使用Socket通信实现Silverlight客户端实时数据的获取(模拟GPS数据,地图实时位置)-阿里云开发者社区

开发者社区> 杰克.陈> 正文

使用Socket通信实现Silverlight客户端实时数据的获取(模拟GPS数据,地图实时位置)

简介: 原文:使用Socket通信实现Silverlight客户端实时数据的获取(模拟GPS数据,地图实时位置) 在上一篇中说到了Silverlight下的Socket通信,在最后的时候说到本篇将会结合地图。下面就来看看本文实现的功能: Silverlight 与服务器利用Socket通讯,实时从服务器获取数据(本文中的数据是地理坐标),由于没有GPS,所以本文在服务器写了一个构造新坐标的函数(本文是一个三角函数),然后利用Timer组件,实时调用,得到新的坐标,并将新的坐标发送给客户端,客户端接收到发回的新的坐标,并在地图相应的位置进行标识。
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原文:使用Socket通信实现Silverlight客户端实时数据的获取(模拟GPS数据,地图实时位置)

在上一篇中说到了Silverlight下的Socket通信,在最后的时候说到本篇将会结合地图。下面就来看看本文实现的功能:

Silverlight 与服务器利用Socket通讯,实时从服务器获取数据(本文中的数据是地理坐标),由于没有GPS,所以本文在服务器写了一个构造新坐标的函数(本文是一个三角函数),然后利用Timer组件,实时调用,得到新的坐标,并将新的坐标发送给客户端,客户端接收到发回的新的坐标,并在地图相应的位置进行标识。最后在地图上我们就会看到一个自动绘制的三角函数曲线。

关于本文的一点说明:

1.由于时间和篇幅的关系,也由于本人能力有限,所以程序还存在很多bug,不够完善,也许你运行的时候还会抛异常,本文关注的是关键功能的实现,所以希望高手勿喷,如果您有更好的方法和建议欢迎留言分享。

2.作者没有GPS设置,相信大多数也是一样,所以无法实际的模拟从GPS获取数据,在地图上展示,因此本文模拟在服务器动态实时的生成坐标数据,并实时发送给客户端。不过如果您有GPS设备,实际上实现的过程是一样。

3.本文的坐标数据是自己写的一个三角函数,所以最后在地图上实时绘制的运动轨迹也是一个三角函数,当然也可以换成其他任意的轨迹,只要可以写出其坐标生成函数即可。

4.本文的具体过程是客户端向服务器发送一个起始的坐标,当然也可以是其他的信息,只不过便于绘制和理解,所以用了一个坐标,服务器接收该坐标,并基于该坐标生成新的坐标数据。不过在实际的GPS中,只需要客户端发送位置请求,服务器将真实的GPS坐标数据发送给客户端即可。

5.本文的服务器端部分代码来自于该博主的博文:

http://www.cnblogs.com/webabcd/archive/2008/12/22/1359551.html

在此感谢webabcd(王磊 MVP)的分享。

下面就来看看具体实现的过程。

一.服务器端

在上一篇中说到了与服务器通信,大致上的过程是客户端发送一个信息,服务器接收客户端信息,服务器回复一条信息,客户端接收服务器信息。但在本文中,稍微有些不一样。

在本文中,客户端发送位置请求(本文客户端发送一个用于构造新坐标的起始坐标点),然后服务器基于接收的起始坐标,实时的生成新的坐标数据,并不断的往客户端发送,客户端不断接受服务器发送来的新数据,并在地图上标示。所以这里不像之前客户端请求一次,服务器则回复一条信息。

 下面给出具体的代码I(可以参看上面给出链接的博文):

 服务器端界面如下:

具体过程:

  1.1 启动策略文件服务

 #region Start The Policy Server 验证策略文件
            PolicySocketServer StartPolicyServer = new PolicySocketServer();
            Thread th = new Thread(new ThreadStart(StartPolicyServer.StartSocketServer));
            th.IsBackground = true;
            th.Start();
            #endregion
PolicySocketServer 类在上一篇文章中给出:
http://www.cnblogs.com/potential/archive/2013/01/23/2873035.html
1.2 启动服务器端Socket服务,监听端口,连接Socket。
1.2.1 声明类级别的变量
 //客户端传入的起始坐标
        private double startx = 0;
        private double starty = 0;
        //服务器端生成的新坐标
        private double X;
        private double Y;
        //判断是否成功接收服务器发来的新的坐标
        bool receivedCoor = false;
        //够找新坐标时的步长
        private double step = 0;
1.2.2启动Socket服务,开始连接
    private void StartupSocketServer()
        {
            //定时器,每0.3秒运行一次指定的方法
            //这里可自己手动修改刷新数据的时间
            _timer = new System.Timers.Timer();
            _timer.Interval = 300;
            _timer.Elapsed += new System.Timers.ElapsedEventHandler(_timer_Elapsed);
            _timer.Start();

