SpringBoot原理分析 | 安全框架:Shiro

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简介: SpringBoot原理分析 | 安全框架:Shiro


Shiro

Shiro是一个安全框架,用于认证、授权和管理应用程序的安全性。它提供了一组易于使用的API和工具,可以帮助您轻松地添加安全性到您的应用程序中;保护应用程序的机密性、完整性和可用性。可以与各种应用程序集成,包括Web应用程序、RESTful服务和基于消息的应用程序等。使用Shiro,您可以轻松地实现身份验证、权限控制、密码加密等功能,以确保您的应用程序得到充分的安全保护;

Security 和 Shiro

Spring Security和Shiro都是用于应用程序安全的框架,它们都提供了认证、授权和安全管理等方面的功能,但它们在实现方式和设计哲学上有一些不同。

  • 来源不同:Spring Security最初是Spring框架的一个子项目,而Shiro是从Apache的一个开源项目而来
  • 架构不同:Spring Security的设计哲学是将安全性集成到应用程序的架构中,这意味着Spring Security在许多方面都与Spring框架紧密耦合。而Shiro的设计哲学是通过简单的API和注解来实现安全性,使它可以与各种框架和技术集成
  • 功能不同:尽管Spring Security和Shiro都提供了基本的认证和授权功能,但它们的实现方式和可定制性略有不同。Spring Security具有更多的配置选项和扩展性,而Shiro则更加简单易用,但可能在某些方面缺少灵活性
  • 社区支持不同:由于Spring Security是Spring框架的一部分,因此它拥有强大的社区支持和生态系统。而Shiro虽然也有不错的社区支持,但在某些方面可能不如Spring Security流行

综上所述,选择Spring Security还是Shiro取决于您的具体需求和技术偏好。如果您已经使用了Spring框架,那么Spring Security可能是更好的选择。如果您需要一个更加简单易用的框架,并且需要与各种技术集成,那么Shiro可能更适合您的需求

Authentication:保证只有具有权限的用户才能访问系统中的特定资源,比如用户名/密码、敏感资源等。这样可以保护系统的安全性,防止未经授权的用户访问重要信息;

Authorization:作用在于根据用户提供的身份凭证,生成权限实体,并为之授予相应的权限;

Session Management:会话管理,Session 管理的作用主要是在网站浏览时保存用户的会话状态,当用户关闭浏览器时自动关闭会话,从而避免数据泄露;

Cryptography:加密,保护数据的安全性,如密码加密存储到数据库,而不是明文存储;

Web Support:Web 支持,可以非常容易的集成到 Web 环境;

Caching:缓存,比如用户登录后,其用户信息、拥有的角色 / 权限不必每次去查,这样可以提高效率;

Concurrency:shiro 支持多线程应用的并发验证,即如在一个线程中开启另一个线程,能把权限自动传播过去;

Testing:提供测试支持;

Run As:允许一个用户假装为另一个用户(如果他们允许)的身份进行访问;

Remember Me:记住我,通过session缓存数据

Subject(主体) :Shiro 框架中的一个核心概念获取当前登录的用户名和角色,验证当前用户的权限,提供当前用户信息,包括用户名、角色、权限等信息

SecurityManager(核心安全管理器): 是一个安全管理器,主要对账号、权限及身份认证进行设置和管理。它可以对 Spark 的部署模式进行配置,开放指定的权限,没有配置的权限就认为不具备相应的权限,这个安全管理器默认情况下是关闭的,需要手动去开启

Realm(领域) : Shiro 框架中用于保护应用程序中的数据安全的一种数据库;当用户执行认证(登录)和授权(访问控制)验证时,Shiro 会从应用配置的 Realm 中查找用户及其权限信息。Realm 实质上是一个安全相关的 DAO,它封装了数据源的连接细节,并在需要时将相关数据提供给 Shiro。当配置 Shiro 时,你必须至少指定一个 Realm,用于认证和(或)授权。配置多个 Realm 是可以的,但是至少需要一个。Shiro 内置了可以连接大量安全数据源(又名目录)的 Realm,如 LDAP、关系数据库(JDBC)、类似 INI 的文本配置资源以及属性文件等。如果缺省的 Realm 不能满足需求,你还可以插入代表自定义数据源的自己的 Realm 实现。Realm 能做的工作主要有以下几个方面:

