dojo/dom-geometry元素大小

简介:

 在进入源码分析前,我们先来点基础知识。下面这张图画的是元素的盒式模型,这个没有兼容性问题,有问题的是元素的宽高怎么算。以宽度为例,ff中 元素宽度=content宽度,而在ie中 元素宽度=content宽度+border宽度+padding宽度。IE8中加入了box-sizzing,该css属性有两个值:border-box、content-box分别对应ie和ff中元素宽度的工作方式。

  偏移量:offsetLeft、offsetTop、offsetWidth、offsetHeight

  offsetLeft:包含元素的左内边框到元素的左外边框之间的像素距离。

  offsetTop:包含元素的上内边框到元素的上外边框之间的相续距离。

  offsetWidth:包括元素的内容区宽度、左右内边距宽度、左右边框宽度、垂直方向滚动条的宽度之和。

  offsetHeight:包括元素内容区高度、左右内边距高度、左右边框高度、水平方向滚动条的高度之和。

  包含元素的引用在offsetParent属性中,offsetParent属性不一定与parentNode属性相同,比如<td>的offsetParent是<table>而不是<tr>.

  客户区大小:clientWidth、clientHeight

  clientWidth:元素的内容区宽度+内边距宽度

  clientHeight:元素的内容区高度+内边距高度

  滚动大小:scrollTop、scrollLeft、scrollWidth、scrollHeight。滚动大小指的是包含滚动内容的元素大小。

  scrollTop:被隐藏在内容区域上方的像素数。

  scrollLeft:被隐藏在内容区域左侧的像素数。

  通过设置以上两个属性可以改变元素的滚动位置。

  scrollWidth:在没有滚动条情况下,元素的内容的宽度。

  scrollHeight:在没有滚动条情况下,元素内容的高度。

 

  以上基础知识,对我们分析dom-geometry模块的代码会有不少帮助。下面我们进入源码学习阶段。

  dom-geometry模块封装了许多跟盒式模型相关的函数,主要涉及:content、padding、border、margin四方面。在前面的几篇文章中我们多次提到,前端js库中对dom操作的封装最终都是要用到DOM原生的API。在此模块中,最常用的原生方法就是elemet.ownerDocument.defaultView.getComputedStyle和element.getBoundingClientRect。尽管这两个方法都存在着兼容性问题,但我们都有适当的方法来解决。

   getComputedStyle方法已经在dom-style模块中介绍过(ie中使用element.currentStyle其他浏览器利用原生的getComputedStyle,在webkit中对于不在正常文档流中的元素先改变display),这里简单看一下:


if(has("webkit")){
        getComputedStyle = function(/*DomNode*/ node){
            var s;
            if(node.nodeType == 1){
                var dv = node.ownerDocument.defaultView;
                s = dv.getComputedStyle(node, null);
                if(!s && node.style){
                    node.style.display = "";
                    s = dv.getComputedStyle(node, null);
                }
            }
            return s || {};
        };
    }else if(has("ie") && (has("ie") < 9 || has("quirks"))){
        getComputedStyle = function(node){
            // IE (as of 7) doesn't expose Element like sane browsers
            // currentStyle can be null on IE8!
            return node.nodeType == 1 /* ELEMENT_NODE*/ && node.currentStyle ? node.currentStyle : {};
        };
    }else{
        getComputedStyle = function(node){
            return node.nodeType == 1 /* ELEMENT_NODE*/ ?
                node.ownerDocument.defaultView.getComputedStyle(node, null) : {};
        };
    }
    style.getComputedStyle = getComputedStyle;

getComputedStyle得到的某些计算后样式是带有单位的,我们要把单位去掉。这里依赖dom-style中的toPixelValue方法:


var toPixel;
    if(!has("ie")){
        toPixel = function(element, value){
            // style values can be floats, client code may want
            // to round for integer pixels.
            return parseFloat(value) || 0;
        };
    }else{
        toPixel = function(element, avalue){
            if(!avalue){ return 0; }
            // on IE7, medium is usually 4 pixels
            if(avalue == "medium"){ return 4; }
            // style values can be floats, client code may
            // want to round this value for integer pixels.
            if(avalue.slice && avalue.slice(-2) == 'px'){ return parseFloat(avalue); }
            var s = element.style, rs = element.runtimeStyle, cs = element.currentStyle,
                sLeft = s.left, rsLeft = rs.left;
            rs.left = cs.left;
            try{
                // 'avalue' may be incompatible with style.left, which can cause IE to throw
                // this has been observed for border widths using "thin", "medium", "thick" constants
                // those particular constants could be trapped by a lookup
                // but perhaps there are more
                s.left = avalue;
                avalue = s.pixelLeft;
            }catch(e){
                avalue = 0;
            }
            s.left = sLeft;
            rs.left = rsLeft;
            return avalue;
        };
    }
    style.toPixelValue = toPixel;

 函数有点复杂,对于ie浏览器只要看懂这句就行:if(avalue.slice && avalue.slice(-2) == 'px'){ return parseFloat(avalue); }

 

  回到dom-geometry的源码,geom.boxModel变量代表当前浏览器中对元素使用的盒式模型,默认为content-box,同时判断了ie浏览器下的情况:


var geom = {
        // summary:
        //        This module defines the core dojo DOM geometry API.
    };

// can be either:
    //    "border-box"
    //    "content-box" (default)
    geom.boxModel = "content-box";

if(has("ie") /*|| has("opera")*/){
        // client code may have to adjust if compatMode varies across iframes
        geom.boxModel = document.compatMode == "BackCompat" ? "border-box" : "content-box";
    }

  接下来的几个函数比较简单、基础,通过getComputedStyle都能直接拿到相应属性:

  getPadExtents():getComputedStyle后得到paddingLeft、paddingRight、paddingTop、paddingBottom


geom.getPadExtents = function getPadExtents(/*DomNode*/ node, /*Object*/ computedStyle){

        node = dom.byId(node);
        var s = computedStyle || style.getComputedStyle(node), px = style.toPixelValue,
            l = px(node, s.paddingLeft), t = px(node, s.paddingTop), r = px(node, s.paddingRight), b = px(node, s.paddingBottom);
        return {l: l, t: t, r: r, b: b, w: l + r, h: t + b};
    };

getBorderExtents():getComputedStyle后得到borderLeftWidth、borderRightWidth、borderTopWidth、borderBottomWidth;同时如果border-style设置为none,border宽度为零


geom.getBorderExtents = function getBorderExtents(/*DomNode*/ node, /*Object*/ computedStyle){
        node = dom.byId(node);
        var px = style.toPixelValue, s = computedStyle || style.getComputedStyle(node),
            l = s.borderLeftStyle != none ? px(node, s.borderLeftWidth) : 0,
            t = s.borderTopStyle != none ? px(node, s.borderTopWidth) : 0,
            r = s.borderRightStyle != none ? px(node, s.borderRightWidth) : 0,
            b = s.borderBottomStyle != none ? px(node, s.borderBottomWidth) : 0;
        return {l: l, t: t, r: r, b: b, w: l + r, h: t + b};
    };

getPadBorderExtents():通过上两个方法,pad+border


geom.getPadBorderExtents = function getPadBorderExtents(/*DomNode*/ node, /*Object*/ computedStyle){
        node = dom.byId(node);
        var s = computedStyle || style.getComputedStyle(node),
            p = geom.getPadExtents(node, s),
            b = geom.getBorderExtents(node, s);
        return {
            l: p.l + b.l,
            t: p.t + b.t,
            r: p.r + b.r,
            b: p.b + b.b,
            w: p.w + b.w,
            h: p.h + b.h
        };
    };

getMarginExtents():getComputedStyle后得到marginLeft、marginRight、marginTop、marginBottom


geom.getMarginExtents = function getMarginExtents(node, computedStyle){
        node = dom.byId(node);
        var s = computedStyle || style.getComputedStyle(node), px = style.toPixelValue,
            l = px(node, s.marginLeft), t = px(node, s.marginTop), r = px(node, s.marginRight), b = px(node, s.marginBottom);
        return {l: l, t: t, r: r, b: b, w: l + r, h: t + b};
    };