            //初始化Socket
            _listener = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork, SocketType.Stream, ProtocolType.Tcp);
            //创建终结点,获取当前主机IP
            IPHostEntry ipHost = Dns.GetHostEntry(Dns.GetHostName());
            IPEndPoint localEndPoint = new IPEndPoint(ipHost.AddressList[3], 4530);
            //Win7 启动了IPV6地址,所以是3,如果为XP系统可换成0,1再试试
            _syncContext.Post(ChangeIPText, ipHost.AddressList[3].ToString());
            //绑定端口
            _listener.Bind(localEndPoint);
            _listener.Listen(100);

            while (true)
            {
                //重置ManualResetEvent,由线程来控制ManualResetEvent
                _connectDone.Reset();

                _listener.BeginAccept(new AsyncCallback(OnClientConnect), null);

                _connectDone.WaitOne();
            }
        }
private void OnClientConnect(IAsyncResult result)
        {
            _connectDone.Set();
            ClientSocketPacket client = new ClientSocketPacket();
            client.Socket = _listener.EndAccept(result);
            _clientList.Add(client);
            _syncContext.Post(ResultCallback, "客户端已经连接");

            try
            {
                client.Socket.BeginReceive(client.Buffer, 0, client.Buffer.Length, SocketFlags.None, new AsyncCallback(OnDataReceived), client);
            }
            catch (SocketException ex)
            {
                HandleException(client, ex);
            }
        }

1.3 接收数据

  private void OnDataReceived(IAsyncResult result)
        {
            ClientSocketPacket client = result.AsyncState as ClientSocketPacket;
            int count = 0;
            try
            {
                if (client.Socket.Connected)
                    count = client.Socket.EndReceive(result);
            }
            catch (SocketException ex)
            {
                HandleException(client,ex);
            }

            foreach (byte b in client.Buffer.Take(count))
            {
                if (b == 0)
                    continue;
                client.RececivedByte.Add(b);
            }

            string receivedString = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(client.Buffer, 0, count);
            if (client.Socket.Connected && client.Socket.Available == 0 && receivedString.Contains(_endMarker))
            {
                string content = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(client.RececivedByte.ToArray());
                content = content.Replace(_endMarker, "");
                client.RececivedByte.Clear();
                SendData("服务器端已经成功接收数据!");
                _syncContext.Post(ResultCallback, "服务器在" + DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString() + "接收数据:" + content);
            }
            //对接受的数据进行分析
            //便于简单,客户端发送的坐标字符串格式是"x|y"
            //所以这里只是简单的判断是否有‘|’标识符
            if (receivedString.Contains("|"))
            {
                string[] coordinates = receivedString.Split('|');
                startx = Convert.ToDouble(coordinates[0]);
                starty = Convert.ToDouble(coordinates[1]);
                _syncContext.Post(ChangeReceivedText, receivedString);
                step = 0;
                receivedCoor = true;
            }

            try
            {
                // 继续开始接收客户端传入的数据
                if (client.Socket.Connected)
                    client.Socket.BeginReceive(client.Buffer, 0, client.Buffer.Length, 0, new AsyncCallback(OnDataReceived), client);
            }
            catch (SocketException ex)
            {
                HandleException(client, ex);
            }
        }

1.5 发送数据等

 private void SendData(string data)
        {
            byte[] byteData = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(data);
            for (int i = 0; i < _clientList.Count;i++ )
            {

                    if (_clientList[i].Socket.Connected)
                    {
                        _clientList[i].Socket.BeginSend(byteData, 0, byteData.Length, SocketFlags.None, new AsyncCallback(OnDataSend), _clientList[i]);
                        _syncContext.Post(ResultCallback, "服务器在" + DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString() + "发送数据:" + data);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        _clientList[i].Socket.Close();
                        _clientList.Remove(_clientList[i]);
                    }
                }
        }