  • 身份验证:验证账户和密码,并返回相关信息
  • 权限获取:获取指定身份的权限,并返回相关信息
  • 令牌支持:判断该令牌(Token)是否被支持
  • 令牌有很多种类型,例如:HostAuthenticationToken(主机验证令牌),UsernamePasswordToken(账户密码验证令牌)

准备工作

  • 依赖导入
<dependencies>
        <!--shiro-core-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
            <artifactId>shiro-core</artifactId>
            <version>1.11.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--configure logging-->
        <!--jcl-over-slf4j-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>jcl-over-slf4j</artifactId>
            <version>2.0.7</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--slf4j-log4j12-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
            <version>2.0.7</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--log4j-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.17</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
  • resources/log4j.properties
log4j.rootLogger=INFO, stdout
log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d %p [%c] - %m %n
# General Apache libraries
log4j.logger.org.apache=WARN
# Spring
log4j.logger.org.springframework=WARN
# Default Shiro logging
log4j.logger.org.apache.shiro=INFO
# Disable verbose logging
log4j.logger.org.apache.shiro.util.ThreadContext=WARN
log4j.logger.org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCache=WARN
  • resources/shiro.ini
[users]
# user 'root' with password 'secret' and the 'admin' role
root = secret, admin
# user 'guest' with the password 'guest' and the 'guest' role
guest = guest, guest
# user 'presidentskroob' with password '12345' ("That's the same combination on
# my luggage!!!" ;)), and role 'president'
presidentskroob = 12345, president
# user 'darkhelmet' with password 'ludicrousspeed' and roles 'darklord' and 'schwartz'
darkhelmet = ludicrousspeed, darklord, schwartz
# user 'lonestarr' with password 'vespa' and roles 'goodguy' and 'schwartz'
lonestarr = vespa, goodguy, schwartz
[roles]
# 'admin' role has all permissions, indicated by the wildcard '*'
admin = *
# The 'schwartz' role can do anything (*) with any lightsaber:
schwartz = lightsaber:*
# The 'goodguy' role is allowed to 'drive' (action) the winnebago (type) with
# license plate 'eagle5' (instance specific id)
goodguy = winnebago:drive:eagle5
  • Quickstart.java
import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.*;
import org.apache.shiro.config.IniSecurityManagerFactory;
import org.apache.shiro.mgt.SecurityManager;
import org.apache.shiro.session.Session;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
import org.apache.shiro.util.Factory;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
/**
 * Simple Quickstart application showing how to use Shiro's API.
 *
 * @since 0.9 RC2
 */
public class Quickstart {
    private static final transient Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(Quickstart.class);
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // The easiest way to create a Shiro SecurityManager with configured
        // realms, users, roles and permissions is to use the simple INI config.
        // We'll do that by using a factory that can ingest a .ini file and
        // return a SecurityManager instance:
        // Use the shiro.ini file at the root of the classpath
        // (file: and url: prefixes load from files and urls respectively):
        Factory<SecurityManager> factory = new IniSecurityManagerFactory("classpath:shiro.ini");
        SecurityManager securityManager = factory.getInstance();
        // for this simple example quickstart, make the SecurityManager
        // accessible as a JVM singleton.  Most applications wouldn't do this
        // and instead rely on their container configuration or web.xml for
        // webapps.  That is outside the scope of this simple quickstart, so
        // we'll just do the bare minimum so you can continue to get a feel
        // for things.
        SecurityUtils.setSecurityManager(securityManager);
        // Now that a simple Shiro environment is set up, let's see what you can do:
        // get the currently executing user:
        Subject currentUser = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
        // Do some stuff with a Session (no need for a web or EJB container!!!)
        Session session = currentUser.getSession();
        session.setAttribute("someKey", "aValue");
        String value = (String) session.getAttribute("someKey");
        if (value.equals("aValue")) {
            log.info("Retrieved the correct value! [" + value + "]");
        }
        // let's login the current user so we can check against roles and permissions:
        if (!currentUser.isAuthenticated()) {
            UsernamePasswordToken token = new UsernamePasswordToken("lonestarr", "vespa");
            token.setRememberMe(true);
            try {
                currentUser.login(token);
            } catch (UnknownAccountException uae) {
                log.info("There is no user with username of " + token.getPrincipal());
            } catch (IncorrectCredentialsException ice) {
                log.info("Password for account " + token.getPrincipal() + " was incorrect!");
            } catch (LockedAccountException lae) {
                log.info("The account for username " + token.getPrincipal() + " is locked.  " +
                        "Please contact your administrator to unlock it.");
            }
            // ... catch more exceptions here (maybe custom ones specific to your application?
            catch (AuthenticationException ae) {
                //unexpected condition?  error?
            }
        }
        //say who they are:
        //print their identifying principal (in this case, a username):
        log.info("User [" + currentUser.getPrincipal() + "] logged in successfully.");
        //test a role:
        if (currentUser.hasRole("schwartz")) {
            log.info("May the Schwartz be with you!");
        } else {
            log.info("Hello, mere mortal.");
        }
        //test a typed permission (not instance-level)
        if (currentUser.isPermitted("lightsaber:wield")) {
            log.info("You may use a lightsaber ring.  Use it wisely.");
        } else {
            log.info("Sorry, lightsaber rings are for schwartz masters only.");
        }
        //a (very powerful) Instance Level permission:
        if (currentUser.isPermitted("winnebago:drive:eagle5")) {
            log.info("You are permitted to 'drive' the winnebago with license plate (id) 'eagle5'.  " +
                    "Here are the keys - have fun!");
        } else {
            log.info("Sorry, you aren't allowed to drive the 'eagle5' winnebago!");
        }
        //all done - log out!
        currentUser.logout();
        System.exit(0);
    }
}

