloWDM.cpp\
复制代码
        另一种是用VC进行编译,有三点需要注意:

1, 选择c/c++选项卡,将原来的Project Options全删掉,换成下面的:

/nologo /Gz /MLd /W3 /WX /Z7 /Od /D WIN32=100 /D _X86_=1 /D WINVER=0x500 /D DBG=1 /Fo"MyDriver_Check/" /Fd"MyDriver_Check/" /FD /c
2, 选择Link选项卡,将原来的Project Options全删掉,换成下面的:

wdm.lib /nologo /base:"0x10000" /stack:0x400000,0x1000 /entry:"DriverEntry" /subsystem:console /incremental:no /pdb:"MyDriver_Check/HelloWDM.pdb" /debug /machine:I386 /nodefaultlib /out:"MyDriver_Check/HelloWDM.sys" /pdbtype:sept /subsystem:native /driver /SECTION:INIT,D /RELEASE /IGNORE:4078
3, 修改include目录时,加入

 

D:\WINDDK\3790.1830\INC\DDK\WDM\W2K
  否则会报错如下:

fatal error C1083: Cannot open include file: 'wdm.h': No such file or directory
 

   最后是驱动的安装,WDM驱动的安装需要写一个inf文件,如下所示:

复制代码
;--------- Version Section ---------------------------------------------------

[Version]
Signature="$CHICAGO$";
Provider=Phinecos_Device
DriverVer=20/2/2000,3.0.0.3

; If device fits one of the standard classes, use the name and GUID here,
; otherwise create your own device class and GUID as this example shows.

Class=PhinecosDevice
ClassGUID={EF2962F0-0D55-4bff-B8AA-2221EE8A79B0}


;--------- SourceDiskNames and SourceDiskFiles Section -----------------------

; These sections identify source disks and files for installation. They are
; shown here as an example, but commented out.

[SourceDisksNames]
1 = "HelloWDM",Disk1,,

[SourceDisksFiles]
HelloWDM.sys = 1,MyDriver_Check,

;--------- ClassInstall/ClassInstall32 Section -------------------------------

; Not necessary if using a standard class

; 9X Style
[ClassInstall]
Addreg=Class_AddReg

; NT Style
[ClassInstall32]
Addreg=Class_AddReg

[Class_AddReg]
HKR,,,,%DeviceClassName%
HKR,,Icon,,"-5"

;--------- DestinationDirs Section -------------------------------------------

[DestinationDirs]
YouMark_Files_Driver = 10,System32\Drivers

;--------- Manufacturer and Models Sections ----------------------------------

[Manufacturer]
%MfgName%=Mfg0

[Mfg0]

; PCI hardware Ids use the form
; PCI\VEN_aaaa&DEV_bbbb&SUBSYS_cccccccc&REV_dd
;改成你自己的ID
%DeviceDesc%=YouMark_DDI, PCI\VEN_9999&DEV_9999

;---------- DDInstall Sections -----------------------------------------------
; --------- Windows 9X -----------------

; Experimentation has shown that DDInstall root names greater than 19 characters
; cause problems in Windows 98

[YouMark_DDI]
CopyFiles=YouMark_Files_Driver
AddReg=YouMark_9X_AddReg

[YouMark_9X_AddReg]
HKR,,DevLoader,,*ntkern
HKR,,NTMPDriver,,HelloWDM.sys
HKR, "Parameters", "BreakOnEntry", 0x00010001, 0

; --------- Windows NT -----------------

[YouMark_DDI.NT]
CopyFiles=YouMark_Files_Driver
AddReg=YouMark_NT_AddReg

[YouMark_DDI.NT.Services]
Addservice = HelloWDM, 0x00000002, YouMark_AddService

[YouMark_AddService]
DisplayName = %SvcDesc%
ServiceType = 1 ; SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER
StartType = 3 ; SERVICE_DEMAND_START
ErrorControl = 1 ; SERVICE_ERROR_NORMAL
ServiceBinary = %10%\System32\Drivers\HelloWDM.sys

[YouMark_NT_AddReg]
HKLM, "System\CurrentControlSet\Services\HelloWDM\Parameters",\
"BreakOnEntry", 0x00010001, 0


; --------- Files (common) -------------

[YouMark_Files_Driver]
HelloWDM.sys

;--------- Strings Section ---------------------------------------------------

[Strings]
ProviderName="Phinecos."
MfgName="Vista Soft"
DeviceDesc="Hello World WDM!"
DeviceClassName="Phinecos_Device"
SvcDesc="Phinecos"
复制代码
    这里有两种安装方式,一种是进入“控制面板”,选择添加硬件,加载进inf文件完成安装,如图所示:

 



 

     另一种可选的安装测试方式是使用Driver Studio中的EzDriverInstaller工具来进行安装,如图所示:



本文转自Phinecos(洞庭散人)博客园博客,原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/phinecos/archive/2009/02/20/1395023.html,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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