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python 小技巧备注

简介:

  最近陆陆续续写了很多python的小脚本

  记下一点东西方便以后查阅

#1.调用sqlite3数据库    
    con=sqlite3.connect(xxx)
    con.text_factory = str #防止中文乱码
    cur=con.cursor()
    cur.execute("xx")#执行语句
    con.commit()#写入数据库

#2.获取剪切板内容
def getText():  
    w.OpenClipboard()
    try:
       d = w.GetClipboardData(win32con.CF_TEXT)
       w.EmptyClipboard()
       w.CloseClipboard()  
       return d    
    except:
       w.CloseClipboard()
       return ''
def setText(aString):  
    w.OpenClipboard()  
    w.EmptyClipboard()  
    w.SetClipboardData(win32con.CF_TEXT, aString)  #如果是中文要重新编码
    w.CloseClipboard()

#3.随父线程结束的子线程
    tee=threading.Thread(target=read)
    tee.setDaemon(True) #设置跟随父线程
    tee.start()

#4.调用dll
    from  win32con import *
    from ctypes import *
    user32=windll.LoadLibrary('user32.dll')
    user32.MessageBoxW(0,'PASS!'.decode('utf-8'),'WIN'.decode('utf-8'),0|MB_SYSTEMMODAL)

#5.全局键盘鼠标监听 多线程
    hm = pyHook.HookManager()
    hm.KeyUp=ee #抬起函数
    hm.KeyDown = onKeyboardEvent #按下函数 返回值均要为True,不然会死锁
    hm.HookKeyboard() #开始监听
    # pythoncom.PumpMessages()#循环获取消息 GUI中不需要
    hm.UnhookKeyboard()#解除监听,不解除进程会假死,而且会无法关闭

#6.模拟键盘输入
    from win32api import *
    keybd_event(76,0,0,0)#76为相应键码,按下
    keybd_event(76,0,2,0)#抬起
def output(c=""): #输出字符串,这边符号只设置了底下几种,其他均没设置
    for j in range(len(c)):
      i=str(c[j])
      flag=0;t=0
      if i.islower(): i=i.upper();t=ord(i)
      elif i.isupper(): flag=1;t=ord(i)
      elif i=='@': flag=1;t=ord('2')
      elif i=='_': flag=1;t=189
      elif i=='-': t=189
      elif i=='.': t=190
      else: t=ord(i)
      if flag==1: keybd_event(16,0,0,0)
      keybd_event(t,0,0,0)
      keybd_event(t,0,2,0)
      if flag==1: keybd_event(16,0,2,0)

#7.获取含某字符串的窗口hwnd
hhwd=0;#hwnd
def iterate(hwnd,nouse):
    global hhwd
    if IsWindow(hwnd) and IsWindowEnabled(hwnd) and IsWindowVisible(hwnd):
        if GetWindowText(hwnd).find('Mozilla Firefox')!=-1:
           hhwd=hwnd
    return True
EnumWindows(iterate, 0)

#8.置顶窗口
windll.user32.SwitchToThisWindow(hwnd,True) #经测试这种最有效

#9.按hwnd关闭窗口
win32gui.SendMessage(hhwd,WM_CLOSE,0,0)

#10.清空Text
ok.delete(0.0,END)
ok.insert(END,'123')

#11.遍历文件夹并改名
def rename():
    path=eny_path.get()
    for a,v,c in os.walk(path):
        t=len(str(int(len(c)/2)))
        for n in c:
          p=os.path.splitext(n)
          x=p[0]
          while len(x)<t:
              x='0'+x
          x=x+p[1]
          os.rename(os.path.join(a,n),os.path.join(a,x))

#12.利用喇叭蜂鸣……
    winsound.Beep(1500,400)


#13.注册主程序析构函数
def xxit():
    pass
atexit.register(xxit)

#14.利用lamba给button等传递参数
Button(text='bad',command=lambda:change(1),hei=1,width=5)

#15.置顶Tkinter窗口
root.wm_attributes('-topmost',1)

#16.通过代理联网
from urllib import quote
import cookielib, urllib2
class uu(): 
    # 准备cookie
    cj = cookielib.LWPCookieJar()
    cookie_support = urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor(cj)

# 设置代理服务器
    proxy_info = {
        'host' : 'mengqidlufei.jks5.com' ,
        'port' :52385
        }
    proxy_support = urllib2 . ProxyHandler ( { 'http' : \
        'http://%(host)s:%(port)d' % proxy_info } )

# 构造opener
    def __init__(self):
        opener = urllib2.build_opener(self.cookie_support, self.proxy_support)
        urllib2.install_opener(opener)

# 打开网页
    def open(self,url):
       # print quote(url,':/=?')
        page = urllib2.urlopen(quote(url,':/=?'))
        t= page.read()
        page.close()
        return t


#17.修改系统时间,3倍
import os,time,subprocess
def changetime(t):
   l=time.localtime(t)
   dat="date %u-%02u-%02u"%(l.tm_year,l.tm_mon,l.tm_mday)
   tm="time %02u:%02u:%02u"%(l.tm_hour,l.tm_min,l.tm_sec)
   subprocess.Popen(dat, shell=True)
   subprocess.Popen(tm, shell=True)
   print 'ok'

def change():
    t=time.time()
    while 1:
        t+=60
        changetime(t)
        time.sleep(20)

#18.py2exe win32的dll错误解决办法
from distutils.core import setup  
import py2exe,os
includes = ["encodings", "encodings.*"]
mfcfiles = [os.path.join(mfcdir, i) for i in ["mfc90.dll", "mfc90u.dll", "mfcm90.dll", "mfcm90u.dll", "Microsoft.VC90.MFC.manifest"]]
data_files = [("Microsoft.VC90.MFC", mfcfiles),]
#加入mfc文件
options = {"py2exe":  
            {   "compressed": 1,  
                "optimize": 2,  
                "includes": includes,
               # "bundle_files": 1
            }  
          }  
setup(
     version = "3.0",
     description = xxx,
     name = xxx,
     options = options,
     data_files = data_files,
   # zipfile=None,
     windows=[{"script": "v3.0.pyw" }],        
    )

#19.PMW打包问题
#1.首先切换到源目录下:C:\Python27\Lib\site-packages\Pmw\Pmw_1_3_3\bin
#2.然后执行 python bundlepmw.py C:\Python27\Lib\site-packages\Pmw\Pmw_1_3_3\lib (注意是lib)
#3.然后会在bin下生成个Pmw.py (貌似2.0生成的有问题)
#4.复制Pmw.py和lib里的PmwBlt.py和PmwColor.py到要打包的文件夹下
#5.按常规打包即可





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