shiro的subject分析

  • 获取当前用户对象subject
Subject currentUser = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
  • 通过当前用户,取出session
Session session = currentUser.getSession();
  • 判断当前用户是否被认证
if (!currentUser.isAuthenticated()) {
  ……
}
  • 输出Subject信息,或得当前用户认证
log.info("User [" + currentUser.getPrincipal() + "] logged in successfully.");
  • 获取用户是否拥有角色,并输出
if (currentUser.hasRole("schwartz")) {
  ……
}
  • 获取当前用户权限
if (currentUser.isPermitted("lightsaber:wield")) {
  ……
}
  • 注销、结束
//注销
        currentUser.logout();
        //结束
        System.exit(0);
import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.*;
import org.apache.shiro.config.IniSecurityManagerFactory;
import org.apache.shiro.mgt.SecurityManager;
import org.apache.shiro.session.Session;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
import org.apache.shiro.util.Factory;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
public class Quickstart {
    private static final transient Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(Quickstart.class);
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Factory<SecurityManager> factory = new IniSecurityManagerFactory("classpath:shiro.ini");
        SecurityManager securityManager = factory.getInstance();
        SecurityUtils.setSecurityManager(securityManager);
        //获取当前用户对象
        Subject currentUser = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
        //通过当前用户,取出session
        Session session = currentUser.getSession();
        session.setAttribute("someKey", "aValue");
        String value = (String) session.getAttribute("someKey");
        if (value.equals("aValue")) {
            log.info("Retrieved the correct value! [" + value + "]");
        }
        //判断当前用户是否被认证
        if (!currentUser.isAuthenticated()) {
            UsernamePasswordToken token = new UsernamePasswordToken("lonestarr", "vespa");
            //token:令牌
            token.setRememberMe(true);
            try {
                //执行登录操作
                currentUser.login(token);
                //Subject异常
            } catch (UnknownAccountException uae) {
                log.info("There is no user with username of " + token.getPrincipal());
                //令牌不对应等
            } catch (IncorrectCredentialsException ice) {
                log.info("Password for account " + token.getPrincipal() + " was incorrect!");
                //账号被锁定问题,登陆次数过多
            } catch (LockedAccountException lae) {
                log.info("The account for username " + token.getPrincipal() + " is locked.  " +
                        "Please contact your administrator to unlock it.");
            }
            //其他异常或者大的异常,自定义异常
            catch (AuthenticationException ae) {
            }
        }
        //输出Subject信息,或得当前用户认证
        log.info("User [" + currentUser.getPrincipal() + "] logged in successfully.");
        //测试角色,如果角色拥有权限,则输出权限信息
        if (currentUser.hasRole("schwartz")) {
            log.info("May the Schwartz be with you!");
        } else {
            log.info("Hello, mere mortal.");
        }
        //粗粒度
        if (currentUser.isPermitted("lightsaber:wield")) {
            log.info("You may use a lightsaber ring.  Use it wisely.");
        } else {
            log.info("Sorry, lightsaber rings are for schwartz masters only.");
        }
        //细粒度
        if (currentUser.isPermitted("winnebago:drive:eagle5")) {
            log.info("You are permitted to 'drive' the winnebago with license plate (id) 'eagle5'.  " +
                    "Here are the keys - have fun!");
        } else {
            log.info("Sorry, you aren't allowed to drive the 'eagle5' winnebago!");
        }
        //注销
        currentUser.logout();
        //结束
        System.exit(0);
    }
}