1.6 生成新坐标的方法,本文利用的只是一个简单的Sin三角函数,读者可构造自己的函数。

  private void newCoordinate(out double latitude, out double longitude, ref double step)
        {
            latitude = startx + 30 * step;

            longitude = starty + 100 * Math.Sin(step);

            step = step + 0.1;
        }

1.7 Timer定时器的触发函数,定时向调用构造新坐标的方法,构造新的坐标,并发送数据的到客户端

  private void _timer_Elapsed(object sender, System.Timers.ElapsedEventArgs e)
        {
            //如果服务器成功接收客户端传入的坐标,则向服务器发送数据
            if (receivedCoor == true)
            {
                newCoordinate(out X, out Y, ref step);
                string lat = startx.ToString("#0.00");
                string lon = starty.ToString("#0.00");
                //将新的坐标发送给客户端
                SendData(string.Format("{0}|{1}", X, Y));
            }
        }

1.8 其他相关函数,用于更改UI

     private void ResultCallback(object result)
        {
            // 输出相关信息
            listBox1.Items.Add(result);
        }

        private void ChangeIPText(object str)
        {
            HostIPTextBox.Text = str.ToString();
        }
        private void ChangeReceivedText(object str)
        {
            ReceivedTextBox.Text = str.ToString();
        }

1.9 开启Socket服务Button事件,及清除消息列表

 private void StartButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // 启动后台线程去运行 Socket 服务
            Thread thread = new Thread(new ThreadStart(StartupSocketServer));
            thread.IsBackground = true;
            thread.Start();
        }

        private void ClearButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            listBox1.Items.Clear();
        }

