ChatGLM2 源码解析:`ChatGLMModel`

简介: ChatGLM2 源码解析:`ChatGLMModel`

# 完整的 GLM 模型,包括嵌入层、编码器、输出层
class ChatGLMModel(ChatGLMPreTrainedModel):
    def __init__(self, config: ChatGLMConfig, device=None, empty_init=True):
        super().__init__(config)
        # 如果设置了`empty_init`,创建任何 PyTorch 模块时,不初始化参数
        if empty_init:
            init_method = skip_init
        else:
            init_method = default_init
        init_kwargs = {}
        if device is not None:
            init_kwargs["device"] = device
        # 单词嵌入层
        self.embedding = init_method(Embedding, config, **init_kwargs)
        # LC
        self.num_layers = config.num_layers
        # GC
        self.multi_query_group_num = config.multi_query_group_num
        # HS
        self.kv_channels = config.kv_channels
        # SL
        self.seq_length = config.seq_length
        rotary_dim = (
            config.hidden_size // config.num_attention_heads if config.kv_channels is None else config.kv_channels
        )
        # 位置嵌入(PE)
        self.rotary_pos_emb = RotaryEmbedding(rotary_dim // 2, original_impl=config.original_rope, device=device,
                                              dtype=config.torch_dtype)
        # GLM 编码器
        self.encoder = init_method(GLMTransformer, config, **init_kwargs)
        # 输出层
        self.output_layer = init_method(nn.Linear, config.hidden_size, config.padded_vocab_size, bias=False,
                                        dtype=config.torch_dtype, **init_kwargs)
        self.pre_seq_len = config.pre_seq_len
        self.prefix_projection = config.prefix_projection
        if self.pre_seq_len is not None:
            # 如果设置了前缀序列长度(PSL)
            # 关闭所有参数的自动梯度
            for param in self.parameters():
                param.requires_grad = False
            # [0, 1, ..., PSL - 1]
            self.prefix_tokens = torch.arange(self.pre_seq_len).long()
            # 初始化前缀编码层和 Dropout
            self.prefix_encoder = PrefixEncoder(config)
            self.dropout = torch.nn.Dropout(0.1)
    def get_input_embeddings(self):
        return self.embedding.word_embeddings
    def get_prompt(self, batch_size, device, dtype=torch.half):
        # prefix_tokens = [0, 1, ..., PSL - 1]
        # [PSL] => [1, PSL] => [BS, PSL]
        prefix_tokens = self.prefix_tokens.unsqueeze(0).expand(batch_size, -1).to(device)
        # [BS, PSL, KVS=NL * HS * 2GC]
        past_key_values = self.prefix_encoder(prefix_tokens).type(dtype)
        # [BS, PSL, KVS=NL * HS * 2GC] => [BS, PSL, 2NL, GC, HS]
        past_key_values = past_key_values.view(
            batch_size,
            self.pre_seq_len,
            self.num_layers * 2,
            self.multi_query_group_num,
            self.kv_channels
        )
        past_key_values = self.dropout(past_key_values)
        # [BS, PSL, 2NL, GC, HS] => [2NL, PSL, BS, GC, HS] => NL * [2, PSL, BS, GC, HS]
        past_key_values = past_key_values.permute([2, 1, 0, 3, 4]).split(2)
        return past_key_values
    def forward(
            self,
            input_ids,
            position_ids: Optional[torch.Tensor] = None,
            attention_mask: Optional[torch.BoolTensor] = None,
            full_attention_mask: Optional[torch.BoolTensor] = None,
            past_key_values: Optional[Tuple[Tuple[torch.Tensor, torch.Tensor], ...]] = None,
            inputs_embeds: Optional[torch.Tensor] = None,
            use_cache: Optional[bool] = None,
            output_hidden_states: Optional[bool] = None,
            return_dict: Optional[bool] = None,
    ):
        output_hidden_states = (
            output_hidden_states if output_hidden_states is not None else self.config.output_hidden_states
        )
        use_cache = use_cache if use_cache is not None else self.config.use_cache
        return_dict = return_dict if return_dict is not None else self.config.use_return_dict
        # 输入是单词 ID,的形状为 [BS, SL]
        batch_size, seq_length = input_ids.shape
        # 将单词 ID 传递给词嵌入层得到嵌入向量
        if inputs_embeds is None:
            inputs_embeds = self.embedding(input_ids)
        # 如果设置了 PSL
        if self.pre_seq_len is not None:
            # 如果没有提供 KV 缓存,初始化为前 PSL 个前缀的词嵌入
            if past_key_values is None:
                past_key_values = self.get_prompt(batch_size=batch_size, device=input_ids.device,
                                                  dtype=inputs_embeds.dtype)
            if attention_mask is not None:
                attention_mask = torch.cat([attention_mask.new_ones((batch_size, self.pre_seq_len)),
                                            attention_mask], dim=-1)
        if full_attention_mask is None:
            if (attention_mask is not None and not attention_mask.all()) or (past_key_values and seq_length != 1):
                full_attention_mask = self.get_masks(input_ids, past_key_values, padding_mask=attention_mask)
        # 计算 PE
        # 初始化位置编码层
        rotary_pos_emb = self.rotary_pos_emb(self.seq_length)
        # 如果提供了位置 ID 就是用它检索位置嵌入矩阵
        # 如果没有,就返回嵌入矩阵的前 SL 个向量
        if position_ids is not None:
            rotary_pos_emb = rotary_pos_emb[position_ids]
        else:
            rotary_pos_emb = rotary_pos_emb[None, :seq_length]
        # [BS, SL, ES] => [SL, BS, ES]
        rotary_pos_emb = rotary_pos_emb.transpose(0, 1).contiguous()
        # 将词嵌入和位置嵌入传给编码器得到编码器输出
        hidden_states, presents, all_hidden_states, all_self_attentions = self.encoder(
            inputs_embeds, full_attention_mask, rotary_pos_emb=rotary_pos_emb,
            kv_caches=past_key_values, use_cache=use_cache, output_hidden_states=output_hidden_states
        )
        # 返回 GLM 输出,每层的 KV 缓存和每层的输出
        if not return_dict:
            return tuple(v for v in [hidden_states, presents, all_hidden_states, all_self_attentions] if v is not None)
        return BaseModelOutputWithPast(
            last_hidden_state=hidden_states,
            past_key_values=presents,
            hidden_states=all_hidden_states,
            attentions=all_self_attentions,
        )
    def quantize(self, weight_bit_width: int):
        from .quantization import quantize
        quantize(self.encoder, weight_bit_width)
        return self


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