springboot集成shiro

  • 依赖导入
<dependencies>
        <!--shiro-springboot-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
            <artifactId>shiro-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.11.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--thymeleaf-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--web-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--test-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
  • Shiro 框架的配置文件(ShiroConfig)
package com.wei.config;
import org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean;
import org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.Map;
@Configuration
public class ShiroConfig {
    //ShiroFilterFactoryBean
    @Bean(name = "shiroFilterFactoryBean")
    public ShiroFilterFactoryBean shiroFilterFactoryBean(@Qualifier("securityManager") DefaultWebSecurityManager defaultWebSecurityManager){
        ShiroFilterFactoryBean bean = new ShiroFilterFactoryBean();
        //设置安全管理器
        bean.setSecurityManager(defaultWebSecurityManager);
        //添加shiro的内置过滤器
        /**
         * anon:无需认证,即可访问
         * authc:必须认证,才能访问
         * user:必须拥有rember me 功能才能使用
         * perms:必须对某个资源的权限才能访问
         * role:拥有某个角色权限才能访问
         * */
        //登录拦截器
        Map<String, String> filterMap = new LinkedHashMap<>();
        //filterMap.put("/user/*","authc");
        filterMap.put("/user/add","authc");
        filterMap.put("/user/update","authc");
        bean.setFilterChainDefinitionMap(filterMap);
        //设置登录请求
        bean.setLoginUrl("/toLogin");
        return bean;
    }
    //DefaultWebSecurityManager
    @Bean(name = "securityManager")
    public DefaultWebSecurityManager getDefaultWebSecurityManager(@Qualifier("userRealm") UserRealm userRealm){
        DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager = new DefaultWebSecurityManager();
        //关联UserRealm
        securityManager.setRealm(userRealm);
        return securityManager;
    }
    //Realm对象
    @Bean
    public UserRealm userRealm(){
        return new UserRealm();
    }
}
  • login.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en" xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>登录</h1>
<p th:text="${msg}" style="color: red"></p>
<form th:action="@{/login}">
    <p>用户名:<input type="text" name="username"></p>
    <p>密码:<input type="text" name="password"></p>
    <p><input type="submit"></p>
</form>
</body>
</html>
  • index.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en" xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>wei_shuo</title>
</head>
<body>
<div>
    <span><h1>首页</h1></span>
    <p th:text="${msg}"></p>
    <hr>
    <a th:href="@{/user/add}"><h1>add</h1></a>  <a th:href="@{/user/update}"><h1>update</h1></a>
</div>
</body>
</html>
  • add.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>add User</h1>
</body>
</html>
  • update.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>update User</h1>
</body>
</html>
  • MyController.java
package com.wei.controller;
import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.IncorrectCredentialsException;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.UnknownAccountException;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.UsernamePasswordToken;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
@Controller
public class MyController {
    @RequestMapping({"/", "index"})
    public String toIndex(Model model) {
        model.addAttribute("msg", "Hello,Shiro");
        return "index";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/user/add")
    public String add() {
        return "user/add.html";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/user/update")
    public String update() {
        return "user/update.html";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/toLogin")
    public String toLogin() {
        return "login";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/login")
    public String login(String username, String password, Model model) {
        //获取当前的用户
        Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
        //封装用户的登录数据
        UsernamePasswordToken token = new UsernamePasswordToken(username, password);
        //执行登录方法,如果无异常则成功
        try {
            subject.login(token);
            return "index";
        } catch (UnknownAccountException e) {   //用户名不存在
            model.addAttribute("msg", "用户名错误");
            return "login";
        } catch (IncorrectCredentialsException e) {   //密码不存在
            model.addAttribute("msg", "密码错误");
            return "login";
        }
    }
}
  • UserRealm.java(用户认证与授权)
package com.wei.config;
import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.*;
import org.apache.shiro.authz.AuthorizationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.realm.AuthorizingRealm;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.PrincipalCollection;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
//自定义UserRealm
public class UserRealm extends AuthorizingRealm {
    //授权
    @Override
    protected AuthorizationInfo doGetAuthorizationInfo(PrincipalCollection principalCollection) {
        System.out.println("执行了=>授权doGetAuthorizationInfo");
        return null;
    }
    //认证
    @Override
    protected AuthenticationInfo doGetAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticationToken authenticationToken) throws AuthenticationException {
        System.out.println("执行了=>认证doGetAuthorizationInfo");
        //用户名,密码,数据库
        String name = "root";
        String password = "123456";
        UsernamePasswordToken userToken = (UsernamePasswordToken) authenticationToken;
        //用户认证
        if (!userToken.getUsername().equals(name)){
            return null;    //抛出异常  UnknownAccountException
        }
        //密码认证,shiro自动部署
        return new SimpleAuthenticationInfo("",password,"");
    }
}