Main.cs

View Code
  1 using System;
  2 using System.Collections.Generic;
  3 using System.ComponentModel;
  4 using System.Data;
  5 using System.Drawing;
  6 using System.Linq;
  7 using System.Text;
  8 using System.Windows.Forms;
  9 using System.Threading;
 10 using System.Net.Sockets;
 11 using System.Net;
 12 using System.IO;
 13 
 14 namespace WindowsServer
 15 {
 16     public partial class Form1 : Form
 17     {
 18         SynchronizationContext _syncContext;
 19         System.Timers.Timer _timer;
 20         private string _endMarker = "^";
 21 
 22         private Socket _listener;
 23 
 24         private ManualResetEvent _connectDone = new ManualResetEvent(false);
 25         private List<ClientSocketPacket> _clientList = new List<ClientSocketPacket>();
 26 
 27         //客户端传入的起始坐标
 28         private double startx = 0;
 29         private double starty = 0;
 30         //服务器端生成的新坐标
 31         private double X;
 32         private double Y;
 33         //判断是否成功接收服务器发来的新的坐标
 34         bool receivedCoor = false;
 35         //够找新坐标时的步长
 36         private double step = 0;
 37 
 38         public Form1()
 39         {
 40             InitializeComponent();
 41             #region Start The Policy Server 验证策略文件
 42             PolicySocketServer StartPolicyServer = new PolicySocketServer();
 43             Thread th = new Thread(new ThreadStart(StartPolicyServer.StartSocketServer));
 44             th.IsBackground = true;
 45             th.Start();
 46             #endregion
 47 
 48             //UI线程
 49             _syncContext = SynchronizationContext.Current;
 50             //启动线程运行Socket服务
 51 
 52         }
 53 
 54         private void StartupSocketServer()
 55         {
 56             //定时器,每0.3秒运行一次指定的方法
 57             //这里可自己手动修改刷新数据的时间
 58             _timer = new System.Timers.Timer();
 59             _timer.Interval = 300;
 60             _timer.Elapsed += new System.Timers.ElapsedEventHandler(_timer_Elapsed);
 61             _timer.Start();
 62 
 63             //初始化Socket
 64             _listener = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork, SocketType.Stream, ProtocolType.Tcp);
 65             //创建终结点,获取当前主机IP
 66             IPHostEntry ipHost = Dns.GetHostEntry(Dns.GetHostName());
 67             IPEndPoint localEndPoint = new IPEndPoint(ipHost.AddressList[3], 4530);
 68             //Win7 启动了IPV6地址,所以是3,如果为XP系统可换成0,1再试试
 69             _syncContext.Post(ChangeIPText, ipHost.AddressList[3].ToString());
 70             //绑定端口
 71             _listener.Bind(localEndPoint);
 72             _listener.Listen(100);
 73 
 74             while (true)
 75             {
 76                 //重置ManualResetEvent,由线程来控制ManualResetEvent
 77                 _connectDone.Reset();
 78 
 79                 _listener.BeginAccept(new AsyncCallback(OnClientConnect), null);
 80 
 81                 _connectDone.WaitOne();
 82             }
 83         }
 84 
 85         private void OnClientConnect(IAsyncResult result)
 86         {
 87             _connectDone.Set();
 88             ClientSocketPacket client = new ClientSocketPacket();
 89             client.Socket = _listener.EndAccept(result);
 90             _clientList.Add(client);
 91             _syncContext.Post(ResultCallback, "客户端已经连接");
 92 
 93             try
 94             {
 95                 client.Socket.BeginReceive(client.Buffer, 0, client.Buffer.Length, SocketFlags.None, new AsyncCallback(OnDataReceived), client);
 96             }
 97             catch (SocketException ex)
 98             {
 99                 HandleException(client, ex);
100             }
101         }
102 
103         private void OnDataReceived(IAsyncResult result)
104         {
105             ClientSocketPacket client = result.AsyncState as ClientSocketPacket;
106             int count = 0;
107             try
108             {
109                 if (client.Socket.Connected)
110                     count = client.Socket.EndReceive(result);
111             }
112             catch (SocketException ex)
113             {
114                 HandleException(client,ex);
115             }
116 
117             foreach (byte b in client.Buffer.Take(count))
118             {
119                 if (b == 0)
120                     continue;
121                 client.RececivedByte.Add(b);
122             }
123 
124             string receivedString = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(client.Buffer, 0, count);
125             if (client.Socket.Connected && client.Socket.Available == 0 && receivedString.Contains(_endMarker))
126             {
127                 string content = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(client.RececivedByte.ToArray());
128                 content = content.Replace(_endMarker, "");
129                 client.RececivedByte.Clear();
130                 SendData("服务器端已经成功接收数据!");
131                 _syncContext.Post(ResultCallback, "服务器在" + DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString() + "接收数据:" + content);
132             }
133             //对接受的数据进行分析
134             //便于简单,客户端发送的坐标字符串格式是"x|y"
135             //所以这里只是简单的判断是否有‘|’标识符
136             if (receivedString.Contains("|"))
137             {
138                 string[] coordinates = receivedString.Split('|');
139                 startx = Convert.ToDouble(coordinates[0]);
140                 starty = Convert.ToDouble(coordinates[1]);
141                 _syncContext.Post(ChangeReceivedText, receivedString);
142                 step = 0;
143                 receivedCoor = true;
144             }
145 
146             try
147             {
148                 // 继续开始接收客户端传入的数据
149                 if (client.Socket.Connected)
150                     client.Socket.BeginReceive(client.Buffer, 0, client.Buffer.Length, 0, new AsyncCallback(OnDataReceived), client);
151             }
152             catch (SocketException ex)
153             {
154                 HandleException(client, ex);
155             }
156         }
157 
158         private void SendData(string data)
159         {
160             byte[] byteData = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(data);
161             for (int i = 0; i < _clientList.Count;i++ )
162             {
163 
164                     if (_clientList[i].Socket.Connected)
165                     {
166                         _clientList[i].Socket.BeginSend(byteData, 0, byteData.Length, SocketFlags.None, new AsyncCallback(OnDataSend), _clientList[i]);
167                         _syncContext.Post(ResultCallback, "服务器在" + DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString() + "发送数据:" + data);
168                     }
169                     else
170                     {
171                         _clientList[i].Socket.Close();
172                         _clientList.Remove(_clientList[i]);
173                     }
174                 }
175         }
176 
177         private void OnDataSend(IAsyncResult result)
178         {
179             ClientSocketPacket client = result.AsyncState as ClientSocketPacket;
180             try
181             {
182                 if (client.Socket.Connected)
183                     client.Socket.EndSend(result);
184             }
185             catch (SocketException ex)
186             {
187                 HandleException(client, ex);
188             }
189         }
190 
191         private void _timer_Elapsed(object sender, System.Timers.ElapsedEventArgs e)
192         {
193             //如果服务器成功接收客户端传入的坐标
194             if (receivedCoor == true)
195             {
196                 newCoordinate(out X, out Y, ref step);
197                 string lat = startx.ToString("#0.00");
198                 string lon = starty.ToString("#0.00");
199                 //将新的坐标发送给客户端
200                 SendData(string.Format("{0}|{1}", X, Y));
201             }
202         }
203 
204         private void newCoordinate(out double latitude, out double longitude, ref double step)
205         {
206             latitude = startx + 30 * step;
207 
208             longitude = starty + 100 * Math.Sin(step);
209 
210             step = step + 0.1;
211         }
212 
213         private void HandleException(ClientSocketPacket client, SocketException ex)
214         {
215             if (client.Socket == null)
216                 return;
217             // 在服务端记录异常信息,关闭导致异常的 Socket,并将其清除出客户端 Socket 列表
218             _syncContext.Post(ResultCallback, client.Socket.RemoteEndPoint.ToString() + " - " + ex.Message);
219             client.Socket.Close();
220             _clientList.Remove(client);
221         }
222 
223         private void ResultCallback(object result)
224         {
225             // 输出相关信息
226             listBox1.Items.Add(result);
227         }
228 
229         private void ChangeIPText(object str)
230         {
231             HostIPTextBox.Text = str.ToString();
232         }
233         private void ChangeReceivedText(object str)
234         {
235             ReceivedTextBox.Text = str.ToString();
236         }
237         private void StartButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
238         {
239             // 启动后台线程去运行 Socket 服务
240             Thread thread = new Thread(new ThreadStart(StartupSocketServer));
241             thread.IsBackground = true;
242             thread.Start();
243         }
244 
245         private void StopButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
246         {
247             listBox1.Items.Clear();
248         }
249     }
250 }