   

  下面的几个函数稍微有点复杂

  getMarginBox()这个方法返回一个对象


{
  t: 父元素上内边框到元素上外边距的距离,
  l: 父元素左内边框到元素左外边距的距离,
  w: 元素左外边距到右外边距的距离,
  h: 元素上外边距到下外边距的距离        
}

  这个函数中主要用到上文提到的偏移量,正常情况下:

  t = offsetTop,

  l = offsetLeft,

  w = offsetWidth + marginExtents.w,

  h = offsetHeight + marginExtents.h

  在这个函数中有几个兼容性问题:

  1、在firefox中,如果元素的overflow样子的计算值不为visible,那么offsetLeft/offsetTop得到的值是减去borderLeftStyle/borderTopStyle后的值。这应该是firefox的bug,所以我们要对此进行修复。如果getComputedStyle中能够得到left和top那就用这两个属性代替offsetLeft和offsetTop,否则计算parentNode的border宽度,手动加上这部分值


if(has("mozilla")){
            // Mozilla:
            // If offsetParent has a computed overflow != visible, the offsetLeft is decreased
            // by the parent's border.
            // We don't want to compute the parent's style, so instead we examine node's
            // computed left/top which is more stable.
            var sl = parseFloat(s.left), st = parseFloat(s.top);
            if(!isNaN(sl) && !isNaN(st)){
                l = sl;
                t = st;
            }else{
                // If child's computed left/top are not parseable as a number (e.g. "auto"), we
                // have no choice but to examine the parent's computed style.
                if(p && p.style){
                    pcs = style.getComputedStyle(p);
                    if(pcs.overflow != "visible"){
                        l += pcs.borderLeftStyle != none ? px(node, pcs.borderLeftWidth) : 0;
                        t += pcs.borderTopStyle != none ? px(node, pcs.borderTopWidth) : 0;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

2、在IE8和opera中情况正好相反,offsetLeft/offsetTop包含了父元素的边框,这里我们需要把他们减去


if(has("opera") || (has("ie") == 8 && !has("quirks"))){
            // On Opera and IE 8, offsetLeft/Top includes the parent's border
            if(p){
                pcs = style.getComputedStyle(p);
                l -= pcs.borderLeftStyle != none ? px(node, pcs.borderLeftWidth) : 0;
                t -= pcs.borderTopStyle != none ? px(node, pcs.borderTopWidth) : 0;
            }
        }


真个函数代码如下:

geom.getMarginBox = function getMarginBox(/*DomNode*/ node, /*Object*/ computedStyle){
        node = dom.byId(node);
        var s = computedStyle || style.getComputedStyle(node), me = geom.getMarginExtents(node, s),
            l = node.offsetLeft - me.l, t = node.offsetTop - me.t, p = node.parentNode, px = style.toPixelValue, pcs;
        if(has("mozilla")){
            var sl = parseFloat(s.left), st = parseFloat(s.top);
            if(!isNaN(sl) && !isNaN(st)){
                l = sl;
                t = st;
            }else{
                if(p && p.style){
                    pcs = style.getComputedStyle(p);
                    if(pcs.overflow != "visible"){
                        l += pcs.borderLeftStyle != none ? px(node, pcs.borderLeftWidth) : 0;
                        t += pcs.borderTopStyle != none ? px(node, pcs.borderTopWidth) : 0;
                    }
                }
            }
        }else if(has("opera") || (has("ie") == 8 && !has("quirks"))){
            if(p){
                pcs = style.getComputedStyle(p);
                l -= pcs.borderLeftStyle != none ? px(node, pcs.borderLeftWidth) : 0;
                t -= pcs.borderTopStyle != none ? px(node, pcs.borderTopWidth) : 0;
            }
        }
        return {l: l, t: t, w: node.offsetWidth + me.w, h: node.offsetHeight + me.h};
    };

getContentBox()函数返回如下对象:


{
l: 元素左内边距,
t: 元素上内边距,
w: 元素内容区的宽度,
h: 元素内容区的高度  
}

对象中的w和h与元素的盒式模型无关。以内容区的宽高都有两套方案:clientWidth-padingWidth或者offsetWidth-paddingWidth-borderWidth,下面是函数的源码:


geom.getContentBox = function getContentBox(node, computedStyle){
        // summary:
        //        Returns an object that encodes the width, height, left and top
        //        positions of the node's content box, irrespective of the
        //        current box model.
        // node: DOMNode
        // computedStyle: Object?
        //        This parameter accepts computed styles object.
        //        If this parameter is omitted, the functions will call
        //        dojo/dom-style.getComputedStyle to get one. It is a better way, calling
        //        dojo/dom-style.getComputedStyle once, and then pass the reference to this
        //        computedStyle parameter. Wherever possible, reuse the returned
        //        object of dojo/dom-style.getComputedStyle().

        // clientWidth/Height are important since the automatically account for scrollbars
        // fallback to offsetWidth/Height for special cases (see #3378)
        node = dom.byId(node);
        var s = computedStyle || style.getComputedStyle(node), w = node.clientWidth, h,
            pe = geom.getPadExtents(node, s), be = geom.getBorderExtents(node, s);
        if(!w){
            w = node.offsetWidth;
            h = node.offsetHeight;
        }else{
            h = node.clientHeight;
            be.w = be.h = 0;
        }
        // On Opera, offsetLeft includes the parent's border
        if(has("opera")){
            pe.l += be.l;
            pe.t += be.t;
        }
        return {l: pe.l, t: pe.t, w: w - pe.w - be.w, h: h - pe.h - be.h};
    };

  接下来有三个私有函数setBox、isButtonTag、usersBorderBox。

  setBox忽略盒式模型,直接对元素样式的width、height、left、top进行设置


function setBox(/*DomNode*/ node, /*Number?*/ l, /*Number?*/ t, /*Number?*/ w, /*Number?*/ h, /*String?*/ u){
        // summary:
        //        sets width/height/left/top in the current (native) box-model
        //        dimensions. Uses the unit passed in u.
        // node:
        //        DOM Node reference. Id string not supported for performance
        //        reasons.
        // l:
        //        left offset from parent.
        // t:
        //        top offset from parent.
        // w:
        //        width in current box model.
        // h:
        //        width in current box model.
        // u:
        //        unit measure to use for other measures. Defaults to "px".
        u = u || "px";
        var s = node.style;
        if(!isNaN(l)){
            s.left = l + u;
        }
        if(!isNaN(t)){
            s.top = t + u;
        }
        if(w >= 0){
            s.width = w + u;
        }
        if(h >= 0){
            s.height = h + u;
        }
    }

isButtonTag函数用来判断元素是否是button按钮,button元素可能是直接的<button>标签,也可能是<input type="button">,所以要对着两方面进行判断


function isButtonTag(/*DomNode*/ node){
        // summary:
        //        True if the node is BUTTON or INPUT.type="button".
        return node.tagName.toLowerCase() == "button" ||
            node.tagName.toLowerCase() == "input" && (node.getAttribute("type") || "").toLowerCase() == "button"; // boolean
    }

usersBorderBox判断元素的盒式模型是否为border-box,三个方面:geom的boxModel是否为border-box、元素是否为table元素,元素是否为button元素


function usesBorderBox(/*DomNode*/ node){
        // summary:
        //        True if the node uses border-box layout.

        // We could test the computed style of node to see if a particular box
        // has been specified, but there are details and we choose not to bother.