shiro集成Mybatis

  • 依赖导入
<dependencies>
        <!--springboot-mybatis-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>2.3.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--lombok-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.18.26</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--mysql-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--log4j-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.17</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--druid-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.16</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--shiro-springboot-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
            <artifactId>shiro-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.11.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--thymeleaf-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--web-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--test-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
  • 配置文件application.properties
#整合mybatis
mybatis.type-aliases-package=com.wei.pojo
mybatis.mapper-locations=classpath:mapper/*.xml
  • 数据库配置application.yml
spring:
  datasource:
    username: "root"
    password: "root"
    url: jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mybatis?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8&serverTimezone=UTC
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
    #切换数据源
    type: com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource
    #Spring Boot 默认是不注入这些属性值的,需要自己绑定
    #druid 数据源专有配置
    initialSize: 5
    minIdle: 5
    maxActive: 20
    maxWait: 60000
    timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis: 60000
    minEvictableIdleTimeMillis: 300000
    validationQuery: SELECT 1 FROM DUAL
    testWhileIdle: true
    testOnBorrow: false
    testOnReturn: false
    poolPreparedStatements: true
    #配置监控统计拦截的filters,stat:监控统计、log4j:日志记录、wall:防御sql注入
    #如果允许时报错  java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.log4j.Priority
    #则导入 log4j 依赖即可,Maven 地址:https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/log4j/log4j
    filters: stat,wall,log4j
    maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize: 20
    useGlobalDataSourceStat: true
    connectionProperties: druid.stat.mergeSql=true;druid.stat.slowSqlMillis=500
  • /pojo/User.java
package com.wei.pojo;
import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;
@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class User {
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private String pwd;
}
  • /mapper/UserMapper.java
package com.wei.mapper;
import com.wei.pojo.User;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;
@Repository
@Mapper
public interface UserMapper {
    public User queryUserByName(String name);
}
  • /resource/mapper/UserMapper.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.wei.mapper.UserMapper">
    <select id="queryUserByName" parameterType="String" resultType="User">
        select * from mybatis.user where name = #{name}
    </select>
</mapper>
  • /service/UserService.java
package com.wei.service;
import com.wei.pojo.User;
public interface UserService {
    public User queryUserByName(String name);
}
  • /service/UserServiceImpl.java
package com.wei;
import com.wei.service.UserServiceImpl;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
@SpringBootTest
class Springboot06ShiroApplicationTests {
    @Autowired
    UserServiceImpl userService;
    @Test
    void contextLoads() {
        System.out.println(userService.queryUserByName("aaa"));