二、Silverlight客户端

UI界面如下:



客户端实现的过程和上一篇文章差不多,代码几乎没有变化,只不过是连续的想服务器获取数据,代码如下:
  private void socketEventArg_Completed(object sender, SocketAsyncEventArgs e)
        {
           //检查是否发送出错
            if (e.SocketError != SocketError.Success)
            {
                if (e.SocketError == SocketError.ConnectionAborted)
                {
                    Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => MessageBox.Show("连接超时....请重试!"));
                }
                else if (e.SocketError == SocketError.ConnectionRefused)
                {
                    Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => MessageBox.Show("无法连接到服务器端:"+e.SocketError));
                }else
                {
                    Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => MessageBox.Show("Socket连接已断开!"));
                }
                return;
            }
           //如果连接上,则发送数据
            if (e.LastOperation == SocketAsyncOperation.Connect)
            {
                    byte[] userbytes = (byte[])e.UserToken;
                    e.SetBuffer(userbytes, 0, userbytes.Length);
                    socket.SendAsync(e);
                    
            }//如果已发送数据,则开始接收服务器回复的消息
            else if (e.LastOperation == SocketAsyncOperation.Send)
            {
                Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() =>
                {
                    listBox1.Items.Add("客户端在" + DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString() + ",发送消息:" + MessageTextBox.Text);
                });
                byte[] userbytes = new byte[1024];
                e.SetBuffer(userbytes, 0, userbytes.Length);
                socket.ReceiveAsync(e);
            }//接收服务器数据
            else if (e.LastOperation == SocketAsyncOperation.Receive)
            {
                string RecevieStr = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(e.Buffer, 0, e.Buffer.Length).Replace("\0", "");
                Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() =>
                {
                    listBox1.Items.Add("服务器在" + DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString() + ",回复消息:" + RecevieStr);
                });
               //分析服务器发送回来的坐标数据,数据格式“x|y”
                if (RecevieStr.Contains("|"))
                {
                    string[] coor = RecevieStr.Split('|');
                    //构造新的坐标点
                    MapPoint mp1 = new MapPoint(Convert.ToDouble(x), Convert.ToDouble(y));
                    x = coor[0];
                    y = coor[1];
                    MapPoint mp2 = new MapPoint(Convert.ToDouble(x), Convert.ToDouble(y));
                    //在地图中绘制点和轨迹
                    Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => { CreatPoint(mp2); });
                    Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => { CreatLine(mp1, mp2);});
                }
              //继续向服务器接收数据,注意不要关闭Socket连接
                socket.ReceiveAsync(e); 
            }
        }