        // TABLE and BUTTON (and INPUT type=button) are always border-box by default.
        // If you have assigned a different box to either one via CSS then
        // box functions will break.

        return geom.boxModel == "border-box" || node.tagName.toLowerCase() == "table" || isButtonTag(node); // boolean
    }

  setContentSize方法,设置元素内容区的大小。如果元素盒式模式是border-box,则需要在参数传入的width基础上加上padding与border的宽度,否则直接设置width、height样式。


geom.setContentSize = function setContentSize(/*DomNode*/ node, /*Object*/ box, /*Object*/ computedStyle){
        // summary:
        //        Sets the size of the node's contents, irrespective of margins,
        //        padding, or borders.
        // node: DOMNode
        // box: Object
        //        hash with optional "w", and "h" properties for "width", and "height"
        //        respectively. All specified properties should have numeric values in whole pixels.
        // computedStyle: Object?
        //        This parameter accepts computed styles object.
        //        If this parameter is omitted, the functions will call
        //        dojo/dom-style.getComputedStyle to get one. It is a better way, calling
        //        dojo/dom-style.getComputedStyle once, and then pass the reference to this
        //        computedStyle parameter. Wherever possible, reuse the returned
        //        object of dojo/dom-style.getComputedStyle().

        node = dom.byId(node);
        var w = box.w, h = box.h;
        if(usesBorderBox(node)){
            var pb = geom.getPadBorderExtents(node, computedStyle);
            if(w >= 0){
                w += pb.w;
            }
            if(h >= 0){
                h += pb.h;
            }
        }
        setBox(node, NaN, NaN, w, h);
    };

setMarginBox方法,设置marginBox的宽度。该方法中不去判断元素的盒式模型,width = w-padding - border -margin。通过这种方式直接设置元素的width或height属性。这里涉及的兼容性问题,主要对于低版本浏览器,所以不去分析他。


geom.setMarginBox = function setMarginBox(/*DomNode*/ node, /*Object*/ box, /*Object*/ computedStyle){
        // summary:
        //        sets the size of the node's margin box and placement
        //        (left/top), irrespective of box model. Think of it as a
        //        passthrough to setBox that handles box-model vagaries for
        //        you.
        // node: DOMNode
        // box: Object
        //        hash with optional "l", "t", "w", and "h" properties for "left", "right", "width", and "height"
        //        respectively. All specified properties should have numeric values in whole pixels.
        // computedStyle: Object?
        //        This parameter accepts computed styles object.
        //        If this parameter is omitted, the functions will call
        //        dojo/dom-style.getComputedStyle to get one. It is a better way, calling
        //        dojo/dom-style.getComputedStyle once, and then pass the reference to this
        //        computedStyle parameter. Wherever possible, reuse the returned
        //        object of dojo/dom-style.getComputedStyle().

        node = dom.byId(node);
        var s = computedStyle || style.getComputedStyle(node), w = box.w, h = box.h,
        // Some elements have special padding, margin, and box-model settings.
        // To use box functions you may need to set padding, margin explicitly.
        // Controlling box-model is harder, in a pinch you might set dojo/dom-geometry.boxModel.
            pb = usesBorderBox(node) ? nilExtents : geom.getPadBorderExtents(node, s),
            mb = geom.getMarginExtents(node, s);
        if(has("webkit")){
            // on Safari (3.1.2), button nodes with no explicit size have a default margin
            // setting an explicit size eliminates the margin.
            // We have to swizzle the width to get correct margin reading.
            if(isButtonTag(node)){
                var ns = node.style;
                if(w >= 0 && !ns.width){
                    ns.width = "4px";
                }
                if(h >= 0 && !ns.height){
                    ns.height = "4px";
                }
            }
        }
        if(w >= 0){
            w = Math.max(w - pb.w - mb.w, 0);
        }
        if(h >= 0){
            h = Math.max(h - pb.h - mb.h, 0);
        }
        setBox(node, box.l, box.t, w, h);
    };