    }
}
  • 测试
package com.wei;
import com.wei.service.UserServiceImpl;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
@SpringBootTest
class Springboot06ShiroApplicationTests {
    @Autowired
    UserServiceImpl userService;
    @Test
    void contextLoads() {
        System.out.println(userService.queryUserByName("aaa"));
    }
}
  • /config/UserRealm.java
package com.wei.config;
import com.wei.pojo.User;
import com.wei.service.UserService;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.*;
import org.apache.shiro.authz.AuthorizationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.realm.AuthorizingRealm;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.PrincipalCollection;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
//自定义UserRealm
public class UserRealm extends AuthorizingRealm {
    @Autowired
    UserService userService;
    //授权
    @Override
    protected AuthorizationInfo doGetAuthorizationInfo(PrincipalCollection principalCollection) {
        System.out.println("执行了=>授权doGetAuthorizationInfo");
        return null;
    }
    //认证
    @Override
    protected AuthenticationInfo doGetAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticationToken authenticationToken) throws AuthenticationException {
        System.out.println("执行了=>认证doGetAuthorizationInfo");
        UsernamePasswordToken userToken = (UsernamePasswordToken) authenticationToken;
        //连接数据库
        User user = userService.queryUserByName(userToken.getUsername());
        if (user==null){
            return null;       //UnknownAccountException
        }
        //密码认证,shiro自动部署
        //密码加密
        return new SimpleAuthenticationInfo("",user.getPwd(),"");
    }
}

用户认证与授权

  • 数据库配置

  • config/ShiroConfig.java
package com.wei.config;
import org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean;
import org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.Map;
@Configuration
public class ShiroConfig {
    //ShiroFilterFactoryBean
    @Bean("shiroFilterFactoryBean")
    public ShiroFilterFactoryBean getShiroFilterFactoryBean(@Qualifier("SecurityManager") DefaultWebSecurityManager defaultWebSecurityManager){
        ShiroFilterFactoryBean bean = new ShiroFilterFactoryBean();
        //设置安全管理器
        bean.setSecurityManager(defaultWebSecurityManager);
        //添加shiro的内置过滤器
        /**
         * anon:无需认证,即可访问
         * authc:必须认证,才能访问
         * user:必须拥有rember me 功能才能使用
         * perms:必须对某个资源的权限才能访问
         * role:拥有某个角色权限才能访问
         * */
        //登录拦截器
        Map<String, String> filterMap = new LinkedHashMap<>();
        //filterMap.put("/user/*","authc");
        filterMap.put("/user/add","authc");
        filterMap.put("/user/update","authc");
        bean.setFilterChainDefinitionMap(filterMap);
        //授权
        filterMap.put("/user/add","perms[user:add]");
        filterMap.put("/user/update","perms[user:update]");
        //设置登录请求
        bean.setLoginUrl("/toLogin");
        //设置未授权的请求
        bean.setUnauthorizedUrl("/noauth");
        return bean;
    }
    //DefaultWebSecurityManager
    @Bean("SecurityManager")
    public DefaultWebSecurityManager getDefaultWebSecurityManager(@Qualifier("userRealm") UserRealm userRealm){
        DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager = new DefaultWebSecurityManager();
        //关联UserRealm
        securityManager.setRealm(userRealm);
        return securityManager;
    }
    //Realm对象
    @Bean
    public UserRealm userRealm(){
        return new UserRealm();
    }
}