在地图上添加点和线的方法

    private void CreatPoint(MapPoint mp)
       {
           Graphic g = new Graphic()
           {
               Symbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol()
               {
                   Size = 18,
                   Color = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Blue),
                   Style = SimpleMarkerSymbol.SimpleMarkerStyle.Circle
               },
               Geometry = mp
           };
           graphiclayer.Graphics.Clear();
           graphiclayer.Graphics.Add(g);
       }

       private void CreatLine(MapPoint mp1,MapPoint mp2)
       {
           ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.Polyline pl = new ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.Polyline();
           ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.PointCollection pc = new ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.PointCollection();
           pc.Add(mp1);
           pc.Add(mp2);
           pl.Paths.Add(pc);
           Graphic g = new Graphic()
           {
               Symbol=LayoutRoot.Resources["LineSymbol"] as SimpleLineSymbol,
               Geometry = pl
           };
           routeLayer.Graphics.Add(g);
       }

本文通过双击地图获得一个起始点坐标,并将该坐标发送给服务器,示例代码:

  private void MyMap_MouseClick(object sender, ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Map.MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            MapPoint mp = e.MapPoint;
            x = mp.X.ToString ("#0.00");
            y = mp.Y.ToString ("#0.00");
            Graphic g = new Graphic()
            {
                Symbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol()
                {
                    Size=9,
                    Color=new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Blue),
                    Style=SimpleMarkerSymbol.SimpleMarkerStyle.Circle
                },
                Geometry=mp
            };
            graphiclayer.Graphics.Add(g);
            MessageTextBox.Text = x + "|" + y;
        }

关于其他部分的代码,例如声明图层,情况列表再次不再强调,具体请看下面代码:

MainPage.cs

View Code
  1 using System;
  2 using System.Collections.Generic;
  3 using System.Linq;
  4 using System.Net;
  5 using System.Windows;
  6 using System.Windows.Controls;
  7 using System.Windows.Documents;
  8 using System.Windows.Input;
  9 using System.Windows.Media;
 10 using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
 11 using System.Windows.Shapes;
 12 using System.Net.Sockets;
 13 using System.Text;
 14 using ESRI.ArcGIS.Client;
 15 using ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry;
 16 using ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Symbols;
 17 using ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Tasks;
 18 namespace SilverlightSocket
 19 {
 20     public partial class MainPage : UserControl
 21     {
 22         private Socket socket;
 23         private string x, y;
 24         GraphicsLayer graphiclayer;
 25         GraphicsLayer routeLayer;
 26         public MainPage()
 27         {
 28             InitializeComponent();
 29             SendButton.Click += new RoutedEventHandler(SendButton_Click);
 30             ClearButton.Click += ClearButton_Click;
 31             MyMap.MouseClick+=MyMap_MouseClick;
 32             graphiclayer = MyMap.Layers["GraphicLayer"] as GraphicsLayer;
 33             routeLayer = MyMap.Layers["routeLayer"] as GraphicsLayer;
 34         }
 35 
 36         private void MyMap_MouseClick(object sender, ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Map.MouseEventArgs e)
 37         {
 38             MapPoint mp = e.MapPoint;
 39             x = mp.X.ToString ("#0.00");
 40             y = mp.Y.ToString ("#0.00");
 41             Graphic g = new Graphic()
 42             {
 43                 Symbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol()
 44                 {
 45                     Size=9,
 46                     Color=new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Blue),
 47                     Style=SimpleMarkerSymbol.SimpleMarkerStyle.Circle
 48                 },
 49                 Geometry=mp
 50             };
 51             graphiclayer.Graphics.Add(g);
 52             MessageTextBox.Text = x + "|" + y;
 53         }
 54 
 55         void ClearButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
 56         {
 57             listBox1.Items.Clear();
 58         }
 59 
 60         private void SendButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
 61         {
 62             if(string.IsNullOrEmpty(IPTextBox.Text)||string.IsNullOrEmpty(PortTextBox.Text))
 63             {
 64                 MessageBox.Show ("请输入主机IP地址和端口号!");
 65                 return;
 66             }
 67             //ip地址
 68             string host=IPTextBox.Text.Trim();
 69             //端口号
 70             int port=Convert.ToInt32(PortTextBox.Text.Trim());
 71             //建立终结点对象
 72             DnsEndPoint hostEntry=new DnsEndPoint(host,port);
 73             //创建一个Socket对象
 74             socket=new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork,SocketType.Stream,ProtocolType.Tcp);
 75             //创建Socket异步事件参数
 76             SocketAsyncEventArgs socketEventArg=new SocketAsyncEventArgs ();
 77             //将消息转化为发送的byte[]格式
 78             byte[]buffer=Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(MessageTextBox.Text);
 79             //注册Socket完成事件
 80             socketEventArg.Completed+=new EventHandler<SocketAsyncEventArgs>(socketEventArg_Completed);
 81             //设置Socket异步事件远程终结点
 82             socketEventArg.RemoteEndPoint=hostEntry;
 83             //将定义好的Socket对象赋值给Socket异步事件参数的运行实例属性
 84             socketEventArg.UserToken = buffer;
 85             //socketEventArg.UserToken = socket;
 86             try
 87             {
 88                 socket.ConnectAsync(socketEventArg);
 89             }
 90             catch(SocketException ex)
 91             {
 92                 throw new SocketException((int)ex.ErrorCode);
 93             }
 94         }
 95 
 96        private void socketEventArg_Completed(object sender, SocketAsyncEventArgs e)
 97         {
 98            //检查是否发送出错
 99             if (e.SocketError != SocketError.Success)
100             {
101                 if (e.SocketError == SocketError.ConnectionAborted)
102                 {
103                     Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => MessageBox.Show("连接超时....请重试!"));
104                 }
105                 else if (e.SocketError == SocketError.ConnectionRefused)
106                 {
107                     Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => MessageBox.Show("无法连接到服务器端:"+e.SocketError));
108                 }else
109                 {
110                     Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => MessageBox.Show("Socket连接已断开!"));
111                 }
112                 return;
113             }
114            //如果连接上,则发送数据
115             if (e.LastOperation == SocketAsyncOperation.Connect)
116             {
117                     byte[] userbytes = (byte[])e.UserToken;
118                     e.SetBuffer(userbytes, 0, userbytes.Length);
119                     socket.SendAsync(e);
120                     
121             }//如果已发送数据,则开始接收服务器回复的消息
122             else if (e.LastOperation == SocketAsyncOperation.Send)
123             {
124                 Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() =>
125                 {
126                     listBox1.Items.Add("客户端在" + DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString() + ",发送消息:" + MessageTextBox.Text);
127                 });
128                 byte[] userbytes = new byte[1024];
129                 e.SetBuffer(userbytes, 0, userbytes.Length);
130                 socket.ReceiveAsync(e);
131             }//接收服务器数据
132             else if (e.LastOperation == SocketAsyncOperation.Receive)
133             {
134                 string RecevieStr = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(e.Buffer, 0, e.Buffer.Length).Replace("\0", "");
135                 Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() =>
136                 {
137                     listBox1.Items.Add("服务器在" + DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString() + ",回复消息:" + RecevieStr);
138                 });
139                 if (RecevieStr.Contains("|"))
140                 {
141                     string[] coor = RecevieStr.Split('|');
142                     MapPoint mp1 = new MapPoint(Convert.ToDouble(x), Convert.ToDouble(y));
143                     x = coor[0];
144                     y = coor[1];
145                     MapPoint mp2 = new MapPoint(Convert.ToDouble(x), Convert.ToDouble(y));
146                     Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => { CreatPoint(mp2); });
147                     Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => { CreatLine(mp1, mp2);});
148                 }
149                 socket.ReceiveAsync(e); 
150             }
151         }
152 
153        private void CreatPoint(double x,double y)
154        {
155            MapPoint mp = new MapPoint(x, y);
156            Graphic g = new Graphic()
157            {
158                Symbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol()
159                {
160                    Size = 18,
161                    Color = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Blue),
162                    Style = SimpleMarkerSymbol.SimpleMarkerStyle.Circle
163                },
164                Geometry = mp
165            };
166            graphiclayer.Graphics.Clear();
167            graphiclayer.Graphics.Add(g);
168        }
169 
170        private void CreatPoint(MapPoint mp)
171        {
172            Graphic g = new Graphic()
173            {
174                Symbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol()
175                {
176                    Size = 18,
177                    Color = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Blue),
178                    Style = SimpleMarkerSymbol.SimpleMarkerStyle.Circle
179                },
180                Geometry = mp
181            };
182            graphiclayer.Graphics.Clear();
183            graphiclayer.Graphics.Add(g);
184        }
185 
186        private void CreatLine(MapPoint mp1,MapPoint mp2)
187        {
188            ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.Polyline pl = new ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.Polyline();
189            ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.PointCollection pc = new ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.PointCollection();
190            pc.Add(mp1);
191            pc.Add(mp2);
192            pl.Paths.Add(pc);
193            Graphic g = new Graphic()
194            {
195                Symbol=LayoutRoot.Resources["LineSymbol"] as SimpleLineSymbol,
196                Geometry = pl
197            };
198            routeLayer.Graphics.Add(g);
199        }
200 
201        private void StopButton_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
202        {
203            if (socket != null)
204                socket.Shutdown(SocketShutdown.Both);
205            socket.Close();
206        }
207     }
208 }