position()方法,主要使用node.getBoundingClientRect() ,这个方法得到left、right、top、bottom。在老版本ie下,这个方法的基准点并不是从(0,0)开始计算的,而是以(2,2)位基准点。所以ie中这个方法得到的位置信息比实际位置多了两个像素,我们要把这两个像素减掉。基准点位置偏移两个像素,所以dcument.documentElement即<html>标签的位置也不是0;所以我们可以利用document.documentElement.getBoundingClientRect().left/top得到偏移量。减去偏移量就得到了真正的位置。(偏移量问题在IE9已经修复了,而IE8标准模式是没有这个问题,所以具体获取偏移量的细节不讨论)


geom.position = function(/*DomNode*/ node, /*Boolean?*/ includeScroll){
        // summary:
        //        Gets the position and size of the passed element relative to
        //        the viewport (if includeScroll==false), or relative to the
        //        document root (if includeScroll==true).
        //
        // description:
        //        Returns an object of the form:
        //        `{ x: 100, y: 300, w: 20, h: 15 }`.
        //        If includeScroll==true, the x and y values will include any
        //        document offsets that may affect the position relative to the
        //        viewport.
        //        Uses the border-box model (inclusive of border and padding but
        //        not margin).  Does not act as a setter.
        // node: DOMNode|String
        // includeScroll: Boolean?
        // returns: Object

        node = dom.byId(node);
        var    db = win.body(node.ownerDocument),
            ret = node.getBoundingClientRect();
        ret = {x: ret.left, y: ret.top, w: ret.right - ret.left, h: ret.bottom - ret.top};

        if(has("ie") < 9){
            // On IE<9 there's a 2px offset that we need to adjust for, see dojo.getIeDocumentElementOffset()
            var offset = geom.getIeDocumentElementOffset(node.ownerDocument);

            // fixes the position in IE, quirks mode
            ret.x -= offset.x + (has("quirks") ? db.clientLeft + db.offsetLeft : 0);
            ret.y -= offset.y + (has("quirks") ? db.clientTop + db.offsetTop : 0);
        }

        // account for document scrolling
        // if offsetParent is used, ret value already includes scroll position
        // so we may have to actually remove that value if !includeScroll
        if(includeScroll){
            var scroll = geom.docScroll(node.ownerDocument);
            ret.x += scroll.x;
            ret.y += scroll.y;
        }

        return ret; // Object
    };

normalizeEvent()方法主要针对鼠标位置信息layerX/layerY、pageX/pageY做修正;前者利用ie中的offsetX/offsetY即可,后者利用clientX+documentElement/body.scrollLeft - offset和clientY+documentElement/body.scrollTop - offset,offset即是上文提到的在ie中偏移量。


geom.normalizeEvent = function(event){
        // summary:
        //        Normalizes the geometry of a DOM event, normalizing the pageX, pageY,
        //        offsetX, offsetY, layerX, and layerX properties
        // event: Object
        if(!("layerX" in event)){
            event.layerX = event.offsetX;
            event.layerY = event.offsetY;
        }
        if(!has("dom-addeventlistener")){
            // old IE version
            // FIXME: scroll position query is duped from dojo/_base/html to
            // avoid dependency on that entire module. Now that HTML is in
            // Base, we should convert back to something similar there.
            var se = event.target;
            var doc = (se && se.ownerDocument) || document;
            // DO NOT replace the following to use dojo/_base/window.body(), in IE, document.documentElement should be used
            // here rather than document.body
            var docBody = has("quirks") ? doc.body : doc.documentElement;
            var offset = geom.getIeDocumentElementOffset(doc);
            event.pageX = event.clientX + geom.fixIeBiDiScrollLeft(docBody.scrollLeft || 0, doc) - offset.x;
            event.pageY = event.clientY + (docBody.scrollTop || 0) - offset.y;
        }
    };





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