config/UserRealm.java

package com.wei.config;
import com.wei.pojo.User;
import com.wei.service.UserService;
import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.*;
import org.apache.shiro.authz.AuthorizationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.authz.SimpleAuthorizationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.realm.AuthorizingRealm;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.PrincipalCollection;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
//自定义UserRealm
public class UserRealm extends AuthorizingRealm {
    @Autowired
    UserService userService;
    //授权
    @Override
    protected AuthorizationInfo doGetAuthorizationInfo(PrincipalCollection principalCollection) {
        System.out.println("执行了=>授权doGetAuthorizationInfo");
        //SimpleAuthorizationInfo
        SimpleAuthorizationInfo info = new SimpleAuthorizationInfo();
//        info.addStringPermission("user:add");
//        info.addStringPermission("user:update");
        //获取当前用户对象
        Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
        //获取到了user对象
        User currentUser = (User) subject.getPrincipal();
        //设置当前用户权限
        info.addStringPermission(currentUser.getPerms());
        return info;
    }
    //认证
    @Override
    protected AuthenticationInfo doGetAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticationToken authenticationToken) throws AuthenticationException {
        System.out.println("执行了=>认证doGetAuthorizationInfo");
        UsernamePasswordToken userToken = (UsernamePasswordToken) authenticationToken;
        //连接数据库
        User user = userService.queryUserByName(userToken.getUsername());
        if (user==null){
            return null;       //UnknownAccountException
        }
        //密码认证,shiro自动部署
        //密码加密
        return new SimpleAuthenticationInfo(user,user.getPwd(),"");
    }
}
  • controller/MyController.java
package com.wei.controller;
import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.IncorrectCredentialsException;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.UnknownAccountException;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.UsernamePasswordToken;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
@Controller
public class MyController {
    @RequestMapping({"/", "index"})
    public String toIndex(Model model) {
        model.addAttribute("msg", "Hello,Shiro");
        return "index";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/user/add")
    public String add() {
        return "user/add.html";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/user/update")
    public String update() {
        return "user/update.html";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/toLogin")
    public String toLogin() {
        return "login";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/login")
    public String login(String username, String password, Model model) {
        //获取当前的用户
        Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
        //封装用户的登录数据
        UsernamePasswordToken token = new UsernamePasswordToken(username, password);
        //执行登录方法,如果无异常则成功
        try {
            subject.login(token);
            return "index";
        } catch (UnknownAccountException e) {   //用户名不存在
            model.addAttribute("msg", "用户名错误");
            return "login";
        } catch (IncorrectCredentialsException e) {   //密码不存在
            model.addAttribute("msg", "密码错误");
            return "login";
        }
    }
    //未授权页面
    @RequestMapping("/noauth")
    @ResponseBody
    public String unauthorized(){
        return "未经授权无法访问此页面!";
    }
}

shiro继承Thymeleaf

  • 依赖导入
<!--shiro-thymeleaf-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.github.theborakompanioni</groupId>
            <artifactId>thymeleaf-extras-shiro</artifactId>
            <version>2.1.0</version>
        </dependency>
  • config/ShiroConifg.java
//整合ShiroDialect:整合shiro和thymeleaf
    @Bean
    public ShiroDialect getShiroDialect(){
        return new ShiroDialect();
    }
  • config/UserRealm.java
//获取当前的用户
        Subject currentSubject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
        Session session = currentSubject.getSession();
        session.setAttribute("loginUser",user);
  • index.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en"
      xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org"
      xmlns:shiro="http://www.pollix.at/thymeleaf/shiro"
>
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>wei_shuo</title>
</head>
<body>
<div>
    <span><h1>首页</h1></span>
    <div th:if="${session.loginUser==null}">
        <p><a th:href="@{/toLogin}">登录</a> </p>
    </div>
    <p th:text="${msg}"></p>
    <hr>
    <div shiro:hasPermission="'user:add'">
        <a th:href="@{/user/add}"><h1>add</h1></a>
    </div>
    <div shiro:hasPermission="'user:update'">
     <a th:href="@{/user/update}"><h1>update</h1></a>
    </div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

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