MainPage.xaml

<UserControl
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    xmlns:esri="http://schemas.esri.com/arcgis/client/2009" x:Class="SilverlightSocket.MainPage"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White" Width="900">
        <Grid.Resources>
            <esri:SimpleLineSymbol x:Key="LineSymbol" Color="Red" Style="Solid" Width="3"/>
        </Grid.Resources>
            
        <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="0.868*"/>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="200"/>
        </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
        <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition/>
        </Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <esri:Map x:Name="MyMap" Background="White" WrapAround="True" Grid.ColumnSpan="2">
            <esri:ArcGISTiledMapServiceLayer Url="http://www.arcgisonline.cn/ArcGIS/rest/services/ChinaOnlineStreetColor/MapServer"/>
            <esri:GraphicsLayer ID="routeLayer"/>
            <esri:GraphicsLayer ID="GraphicLayer"/>
        </esri:Map>
        <StackPanel Grid.Column="1" Background="#7F094870">
            <StackPanel.Effect>
                <DropShadowEffect/>
            </StackPanel.Effect>
            <TextBlock x:Name="textBlock1" Text="主机IP" Grid.Column="1" Margin="5,5,0,0" Foreground="#FFE7D4E3" FontWeight="Bold" />
            <TextBox x:Name="IPTextBox" Text="169.254.57.67" Grid.Column="1" d:LayoutOverrides="Width" Margin="5,5,0,0" HorizontalAlignment="Left"/>
            <TextBlock x:Name="textBlock2" Text="端口号" Grid.Column="1" Margin="5,5,0,0" Foreground="#FFE7D4E3" FontWeight="Bold" />
            <TextBox x:Name="PortTextBox" Width="51" Text="4530" Grid.Column="1" Margin="5,5,0,0" HorizontalAlignment="Left"/>
            <TextBlock  x:Name="textBlock4" Text="消息记录:" Height="23" Grid.Column="1" Margin="5,5,0,0" Foreground="#FFE7D4E3" FontWeight="Bold" />
            <ListBox  x:Name="listBox1" Grid.Column="1" Margin="5,5,0,0" Height="200" />
            <TextBlock x:Name="textBlock3" Text="发送信息内容" Height="16" Grid.Column="1" d:LayoutOverrides="Width" Margin="5,5,0,0" Foreground="#FFE7D4E3" FontWeight="Bold" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" />
            <TextBox x:Name="MessageTextBox" Grid.Column="1" Height="50" Margin="5,5,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" />
            <Button Content="发送" Height="23" x:Name="SendButton" Grid.Column="1" Margin="5,5,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" />
            <Button Content="清空" Height="23" x:Name="ClearButton" Grid.Column="1" Margin="5,5,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" />
            <Button Content="停止" Height="23" x:Name="StopButton" Grid.Column="1" Margin="5,5,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" Click="StopButton_Click_1" />
        </StackPanel>
        <esri:ScaleLine HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" Margin="30,0,0,20" Map="{Binding ElementName=MyMap}"/>
    </Grid>
</UserControl>

最后的效果:

服务器端:

客户端:

由于是图片,所以无法预览动态绘制的效果,只能看图片了。

 

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